Helmand Province facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Helmand jan (هلمند)
Province
Country Afghanistan
Capital Lashkar Gah
 - coordinates
Area 58,584 km² (22,619 sq mi)
Population 1,441,769
Timezone UTC+4:30
Main language Pashto,
Map of Afghanistan with Helmand highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Helmand highlighted

Helmand (Pashto/Dari: هلمند) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the southwest of the country. Its capital is Lashkar Gah. The Helmand River flows through the mainly desert region, providing water for irrigation.

Helmand is the world's largest opium-producing region. It makes 75% of the world's total production. This is more than all of Burma, which is the second largest producing nation after Afghanistan. Afghan opium accounts for more than 90% of the global supply.

The current governor is Mohammad Golab Mangal (since March 2008).

Much of the fighting between NATO and Taliban forces is taking place in this province. Helmand is said to be a Taliban stronghold.

Border with Pakistan

Helmand has a southern border with the Balochistan province of Pakistan. Many domestic and international observers have criticized Pakistan's efforts towards securing the border against Taliban insurgents.

Cities

Helmand districts
Districts of Helmand

Demographics

The population is 1,441,769. The area is 58,584 square kilometres. Pashtuns are the majority estimated at 92% of the population. There are also Balochs who are in the south. Also there are small numbers of Hazara, Brahui and Tajik.

Districts

Districts of Helmand Province
District Capital Population Area Notes
Baghran 129,947
Dishu 29,005
Garmsir 107,153
Nahri Saraj 166,827 also known as Nahre Saraj
Kajaki 119,023
Khanashin (Reg) 17,333
Lashkargah 201,546
Musa Qala Musa Qala 138,896
Nad Ali 235,590
Nawa-I-Barakzayi 89,814
Nawzad 108,258
Sangin Sangin 213,901
Washir 31,476

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Helmand Province Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.