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Heart of Neolithic Orkney facts for kids

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Heart of Neolithic Orkney
UNESCO World Heritage site
Skara Brae - panoramio.jpg
Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae, Europe's most complete Neolithic village.
Location Orkney, United Kingdom
Includes
  1. Maes Howe
  2. Stones of Stenness
  3. Ring of Brogar
  4. Skara Brae
Criteria Cultural: (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
Reference 514bis
Inscription 1999 (23rd Session)
Extensions 2015
Area 15 ha (37 acres)
Buffer zone 6,258 ha (15,460 acres)
Coordinates Template:Coord/display/title, inline
Orkney Ring of Brodgar 1983
The Ring of Brodgar

Heart of Neolithic Orkney refers to a group of Neolithic monuments found on Mainland, one of the islands of Orkney, Scotland. The name was adopted by UNESCO when it proclaimed these sites as a World Heritage Site in 1999.

There are five sites on Mainland:

  1. Skara Brae – a cluster of ten houses making up Northern Europe’s best-preserved Neolithic village.
  2. Ring of Brodgar – a stone circle 104 metres in diameter, originally composed of 60 stones set within a circular ditch up to 3 metres deep and 10 metres wide, forming a henge monument. It has been estimated that the structure took 80,000 man-hours to construct.
  3. Standing stones of Stenness – the four remaining megaliths of a henge, the largest of which is 6 metres (19 ft) high.
  4. Ness of Brodgar is an archaeological site between the Ring of Brodgar and the Stones of Stenness that has provided evidence of housing, decorated stone slabs, a massive stone wall with foundations, and a large building described as a Neolithic 'cathedral'.
  5. Maeshowe – a unique chambered cairn and passage grave, aligned so that its central chamber is illuminated on the winter solstice. It was looted by Vikings who left one of the largest collection of runic inscriptions in the world.

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