Explore to Realize
|Established||1 October 2003
Successor agency to NASDA 1969–2003, ISAS 1981–2003 and NAL 1955–2003
|Primary spaceport||Tanegashima Space Center|
|Budget||¥211.11 billion/ $2.03 billion (FY2013)|
The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) (国立研究開発法人宇宙航空研究開発機構 Kokuritsu-kenkyū-kaihatsu-hōjin Uchū Kōkū Kenkyū Kaihatsu Kikō, literally "National Research and Development Agency on Aerospace Research and Development") is the Japanese national aerospace and space agency.
Through the merger of three previously independent organizations, JAXA was formed on 1 October 2003. JAXA is responsible for research, technology development and launch of satellites into orbit, and is involved in many more advanced missions such as asteroid exploration and possible manned exploration of the Moon. Its motto is One JAXA and its corporate slogan is Explore to Realize (formerly Reaching for the skies, exploring space).
In 2003, three organizations were merged to form the new JAXA.
- Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS)
- National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (NAL)
- National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA)
- Independent Administrative Institution (IAI), 2001
- List of Independent Administrative Institutes in Japan
Images for kids
JAXA Kibo, the largest module of the ISS.
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.