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Frozen
Frozen (2013 film) poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Chris Buck
Produced by John Lasseter
Peter del Vecho
Screenplay by Shane Morris
Story by Hans Christian Andersen
Starring Kristen Bell
Idina Menzel
Music by Christophe Beck
Robert Lopez
Kristen Anderson-Lopez
Studio Walt Disney Animation Studios
Walt Disney Pictures
Distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures
Release date(s) November 27, 2013 (2013-11-27)
Running time 102 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Money made $1.275 billion

Frozen is a 2013 American computer-animated musical fantasy-comedy movie. It is produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures. It is loosely based on Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tale The Snow Queen.

Frozen is about a princess named Anna, and her sister Elsa who becomes queen. There is also a funny talking snowman called Olaf. In the popular movie, Elsa sings a song called "Let It Go," which became very popular and it is a 52nd movie. Frozen was released on November 27, 2013 and has the voices of Kristen Bell and Idina Menzel in speaking and singing roles.

Frozen got great reviews from movie critics. It was nominated for the Golden Globe for Best Animated Feature Film.

Plot

Anna and Elsa are two princess sisters who live in Arendelle. Elsa, now queen of Arendelle, has the power of working with snow and ice, but her power gets out of control and upsets the people of Arendelle. Not wanting to hurt anyone, Elsa runs away and makes her own palace for herself. Meanwhile, Anna sets off in the snow and ice to bring Elsa back and make things right with her. On the way, she meets Kristoff, a friendly iceman, and Olaf, a funny snowman made alive by Elsa and who dreams of seeing summer.

Hans wants to marry Anna, but he tells her he only wants to marry her to destroy Elsa and get her royal status. As Hans raises his sword over Elsa, Anna stops Hans and as a result turns to a frozen statue. Elsa weeps out of love for the frozen Anna, and this thaws Anna back to life. Seeing this, Olaf realizes that an act of true love is what thaws a frozen heart. With the power of love, Elsa stops the icy spell over Arendelle, and all of Arendelle live happily ever after, including Olaf, who is able to see summer with a snow flurry over his head to keep the summer heat from melting him.

Cast

  • Kristen Bell as Princess Anna
  • Idina Menzel as Queen Elsa
  • Jonathan Groff as Kristoff
  • Eva Bella as Young Elsa
  • Josh Gad as Olaf the Snowman
  • Santino Fontana as Hans
  • Alan Tudyk as the Duke of Weselton
  • Ciarán Hinds as Grand Pabbie, the Troll King
  • Paul Briggs as Marshmallow the Snow Monster
  • Maurice LaMarche as King Agnarr

Production

Plans to make a movie based on The Snow Queen were started in the 1940's. The writers were not sure how its story could go and so the movie could not be made. Later, in 2011, the writers finally found a story to use for the movie and the production team began making the movie, naming it Frozen. The plans said that Frozen would be hand-drawn, but the team later decided to use computer animation. It took only two years to make Frozen, which was a very fast production time for a computer-animated movie.

Frozen is also probably one of the most difficult animated movies to make. The animation team had to travel to a snowy area in Wyoming so that they could study the behavior of snow and simulate that with a computer. They also used a program that could generate a lot of strands for Elsa's hair. An average human has about 100,000 strands of hair, while Elsa's hair was made of 400,000 strands.

Songs

This is a list of songs heard in the movie Frozen. These can be found on the movie's soundtrack CD. The CD also contains the background music pieces used for Frozen. Most of the songs were made by husband and wife Robert and Kristen Anderson-Lopez, while the movie's background music was made by Christophe Beck. The first song in the movie, "Frozen Heart," was made by South Sami composer Frode Fjellheim and is in a traditional Sami style called Vuelie.

  1. "Frozen Heart" (sung by a group of icemen)
  2. "Do You Want to Build a Snowman?" (sung by young Anna)
  3. "For the First Time in Forever" (sung by Anna and Elsa)
  4. "Love Is an Open Door" (sung by Anna and Hans)
  5. "Let It Go" (sung by Elsa; most popular Frozen song)
  6. "Reindeer(s) Are Better Than People" (sung by Kristoff)
  7. "In Summer" (sung by Olaf)
  8. "For the First Time in Forever (Reprise)" (sung by Anna and Elsa)
  9. "Fixer Upper" (sung by the trolls)
  10. "Let It Go" (sung by Demi Lovato; end credits)

