Harvey Milk facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Milk in 1978
|Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors|
January 8, 1978 – November 27, 1978
|Preceded by||District created|
|Succeeded by||Harry Britt|
Harvey Bernard Milk
May 22, 1930
Woodmere, New York, U.S.
|Died||November 27, 1978
San Francisco, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Assassination|
|Political party||Democratic (1972–78)|
|Republican (before 1972)|
|Alma mater||State University of New York at Albany|
|Profession||Politician, business owner|
|Awards||Presidential Medal of Freedom 2009 (posthumously)|
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1951–1955|
|Rank||Lieutenant, junior grade|
|Unit||USS Kittiwake (ASR-13)|
Harvey Bernard Milk (May 22, 1930 – November 27, 1978) was an American politician and a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. He was the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in California. He did not focus on homosexuality or gay activism at first, but did later on in his career.
Milk served 11 months in office and helped gay rights in the city. On November 27, 1978, Milk and Mayor George Moscone were assassinated (murdered) by Dan White in San Francisco. White was another city supervisor who had recently resigned but wanted his job back.
Milk became an icon in San Francisco and "a martyr for gay rights", according to University of San Francisco professor Peter Novak. In 2002, Milk was called "the most famous and most significantly open LGBT official ever elected in the United States". Anne Kronenberg, his final campaign manager, wrote of him: "What set Harvey apart from you or me was that he was a visionary. He imagined a righteous world inside his head and then he set about to create it for real, for all of us." Milk was posthumously given the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama on August 12, 2009.
Images for kids
Milk, here with his sister-in-law in front of Castro Camera in 1973, had been changed by his experience with the counterculture of the 1960s. Dianne Feinstein, who first met him in 1973, did not recognize him when she met him again in 1978.
By the time of Milk's 1975 campaign, he had decided to cut his hair and wear suits. Here, Milk (far right) is campaigning with longshoremen in San Francisco during his 1976 race for the California State Assembly.
The headline of The San Francisco Examiner on November 28, 1978, announced Dan White was charged with first-degree murder, and eligible for the death penalty.
Rioters outside San Francisco City Hall, May 21, 1979, reacting to the voluntary manslaughter verdict for Dan White.
Harvey Milk Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.