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Inigo Jones
PortraitInigoJones.jpg
Portrait of Inigo Jones painted by William Hogarth in 1758 from a 1636 painting by Sir Anthony van Dyck
Personal information
Name Inigo Jones
Nationality England
Birth date 15 July 1573
Birth place London, England
Date of death 21 June 1652(1652-06-21) (aged 78)
Place of death Somerset House, London, England
Work
Buildings Banqueting House, Whitehall
Queen's House
Wilton House
Covent Garden

Inigo Jones (/ˈɪnɡ/; 15 July 1573 – 21 June 1652) was the first significant English architect (of Welsh ancestry) in the early modern period, and the first to employ Vitruvian rules of proportion and symmetry in his buildings. As the most notable architect in England, Jones was the first person to introduce the classical architecture of Rome and the Italian Renaissance to Britain. He left his mark on London by his design of single buildings, such as the Queen's House which is the first building in England designed in a pure classical style, and the Banqueting House, Whitehall, as well as the layout for Covent Garden square which became a model for future developments in the West End. He made major contributions to stage design by his work as theatrical designer for several dozen masques, most by royal command and many in collaboration with Ben Jonson.

Legacy

He was an influence on a number of 18th-century architects, notably Lord Burlington and William Kent. There is an Inigo Jones Road in Charlton, south east London (SE7), near Charlton House, some of whose features were allegedly designed by him.

A bridge in Llanrwst, North Wales, named "Pont Fawr" is also known locally as "Pont Inigo Jones"—Inigo Jones's Bridge. He is also said to be responsible for the Masonic Document called "The Inigo Jones Manuscript", from around 1607. A document of the Old Charges of Freemasonry.

  • Design for the completion of the central tower, old St Paul's Cathedral, not executed (c. 1608)
  • Design for the New Exchange in the Strand, London, not executed (c.1608)
  • The Queen's House, Greenwich (1616–1619), work suspended on the death of Anne of Denmark completed (1630–1635) for Henrietta Maria of France
  • Design for the Star Chamber building, not executed (1617)
  • Gateway at Oatlands Palace (1617), now at Chiswick House
  • Gateway at Arundel House (1618), demolished
  • Banqueting House, Whitehall (1619–22)
  • Prince's Lodging, Newmarket for Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (1619), demolished
  • The Queen's Chapel, St. James's Palace (1623–27), for Henrietta Maria of France
  • Fort Amsterdam (1625) – The Dutch East India Company asked Jones to design a stone fortification on the Hudson River, which he did, but the fort was built (by Cryn Fredericks) out of wood instead and was torn down in 1790.
  • The Cockpit Theatre, Palace of Whitehall (1629) demolished
  • Stoke Park Pavilions, Northamptonshire, attributed (c. 1629–35)
  • Somerset House Chapel (1630–35), demolished
  • Covent Garden, London, houses on the north and east side as well as St Paul's, Covent Garden on the west (1631–1637) only the church survives
  • Old St Paul's Cathedral, new west front and remodelling of the nave and transepts (1634–42) destroyed in the Great Fire of London
  • Wilton House, Wiltshire (1636–40) the interior burnt c.1647, rebuilt to the designs of John Webb (1648)
  • Sir Peter Killigrew's House, Blackfriars, London (1630s) not known if built
  • Palace of Whitehall, various schemes for the complete rebuilding of the palace (c. 1637–39)
  • Lord Maltravers's House, Lothbury, London (1638) if built destroyed in the Great Fire of London
  • Temple Bar, London, design for triumphal arch, not executed (1638)
  • Screen in Winchester Cathedral (c.1638), removed by the dean in 1820, and its central portion is now found in the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Cambridge, incorporated into the building as an architectural feature.
  • Design for a row of house in Lothbury for Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel (c.1638), destroyed in the Great Fire of London
  • Lindsey House, Lincoln's Inn Fields now numbers 59 & 60, attributed (c. 1638–40)
  • Milton Manor House, Milton, Abingdon, Oxfordshire
  • Coleshill House, Berkshire (designed by Jones and executed by Roger Pratt)

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