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Joseph I
JosephI.1705.JPG
Joseph I in 1705. Portrait by Franz Stampart
Holy Roman Emperor;
King of Bohemia;
Archduke of Austria;
King of Croatia
Reign 5 May 1705 – 17 April 1711
Predecessor Leopold I
Successor Charles VI
King of the Romans
Reign 23 January 1690 – 17 April 1711
Coronation 26 January 1690, Augsburg
Predecessor Leopold I
Successor Charles VI
King of Hungary
Reign 9 December 1687 – 17 April 1711
Coronation 9 December 1687, Pressburg
Predecessor Leopold I
Successor Charles VI
Born (1678-07-26)26 July 1678
Vienna, Austria
Died 17 April 1711(1711-04-17) (aged 32)
Vienna, Austria
Burial Imperial Crypt, Vienna
Spouse Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Issue Maria Josepha, Queen of Poland
Archduke Leopold Joseph
Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress
Full name
German: Joseph Jacob Ignaz Johann Anton Eustachius
House House of Habsburg
Father Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
Religion Roman Catholicism

Joseph I (Joseph Jacob Ignaz Johann Anton Eustachius; 26 July 1678 – 17 April 1711) was Holy Roman Emperor and ruler of the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy from 1705 until his death in 1711. He was the eldest son of Emperor Leopold I from his third wife, Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. Joseph was crowned King of Hungary at the age of nine in 1687 and King in Germany at the age of eleven in 1690. He succeeded to the thrones of Bohemia and the Holy Roman Empire when his father died.

Joseph continued the War of the Spanish Succession, begun by his father against Louis XIV of France, in a fruitless attempt to make his younger brother Charles (later Emperor Charles VI) King of Spain. In the process, however, owing to the victories won by his military commander, Prince Eugene of Savoy, he did succeed in establishing Austrian hegemony over Italy. Joseph also had to contend with a protracted revolt in Hungary, fomented by Louis XIV. Neither conflict was resolved until the Treaty of Utrecht, after his death. He also sanctioned the extermination of Romani people within the Holy Roman Empire.

His motto was Amore et Timore (Latin for "Through Love and Fear").

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