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Government of Ohio facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The government of the U.S. state of Ohio consists of the executive, judicial, and legislative branches. Its basic structure is set forth in the Constitution and law of Ohio.

Executive branch

There are six officials elected statewide:

All are elected statewide for four-year terms, all on a partisan ballot, with the Governor and Lieutenant Governor elected on a single ticket.


The state government is primarily organized into several cabinet or administrative departments:

  • Department of Administrative Services
  • Department of Aging
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Office of Budget and Management
    Rhodes Tower1
    The Rhodes State Office Tower in Columbus
  • Department of Commerce
  • Development Services Agency
  • Department of Developmental Disabilities
  • Department of Education
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • Department of Health
  • Department of Insurance
  • Department of Job and Family Services
  • Department of Medicaid
  • Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services
  • Department of Natural Resources
  • Department of Public Safety
  • Department of Rehabilitation and Correction
  • Department of Taxation
  • Department of Transportation
  • Department of Veterans Services
  • Department of Youth Services

Notices and proposed rules are published in the Register of Ohio, which are codified in the Ohio Administrative Code (OAC).

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