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Fayetteville, Tennessee
Fayetteville town Square
Fayetteville town Square
Official seal of Fayetteville, Tennessee
Seal
Motto(s): 
Where tradition meets tomorrow
Location of Fayetteville in Lincoln County, Tennessee.
Location of Fayetteville in Lincoln County, Tennessee.
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Lincoln
Founded 1809
Named for Fayetteville, North Carolina
Area
 • Total 9.62 sq mi (24.92 km2)
 • Land 9.62 sq mi (24.92 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
705 ft (215 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 6,827
 • Estimate 
(2019)
7,047
 • Density 732.46/sq mi (282.82/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
37334
Area code(s) 931
FIPS code 47-25920
GNIS feature ID 1647829

Fayetteville is a city and the county seat of Lincoln County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 6,994 at the 2000 census, and 6,827 at the 2010 census. A census estimate from 2018 showed 7,017.

History

Fayetteville is the largest city in Lincoln County. The city was established in 1809 by an Act of the Tennessee General Assembly. The act became effective on January 1, 1810.

Lewis Wickes Hine - Young Doffers in the Elk Cotton Mills, Fayetteville, Tennessee - Google Art Project
Child labor at the Elk Cotton Mills in Fayetteville, 1910. Photo by Lewis Hine.

The lands that include Lincoln County and Fayetteville were originally part of Cherokee and Chickasaw land. They were ceded to the United States in 1806.

The city was named for Fayetteville, North Carolina, where some of its earliest residents had lived before moving to Tennessee. The earlier town was named for Marquis de Lafayette, a general who fought for the United States during the American Revolution. Lincoln County was named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln, second in command of the U.S. Army at the end of the Revolutionary War.

The earliest white settler was Ezekiel Norris, who gave the one hundred acres upon which the city was built. In addition to Ezekiel Norris, other founding fathers of Fayetteville include: Alexander and Andrew Greer, William Edmonson, and Matthew Buchanan.

In 1995, the International Gospel Hour radio broadcast, founded in Texarkana, Texas, by the clergyman V. E. Howard was transferred to the West Fayetteville Church of Christ in Fayetteville under the minister Winford Claiborne.

Geography

Fayetteville is located at 35°9′10″N 86°34′17″W / 35.15278°N 86.57139°W / 35.15278; -86.57139 (35.152750, -86.571356).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19 km2), all land.

Climate

Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).

Climate data for Fayetteville, Tennessee
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.9
(48)
11.1
(52)
16.7
(62)
22.2
(72)
26.1
(79)
30
(86)
31.7
(89)
31.7
(89)
28.9
(84)
22.8
(73)
16.7
(62)
10.6
(51)
21.7
(71)
Average low °C (°F) -2.8
(27)
-1.7
(29)
2.8
(37)
7.2
(45)
12.2
(54)
16.7
(62)
18.9
(66)
17.8
(64)
14.4
(58)
7.2
(45)
2.8
(37)
-1.1
(30)
7.8
(46)
Precipitation mm (inches) 132
(5.2)
122
(4.8)
142
(5.6)
114
(4.5)
119
(4.7)
97
(3.8)
117
(4.6)
84
(3.3)
97
(3.8)
81
(3.2)
119
(4.7)
137
(5.4)
1,361
(53.6)
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 995
1870 1,206
1880 2,104 74.5%
1890 2,410 14.5%
1900 2,708 12.4%
1910 3,439 27.0%
1920 3,629 5.5%
1930 3,822 5.3%
1940 4,684 22.6%
1950 5,447 16.3%
1960 6,804 24.9%
1970 7,691 13.0%
1980 7,559 −1.7%
1990 6,921 −8.4%
2000 6,994 1.1%
2010 6,827 −2.4%
2019 (est.) 7,047 3.2%
Sources:

2020 census

Fayetteville racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 4,795 67.84%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,474 20.85%
Native American 35 0.5%
Asian 44 0.62%
Pacific Islander 2 0.03%
Other/Mixed 447 6.32%
Hispanic or Latino 271 3.83%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,068 people, 3,092 households, and 1,548 families residing in the city.

Landmarks

Old Stone Bridge

One of the most famous landmarks of Fayetteville is the remains of the Stone Bridge, commonly known by the locals of Fayetteville as the “Old Stone Bridge”. It was in 1860 that John Markum and Patrick Flannery, the architects and contractors, began the building of the bridge. The bridge, consisting of six arches, was completed in January 1862 with a final cost of $40,000. In 1863, during the Civil War, the bridge was ordered burned by General William T. Sherman, but this order was disobeyed because the river was easily forded at the base of the bridge. The bridge stood until 1969, when it collapsed due to flooding.

Lincoln County Courthouse

The first courthouse for Lincoln County, which was made of brick, was completed in 1815. It was used as local headquarters by Union troops during the Civil War. The building was replaced by an Italianate structure in 1874. This second courthouse was demolished and replaced by the current Colonial Revival-style building in 1970.

Camp Blount Monument

The Camp Blount marker, erected in 1998, stands along Huntsville Highway (US-431) near the WalMart shopping center. The camp was located along the Elk River and was a meeting point for the Tennessee soldiers who were serving under General Andrew Jackson in the Creek War of 1813-1814. Camp Blount also was a meeting point for soldiers during the Seminole Wars in 1818 and 1836, and for both Confederate and Federal troops during the Civil War.

Attractions

Lincoln County Fair

The Lincoln County Fair grounds are located in Fayetteville Tennessee. The Lincoln County Fair Association was issued its charter in 1906 and is a nonprofit organization with all profits going back into maintaining the fair grounds. In 1980, the fair became a district fair, serving five counties and paying over $10,000 in agriculture premiums.

As far back as 1889, there are records for the harness racing that takes place still today at the fairgrounds. The racetrack was made of red clay until 1978 when it was converted to an all weather track by grading it and covering it in limestone dust. Other elements of the fair include a demolition derby, rides, food vendors, a cattle showing, pageants, art competition, and concerts.

Economy

Bavarian-based Grammer AG operates a site in Fayetteville. It manufactures components for the automotive industry.

Notable people

  • John Neely Bryan, founder of the city of Dallas, Texas
  • Jim Bob Cooter, NFL offensive coordinator
  • Rick Dempsey, former Major League Baseball player
  • Bob Higgins, former Major League Baseball player
  • Kelly Holcomb, former NFL quarterback
  • Frank Kelso, U.S. Navy admiral
  • Ira L. Kimes, brigadier general and Marine aviator
  • Anthony Shelton, former NFL and CFL player
  • Hatton W. Sumners, former congressman
  • Ed Townsend, singer-songwriter, co-wrote "Let's Get It On" with Marvin Gaye

Eddie Blake, former NFL and CFL player

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