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Indiana, Pennsylvania
Borough
Downtown Indiana
Downtown Indiana
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Indiana
Settled 1805
Incorporated 1816
Area
 • Total 1.8 sq mi (5 km2)
Elevation 1,301 ft (397 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,975
 • Density 8,440.0/sq mi (3,258.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 15701
Website Indiana Borough

Indiana is a borough in and the county seat of Indiana County in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The population was 13,975 at the 2010 census, and since 2013 has been part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area after being a long time part of the Pittsburgh Media Market. Indiana is also the principal city of the Indiana, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The borough and the region as a whole promotes itself as the "Christmas Tree Capital of the World" because the national Christmas Tree Grower's Association was founded there. There are still a large number of Christmas tree farms in the area. The largest employer in the borough today is Indiana University of Pennsylvania, the largest of 14 PASSHE schools in the state.

History

The Indiana Weekly Messenger was published in the town between 1874 and 1946.

The Downtown Indiana Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. Also listed on the National Register are Breezedale, Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh Railway Indiana Passenger Station, Silas M. Clark House, Graff's Market, James Mitchell House, Old Indiana County Courthouse, Indiana Borough 1912 Municipal Building, Indiana Armory, Old Indiana County Jail and Sheriff's Office, and John Sutton Hall.

Indiana Mall is the area's major shopping center.

Geography

Indiana, Pennsylvania is located at 40°37′16″N 79°9′18″W / 40.62111°N 79.155°W / 40.62111; -79.155 (40.6211, -79.1549). The borough is an independent municipality surrounded by White Township. For some time in the 1990s there was discussion of merging the borough and township, but the matter was never acted upon.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 317
1830 433 36.6%
1840 674 55.7%
1850 963 42.9%
1860 1,331 38.2%
1870 1,605 20.6%
1880 1,907 18.8%
1890 1,963 2.9%
1900 4,142 111.0%
1910 5,749 38.8%
1920 7,043 22.5%
1930 9,569 35.9%
1940 10,050 5.0%
1950 11,743 16.8%
1960 13,005 10.7%
1970 16,100 23.8%
1980 16,051 −0.3%
1990 15,174 −5.5%
2000 14,895 −1.8%
2010 13,975 −6.2%
Est. 2015 14,100 0.9%
Sources:

As of the census of 2010, there were 13,975 people, and 4,624 households residing in the borough. The population density in 2000 was 8,440.0 people per square mile (3,267.6/km²). There were 5,096 housing units at an average density of 2,887.6 per square mile (1,117.9/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.51% White, 5.19% African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.89% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.

There were 4,804 households, out of which 14.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.5% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 65.3% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 8.2% under the age of 18, 59.4% from 18 to 24, 13.7% from 25 to 44, 10.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $21,279, and the median income for a family was $47,768. Males had a median income of $32,333 versus $27,831 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $12,317. About 11.2% of families and 44.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.3% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.

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