Voice cast

Top row (L–R): Kristen Bell, Idina Menzel
Bottom row (L–R): Jonathan Groff, Josh Gad
  • Kristen Bell as Anna, the 18-year-old Princess of Arendelle and Elsa's younger sister
    • Bell also voices 15-year-old Anna.
    • Livvy Stubenrauch as 5-year-old Anna
    • Katie Lopez as 5-year-old Anna (singing)
    • Agatha Lee Monn as 9-year-old Anna
  • Idina Menzel as Elsa, the 21-year-old Queen of Arendelle who possesses magical ice powers and Anna's elder sister
    • Menzel also voices 18-year-old Elsa.
    • Eva Bella as 8-year-old Elsa
    • Spencer Lacey Ganus as 12-year-old Elsa
  • Jonathan Groff as Kristoff, a 21-year-old iceman who is accompanied by a reindeer named Sven
    • Tyree Brown as 8-year-old Kristoff
  • Josh Gad as Olaf, a sentient comic-relief snowman that Elsa and Anna created as children, who dreams of experiencing summer
  • Santino Fontana as Hans, a prince from the Southern Isles
  • Alan Tudyk as the Duke of Weselton
  • Ciarán Hinds as Grand Pabbie, the Troll King
  • Chris Williams as Oaken, the owner of Wandering Oaken's Trading Post and Sauna
  • Maia Wilson as Bulda, a troll and Kristoff's adoptive mother
  • Paul Briggs as Marshmallow, a giant snow monster who guards Elsa's palace
  • Maurice LaMarche as the King of Arendelle, Anna and Elsa's father
  • Jennifer Lee as the Queen of Arendelle, Anna and Elsa's mother

Non-speaking characters include Kristoff's reindeer companion Sven, horses, and wolves. The grunts and snorts for Sven were provided by Frank Welker who was not credited in the film.

Criticism

The character Kristoff is meant to be Sami, a member of an indigenous group that lives in northern Europe. Some viewers complained that Kristoff was not a good way to show Sami because he is light-skinned and blond. Although, today, some Sami look like Kristoff, most have darker skin and hair. When making the 2019 sequel, Frozen II, Disney signed a contract with Sami leaders and hired Sami experts to make sure the culture would be shown respectfully.

Sequels

Frozen Fever (2015)

Frozen Fever is a short movie made by Walt Disney Animation Studios. It continues the events of Frozen. It was released with the longer movie Cinderella on March 13, 2015. The movie is about Elsa who catches a cold and finds it hard to surprise Anna on her birthday. Frozen Fever runs for about 8 minutes. It has one new song sung by Elsa.

Olaf's Frozen Adventure (2017)

Olaf's Frozen Adventure is a short movie made by Walt Disney Animation Studios. It was released with the longer movie Coco on November 22, 2017. It was later shown on ABC on December 14. The short movie is about Olaf the snowman who is looking for the best holiday traditions for Anna. It runs for about 21 minutes. It has four new songs.

Frozen II (2019)

The full length sequel, Frozen II, was released on November 22, 2019.

Legacy

Cultural impact

ElsaAnnaFrozen
Elsa and Anna doing a Meet and Greet at Disneyland in 2013

During the spring and summer of 2014, several journalists observed that Frozen was unusually catchy in comparison to the vast majority of films, in that many children in both the U.S. and the UK were watching Frozen so many times that they now knew all the songs by heart and kept singing them again and again at every opportunity, to the distress of their hapless parents, teachers, and classmates. Those who have disclosed that they are the parent of a Frozen-obsessed child include former UK prime minister David Cameron, as well as actors Amy Adams, Ben Affleck, Kevin Costner, and Vince Vaughn. When Terry Gross brought up this phenomenon with songwriters Lopez and Anderson-Lopez in an April 2014 interview on NPR, they explained there was simply no way they could have known how popular their work on Frozen would become. They were "just trying to tell a story that resonated" and "that didn't suck."

In May, columnist Joel Stein of Time magazine wrote about his young son Laszlo's frustration with the inescapable "cultural assault" of Frozen at preschool and all social and extracurricular activities, and how he had arranged for a Skype call with lead actress Bell after Laszlo began asking why the film was made. When Laszlo asked whether Bell knew when she made Frozen that it would take over kids' lives, she replied: "I did not know that people would not let it go. No pun intended." In a December 2014 interview with The Hollywood Reporter, Lee acknowledged that she had transitioned from thanking people when they expressed their appreciation for Frozen to having to apologize when they said "we're still listening to those songs" (with their children). Lee also said that she used the film and its strong female characters to inspire her own daughter, who had experienced bullying at school, and admitted that she herself as a child was bullied as well; thus, they had managed to be true to themselves like Anna and Elsa.

