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James D. Watson
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James D. Watson
Born (1928-04-06) April 6, 1928 (age 94)
Nationality American
Alma mater University of Chicago, Indiana University
Known for DNA structure, Molecular biology,
Awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1962); Copley Medal (1993)
Scientific career
Fields Genetics
Institutions Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory; Harvard University; University of Cambridge; National Institutes of Health

James Dewey Watson (born April 6, 1928) is an American molecular biologist and zoologist.

Watson is of English, Scottish and Irish ancestry.

He is best known as one of the discoverers of the structure of DNA with Francis Crick, in 1953.

Watson, Crick, and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material".

He studied at the University of Chicago and Indiana University and later worked at the University of Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory in England. He met Crick at the Cavendish and they became friends.

Watson has received 19 honorary doctorates.


Watson has published a number of books.

  • The molecular biology of the cell
  • Recombinant DNA

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