Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsFerdinand III
Emperor Ferdinand III wearing the Order of the Golden Fleece (painting by Frans Luycx, around 1637/1638)
|Holy Roman Emperor
King of Germany
|Reign||18 November 1637 – 2 April 1657|
|Coronation||18 November 1637|
|Archduke of Lower and Inner Austria|
|Reign||15 February 1637 – 2 April 1657|
|King of Bohemia|
|Reign||21 November 1627 – 2 April 1657|
|Coronation||21 November 1627, Prague|
|King of Hungary and Croatia|
|Reign||8 December 1625 – 2 April 1657|
|Coronation||8 December 1625, Sopron|
|Born||13 July 1608
Graz, Duchy of Styria, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||2 April 1657
Vienna, Archduchy of Austria
|Father||Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Maria Anna of Bavaria|
Ferdinand III (Ferdinand Ernest; 13 July 1608 in Graz – 2 April 1657 in Vienna) was from 1621 Archduke of Austria, King of Hungary from 1625, King of Croatia and Bohemia from 1627 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1637 until his death in 1657.
Ferdinand ascended the throne at the beginning of the last decade of the Thirty Years' War and introduced lenient policies to depart from old ideas of divine rights under his father, as he had wished to end the war quickly. As the numerous battles had not resulted in sufficient military containment of the Protestant enemies and confronted with decaying imperial power Ferdinand was compelled to abandon the political stances of his Habsburg predecessors in many respects in order to open the long road towards the much delayed peace treaty. Although his authority among the princes would weaken after the war, in Bohemia, Hungary and the Austrias, however, Ferdinand's position as sovereign was uncontested.
Ferdinand was the first Habsburg monarch to be recognized as a musical composer.
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