In a 2014 mid-year report of the 100 most-used baby names conducted by BabyCenter, Elsa was ranked 88; it was the first time the name had appeared on the site's chart. Sarah Barrett, managing director of the site, explained that while the film's popular heroine is called Anna, "Elsa offers a more unique name and is also a strong female role model." Many parents revealed that their choices of name were "heavily influenced" by the siblings. Vice president of Disney UK Anna Hill later commented that "We're delighted that Elsa is a popular name for babies and it's lovely to hear that for many families, it is actually their siblings who have chosen it," and that "Elsa's fight to overcome her fears and the powerful strength of the family bond" were relatable to many families. On 2014 year-end lists issued by Google, Frozen was the most searched movie of 2014. On the Google Play Store, Frozen and its soundtrack album were also named Movie of the Year and Album of the Year respectively, i.e. the best-selling title in their respective areas. Frozen was also the second-most illegally downloaded film title of 2014 via BitTorrent file sharing protocol, with around 30 million downloads.

After Disney announced in March 2015 that a feature-length sequel was in development, Agence France-Presse and the Toronto Star both published stories gently mocking the horror of parents everywhere at the news that another Frozen "sensory and financial assault" was in the pipeline.

The Writers Guild Foundation listed Frozen as having one of the best scripts of 2010s film and television, praising the film as one that subverts "rigidly established story and character tropes".

Franchise

Frozenfandemonium
The directors, composers, producers, and several of the film's stars at the "Frozen FANdemonium: A Musical Celebration" presentation at the 2015 D23 Expo to celebrate the film's songs

In January 2014, Iger announced that Frozen would be adapted into a Broadway stage musical. In the space of a single business quarter, Iger went from speaking of Frozen's "franchise potential" (in February 2014) to saying that it was "probably" one of Disney's "top five franchises" (in May 2014). The film's massive popularity resulted in an unusually severe merchandise shortage in the United States and several other industrialized countries in April 2014, which caused resale prices for higher-quality limited-edition Frozen dolls and costumes to skyrocket past $1,000 on eBay. By the time the merchandise shortage was finally resolved in early November 2014 (nearly a year after the film's release), Disney had sold over three million Frozen costumes in North America alone. Wait times for the meet-and-greets at Disney Parks soon regularly exceeded four hours and forced management in February 2014 to indefinitely extend what was originally intended as a temporary film promotion. Disney Parks later put on a temporary event (Frozen Summer Fun) at Disney's Hollywood Studios, then announced on September 12, 2014, that the Maelstrom ride at Epcot's Norway pavilion would be closed and replaced with a Frozen-based attraction, which opened in early 2016. On May 27, 2016, a live Frozen musical stage show officially opened at the Hyperion Theater in Disney California Adventure, replacing the venue's previous show, Aladdin. By August 2014, the publisher Random House had sold over 8 million Frozen-related books. Tour operators, including Adventures by Disney, added more Norway tours in response to rising demand during 2014.

Meanwhile, the producers of Once Upon a Time (made by Disney-owned ABC Studios) independently conceived of and obtained authorization from both ABC and Disney for a Frozen-inspired crossover story arc in the show's fourth season, which was first revealed at the end of the show's third season in May 2014, and premiered in September 2014. On September 2, 2014, ABC broadcast The Story of Frozen: Making a Disney Animated Classic, a one-hour "making of" television special. At the end of the special, Lasseter announced that the production team would be reuniting to make Frozen Fever, a short film which debuted in theaters with Disney's Cinderella on March 13, 2015. On September 4, 2014, Feld Entertainment's Disney on Ice presented the world premiere of a touring ice skating show based on the film at Amway Center in Orlando, Florida.

During the airing of The Making of Frozen: Return to Arendelle on ABC, it was announced that a holiday special titled Olaf's Frozen Adventure was in-production, slated for release in winter 2017. It was later revealed by John Lasseter in June 2017 that the 21-minute special would instead receive a limited time theatrical release. It premiered in theaters with Pixar's Coco on November 22, 2017, and made its television debut on ABC on December 14, 2017.

In addition, Arendelle was featured as a world in the 2019 video game Kingdom Hearts III, which adapts the plot of the film. The film's voice cast reprise their roles for the game.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Frozen para niños

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