List of World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts - Homework Help
Stonehenge back wide
Stonehenge is part of the Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The List of World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom is a group of places chosen by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

There are 28 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom and overseas territories. The UNESCO list has seventeen properties in England (the Frontiers of the Roman Empire is shared with Germany), four in Scotland, three in Wales, one in Northern Ireland, and one in each of the overseas territories of Bermuda, the Pitcairn Islands, and Saint Helena.

History

UNESCO was created for the "conservation and protection of the world’s inheritance of books, works of art and monuments of history and science". The constitution of UNESCO was ratified in 1946 by 26 countries, including the United Kingdom.

The UK contributes £130,000 annually to the World Heritage Fund which finances the preservation of sites in developing countries. Some locations have many sites that have a common geographical location or cultural history.

List

The World Heritage list has developed over time. It is part of a process; and the list continues to grow.

The United Kingdom National Commission for UNESCO advises the British government on policies dealing with UNESCO. The British government is responsible for maintaining its World Heritage Sites.

The first sites in the UK to be added to the World Heritage List, in 1986, were:

The latest site to be added was Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal in 2009.

There are 10 criteria for a site to be able to be added to the list. World Heritage Site selection criteria i–iv are culturally based. selection criteria vii–x are natural criteria. Twenty-three properties are listed as "cultural". Four are listed as "natural". One is listed as "mixed", which means that the site is notable for both natural and cultural criteria. This is similar to the proportions of all World Heritage Sites. Of the 890 sites on the World Heritage List, 77.4% are cultural, 19.8% are natural, and 2.8% are mixed. St Kilda is the only mixed World Heritage Site in the UK. At first, it was added to the list because of its natural habitats. In 2005, the crofting community that once was part of the archipelago was added to the site. The natural sites are the Dorset and East Devon Coast, Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast, Gough and Inaccessible Islands and Henderson Island. The rest are cultural.

As of 2012, there are 28 places in the United Kingdom which are on the World Heritage List.

There are 13 sites which are on a tentative list.

Table

Name Image Location Notes
Blaenavon Industrial Landscape Big Pit Mining Museum.jpg Blaenavon, Wales cultural site
Blenheim Palace Blenheim Palace 2006 cropped.jpg Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England cultural site
Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church Canterbury Cathedral - Portal Nave Cross-spire.jpeg Canterbury, Kent, England cultural site
Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd Beaumaris, circular towers and moat, 2006.jpg Conwy, Isle of Anglesey and Gwynedd, Wales cultural site
City of Bath Royal.crescent.aerial.bath.arp.jpg Bath, Somerset, England cultural site
Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape Crowns peh.jpg Cornwall and Devon, England cultural site
Derwent Valley Mills Arkwright Masson Mills.jpg Derbyshire, England cultural site
Dorset and East Devon Coast Gad cliff dorset.jpg Dorset and Devon, England natural site — also called Jurassic Coast
Durham Castle and Cathedral Durham Cathedral and Castle.jpg Durham, County Durham, England cultural site
Frontiers of the Roman Empire Hadrianswall2007.jpg Hadrian's Wall, northern England and Antonine Wall, southern Scotland cultural site—scattered limes in the UK and in Germany
Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast Causeway-code poet-4.jpg County Antrim, Northern Ireland natural site
Gough and Inaccessible Island Gough island top view.png Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic Ocean
Heart of Neolithic Orkney Orkney Skara Brae.jpg Orkney, Scotland cultural site
Henderson Island HendersonISS004-E-6793.PNG Henderson Island, Pitcairn Islands, Pacific Ocean
Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda John Smith 1624 map of Bermuda with Forts 01.jpg St George, Bermuda cultural site
Ironbridge Gorge Ironbridge002.JPG Shropshire, England cultural site
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City Albert dock at night.jpg Liverpool, Merseyside, England cultural site
Maritime Greenwich Royal Naval College 2008.jpg Greenwich, London cultural site
New Lanark New Lanark buildings 2009.jpg New Lanark, South Lanarkshire, Scotland cultural site
Old and New Towns of Edinburgh Looking down Royal Mile, Edinburgh.jpg Edinburgh, Scotland cultural site
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal WalesC0047.jpg Wrexham, Wales and Shropshire, England cultural site
Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew Kew Gardens Palm House, London - July 2009.jpg Kew, Greater London, England cultural site
St Kilda St Kilda Village Bay.jpg St Kilda, Scotland mixed site
Saltaire Saltaire from Leeds and Liverpool Canal.jpg Saltaire, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England cultural site
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites Stonehenge back wide.jpg Wiltshire, England cultural site — Stonehenge, Avebury
Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey Fountains Abbey view02 2005-08-27.jpg North Yorkshire, England cultural site
Tower of London Tower of London, Traitors Gate.jpg Tower Hamlets, London cultural site
Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church Palace of Westminster.jpg Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey, London cultural site

Tentative list

The "Tentative List" is an list of important heritage and natural sites that a country is considering adding to the World Heritage List. The Tentative List can be updated at any time. Being on the list is needed for a site to be considered to be added within a five to ten year period.

There are 13 sites on the tentative list.

  1. Chatham Naval Dockyard, England
  2. Creswell Crags, England
  3. Darwin's Home and Workplace, England
  4. Flow Country, Scotland
  5. Forth Bridge, Scotland
  6. Gorham’s Cave Complex, Gibralter
  7. Island of St Helena, Saint Helena Island, South Atlantic Ocean
  8. Jodrell Bank Observatory, England
  9. Lake District, England
  10. Monastery of Wearmouth Jarrow
  11. Mousa, Old Scatness and Jarlshof: The Crucible of Iron Age Shetland, Scotland
  12. Slate Industry of North Wales
  13. Turks and Caicos Islands, Caribbean


Related pages

Images for kids


List of World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom Facts for Kids. Homework Help - Kiddle Encyclopedia.