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Greenville, Ohio facts for kids

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Greenville, Ohio
"The Treaty City"
Location in Darke County and the state of Ohio.
Location in Darke County and the state of Ohio.
Country United States
State Ohio
County Darke
 • Total 6.72 sq mi (17.39 km2)
 • Land 6.65 sq mi (17.23 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
1,043 ft (318 m)
 • Total 13,227
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,896.42/sq mi (732.17/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 937, 326
FIPS code 39-32340
GNIS feature ID 1064762

Greenville is a city in and the county seat of Darke County, Ohio, United States, located near the western edge of Ohio about 33 miles northwest of Dayton. The population was 13,227 at the 2010 census.


Greenville is the historic location of Fort Greeneville, which was built in 1793 by General Anthony Wayne's soldiers during the Northwest Indian War. Named for Revolutionary War hero Nathaniel Greene, its defenses covered about 55 acres (220,000 m2), which made it the largest wooden fort in North America. Two years later, the Treaty of Greenville was signed at the fort on August 3, 1795, bringing an end to the Indian wars in the area and opening the Northwest Territory for settlement. Fort Greenville was abandoned in 1796, and the town Greenville soon grew up on the site.


Greenville is located at 40°6′9″N 84°37′41″W / 40.10250°N 84.62806°W / 40.10250; -84.62806 (40.102474, -84.627985).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.66 square miles (17.25 km2), of which 6.60 square miles (17.09 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.

Local airports:

Darke County Airport, seven miles away in Versailles, Ohio

James M. Cox Dayton International Airport 35 miles away in Vandalia, Ohio

General information

Greenville is home to The Great Darke County Fair which runs for nine days in August. Greenville is also home to KitchenAid small appliances.

Built in 1849, the historic Bear's Mill, is an authentic example of a stonegrinding flour mill of its time. Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, it is still in use today to grind cornmeal, whole wheat flour, rye flour, and pancake mixes. The mill and the buhr stones are powered by water. Self-guided tours may be taken during normal business hours.

Greenville has a local history museum, the Garst Museum, which features the largest known collections of memorabilia of Annie Oakley and Lowell Thomas, both of whom were born nearby. It also holds historic artifacts relating to Anthony Wayne and the Treaty of Greenville as well as Native American artifacts. The museum also includes a village of shops; a wing of early American furnishings, pioneer life, and military uniforms; an early Indianapolis 500 race car built in Greenville; and an extensive genealogy room for research. Also located in Greenville is St. Clair Memorial Hall, the center for the arts in Darke County. This piece of architecture, built in 1910, has been completely remodeled and is a showpiece for all of Darke County.

The city and surrounding areas are served by a daily newspaper published in Greenville, The Daily Advocate.

Notable people

  • Jack Baldschun, baseball player
  • Jeffrey D. Feltman, United Nations diplomat
  • Ray Hathaway, baseball player
  • Matt Light, American football player
  • Clayton Murphy, Olympian
  • Paul Norris, comic book artist
  • Annie Oakley, American sharpshooter
  • Bob Peebles, Scottish-American professional golfer
  • Gene Riegle, harness racing driver and trainer
  • Lowell Thomas, writer and broadcaster
  • Jim Van Bebber, film director


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 793
1850 1,045 31.8%
1860 1,650 57.9%
1870 2,520 52.7%
1880 3,535 40.3%
1890 5,473 54.8%
1900 5,501 0.5%
1910 6,237 13.4%
1920 7,104 13.9%
1930 7,036 −1.0%
1940 7,745 10.1%
1950 8,859 14.4%
1960 10,585 19.5%
1970 12,380 17.0%
1980 13,002 5.0%
1990 12,863 −1.1%
2000 13,294 3.4%
2010 13,227 −0.5%
2019 (est.) 12,615 −4.6%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 13,227 people, 5,933 households, and 3,430 families living in the city. The population density was 2,004.1 inhabitants per square mile (773.8/km2). There were 6,536 housing units at an average density of 990.3 per square mile (382.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 5,933 households, of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.2% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17, and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 43.4 years. 21.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64, and 22.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.0% male and 54.0% female.

Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Scientists:
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