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Turks and Caicos Islands facts for kids

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Turks and Caicos Islands
Flag of Turks and Caicos Islands
Official seal of Turks and Caicos Islands
Coat of arms
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"
National song: "This Land of Ours"
Location of  Turks and Caicos Islands  (circled in red)
Location of  Turks and Caicos Islands  (circled in red)
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Treaty of Paris 3 September 1783
Federation 3 January 1958
Separate colony 31 May 1962
Capital Cockburn Town
Largest city Providenciales
Official languages English
Ethnic groups
88% Afro-Caribbean
8% Caucasian
4% mixed and East Indian
Demonym(s) Turks and Caicos Islander
Government Dependency under constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Governor
Nigel Dakin
• Deputy Governor
Anya Williams
• Premier
Sharlene Cartwright-Robinson
Legislature House of Assembly
• Total
616.3 km2 (238.0 sq mi)
• Water (%)
Highest elevation
157 ft (48 m)
• 2020 estimate
42,953 (215th)
• 2012 census
Currency United States dollar (US$) (USD)
Time zone UTC-05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)
UTC-04:00 (EDT)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Driving side left
Calling code +1-649
UK postcode
ISO 3166 code TC
Internet TLD .tc

The Turks and Caicos Islands are two groups of islands in the Caribbean Sea, near the Bahamas. The islands lie southeast of Mayaguana in the Bahamas island chain and north of the island of Hispaniola. Cockburn Town, the capital since 1766, is in the Grand Turk Island about 1,042 kilometres (647 mi) east-southeast of Miami, United States.

The islands have a total land area of 616.3 square kilometres (238.0 sq mi). and they are on a tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.


The government of Great Britain is also the ruler of the Turks and Caicos, but that ruler always acts through a governor. There are local elections for premier (similar to a president). Government offices are in the Grand Turk Island.


Map of the Turks and Caicos Islands.

The two island groups are in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of the Bahamas, north of Hispaniola, at 21°45′N 71°35′W / 21.750°N 71.583°W / 21.750; -71.583. The Caicos Islands are separated by the Caicos Passage from the closest Bahamian islands, Mayaguana and Great Inagua.

The eight main islands and more than 299 smaller islands have a total land area of 616.3 square kilometres (238.0 sq mi), consisting primarily of low, flat limestone with extensive marshes and mangrove swamps and 332 square kilometres (128 sq mi) of beach front. The weather is usually sunny and relatively dry, but hurricanes are frequent during summer. The islands have limited natural fresh water resources; private cisterns collect rainwater for drinking. The primary natural resources are spiny lobster, conch and other shellfish.

Turks Islands

The Turks Islands are separated from the Caicos Islands by Turks Island Passage, which is more than 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) deep, The islands form a chain that goes from north to south.

There are only two inhabited islands, and these are:

  • Grand Turk. Here is the capital city, Cockburn Town, of the Turks and Caicos Islands, and all government offices are here. There is an international airport.
  • Salt Cay. It is the second largest of the Turks Islands. The main income used to be salt, but now it is tourism.

Caicos Islands

The inhabited islands of the group are:

  • North Caicos is the largest island in the country.
  • Middle Caicos is the second largest island in the country.
  • South Caicos, or The Big South, is the fishing capital of the country.
  • Providenciales, or more commonly known as "Provo". In this island is the "Providenciales International Airport" and there are many holiday resorts. A large coral reef is situated to the north of the island.
  • Ambergris Cay
  • Pine Cay
  • Parrot Cay


Turks and Caicos Islands features a relatively dry and sunny marine tropical climate with relatively consistent temperatures throughout the course of the year. The temperature during summer rarely is over 33 °C (91 °F) and during winter rarely is below 18 °C (64 °F).



Eight of the thirty islands in the territory are inhabited, with a total population in 2012 of 31,458: 16,037 males and 15,421 females. The population density is 214 persons per square mile.

Total population by island 2001-2012
Island Area
2001 2012 !style="background: #CCC;" class="unsortable"|Change
Turks Islands
Grand Turk 17.39 3,976 4,831 21.5%
Salt Cay 6.74 120 108 -10%
Caicos Islands
South Caicos 21.21 1,063 1,139 7.1%
Middle Caicos 144.22 301 168 -44.2%
North Caicos 116.43 1,347 1,312 -2.6%
Parrot Cay 5.63 58 131 125.9%
Providenciales 122.20 13,021 23,769 82.5%
Turks and Caicos Islands 19,886 31,458 58.2%


The official language of the islands is English and the population also speaks Turks and Caicos Islands Creole which is similar to Bahamian Creole. Due to its close proximity to Cuba and Hispaniola, large Haitian Creole and Spanish-speaking communities have developed in the territory due to immigration from Creole-speaking Haiti and from Spanish-speaking Cuba and Dominican Republic.


The people of Turks and Caicos was 72.8% Protestant (35.8% Baptists, 11.7% Church of God, 10% Anglicans, 9.3% Methodists, 6% Seventh-Day Adventists), 11.4% Catholics, 1.8% Jehovah's Witnesses, and 14% other.


This is a list of cities in the Turks and Caicos Islands.

Cockburn Town
A street in Cockburn Town, the capital of the Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Blue Hills
  • Bottle Creek
  • Conch Bar
  • Cockburn Harbour
  • Cockburn Town
  • Grace Bay Garden Loop, Turks and caicos island
  • Balfour Town, Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Whitby, Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Kew, Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Sandy Point, Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Lorimers
  • Bambarra, Turks and Caicos Islands

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Islas Turcas y Caicos para niños

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