Greensburg, Indiana facts for kids

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Greensburg, Indiana
City
Nickname(s): Tree City
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Country United States
State Indiana
County Decatur
Area
 • Total 9.32 sq mi (24.14 km2)
 • Land 9.27 sq mi (24.01 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 958 ft (292 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,492
 • Estimate (2012) 11,638
 • Density 1,239.7/sq mi (478.7/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47240
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-29718
GNIS feature ID 0449663
Website http://www.cityofgreensburg.com

Greensburg is a city in Decatur County, Indiana, United States. The population was counted at 11,492 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Decatur County.

History

Greensburg was laid out in 1822. The founder's wife being a native of Greensburg, Pennsylvania caused the name to be selected.

The first post office at Greensburg opened in 1823, but the name of the post office was spelled Greensburgh until 1894.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, race relations in Greensburg worsened, leading to the expulsion of African Americans from the city after race riots against them in 1906 and 1907. According to James W. Loewen, Greensburg then was for decades a sundown town, a town that was purposely all-white.

The Bromwell Wire Works, Decatur County Courthouse, Greensburg Carnegie Public Library, Greensburg Downtown Historic District, Bright B. Harris House, Jerman School, and Knights of Pythias Building and Theatre are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Tree on the Courthouse Tower

Decatur County Courthouse version 2
Tree on the Courthouse Tower in Greensburg, Indiana

The Decatur County Courthouse in Greensburg is known for a tree which grows from the top of the Courthouse Tower, giving Greensburg its nickname, "Tree City".

There have been one or more trees growing continually since the first tree was noticed in the early 1870s. Later, other small trees appeared on the clock tower.

County officials were initially concerned that the trees would cause damage to the roof, and a steeplejack was hired in the 1880s to remove some of them. Two trees were left, with one ultimately growing to a height of nearly 15 feet (4.6 m). By the time it died, another tree had appeared.

Today, there are two trees on the tower. During a recent tree trimming a piece of the tree was examined by several Purdue University foresters and they positively identified the tree as a mulberry tree.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, Greensburg has a total area of 9.315 square miles (24.13 km2), of which 9.27 square miles (24.01 km2) (or 99.52%) is land and 0.045 square miles (0.12 km2) (or 0.48%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,202
1860 1,283 6.7%
1880 3,198
1890 3,596 12.4%
1900 5,034 40.0%
1910 5,420 7.7%
1920 5,345 −1.4%
1930 5,702 6.7%
1940 6,065 6.4%
1950 6,619 9.1%
1960 7,492 13.2%
1970 8,620 15.1%
1980 9,254 7.4%
1990 9,286 0.3%
2000 10,260 10.5%
2010 11,492 12.0%
Est. 2015 11,819 2.8%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 11,492 people, 4,661 households, and 2,927 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,239.7 inhabitants per square mile (478.7/km2). There were 5,185 housing units at an average density of 559.3 per square mile (215.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 4,661 households of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.2% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 37 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,260 people, 4,178 households, and 2,778 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,140.4 people per square mile (827.0/km²). There were 4,420 housing units at an average density of 922.1 per square mile (356.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.57% White, 0.08% African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

Greensburg-indiana-from-above
Greensburg from the air, looking north.

There were 4,178 households, out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39, and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,029, and the median income for a family was $45,439. Males had a median income of $31,662 versus $24,605 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,829. About 8.0% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Greensburg is located adjacent to Interstate 74 halfway between Indianapolis and Cincinnati. U.S. Highway 421 links Greensburg with Indianapolis to the north and Lexington, Kentucky, to the south. State Road 3 connects Greensburg with Muncie and Fort Wayne to the north and the Indiana suburbs of Louisville, Kentucky, to the south. State Road 46 links the community with Columbus, Bloomington, and Terre Haute to the west and Batesville to the east. Recently a construction project, which has made going east on Interstate 74 from the ramp west of town possible, has been completed.

Greensburg is a likely train stop on the proposed high-speed rail line between Indianapolis and Cincinnati. This line is part of the Midwest Regional Rail Initiative, which is the master plan for a high-speed rail network throughout the midwestern United States.

The Greensburg-Decatur County Airport consists of a single runway measuring 3,343 ft (1,019 m). by 40 ft (12 m). There are tentative plans to either expand the current runway or build a new airport elsewhere in Decatur County.

Indianapolis International Airport is located 59 miles (95 km) from Greensburg, and Cincinnati Northern Kentucky International Airport is located 66 miles (106 km) away.

Climate

Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. Temperatures are high and can lead to warm, oppressive nights. Summers are usually somewhat wetter than winters, with much of the rainfall coming from convectional thunderstorm activity. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).

Climate data for Greensburg, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 37
(2.8)
40
(4.4)
51
(10.6)
63
(17.2)
73
(22.8)
82
(27.8)
86
(30)
85
(29.4)
79
(26.1)
67
(19.4)
52
(11.1)
40
(4.4)
62.9
(17.18)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(-6.7)
22
(-5.6)
32
(0)
42
(5.6)
52
(11.1)
60
(15.6)
64
(17.8)
62
(16.7)
55
(12.8)
44
(6.7)
34
(1.1)
24
(-4.4)
42.6
(5.88)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.1
(79)
2.5
(64)
3.9
(99)
3.9
(99)
4.4
(112)
4.2
(107)
4.0
(102)
3.4
(86)
3.1
(79)
2.9
(74)
3.2
(81)
3.1
(79)
41.8
(1,062)
Avg. precipitation days 10 8 10 12 12 10 9 8 8 8 9 10 114
Source: Weatherbase

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