kids encyclopedia robot

Indiana, Pennsylvania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Indiana, Pennsylvania
Borough
Downtown Indiana
Downtown Indiana
Location of Indiana in Indiana County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Indiana in Indiana County, Pennsylvania.
Lua error in Module:Location_map at line 412: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Coordinates: 40°37′N 79°9′W / 40.617°N 79.150°W / 40.617; -79.150Coordinates: 40°37′N 79°9′W / 40.617°N 79.150°W / 40.617; -79.150
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Indiana
Settled 1805
Incorporated 1816
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area
 • Total 1.76 sq mi (4.57 km2)
 • Land 1.76 sq mi (4.56 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
1,301 ft (397 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 13,975
 • Estimate 
(2019)
13,167
 • Density 7,485.50/sq mi (2,889.70/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip code
15701
FIPS code 42-36816

Indiana is a borough in and the county seat of Indiana County in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The population was 13,975 at the 2010 census, and since 2013 has been part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area after being a long time part of the Pittsburgh and Johnstown television markets. Indiana is also the principal city of the Indiana, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The borough and the region as a whole promotes itself as the "Christmas Tree Capital of the World" because the national Christmas Tree Grower's Association was founded there. There are still many Christmas tree farms in the area. The largest employer in the borough today is Indiana University of Pennsylvania, the second-largest of 14 PASSHE schools in the state.

History

The Indiana Weekly Messenger was published in the town between 1874 and 1946.

The Downtown Indiana Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. Also listed on the National Register are Breezedale, Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh Railway Indiana Passenger Station, Silas M. Clark House, Graff's Market, James Mitchell House, Old Indiana County Courthouse, Indiana Borough 1912 Municipal Building, Indiana Armory, Old Indiana County Jail and Sheriff's Office, and John Sutton Hall.

Indiana Mall is the area's major shopping center.

Geography

Indiana, Pennsylvania is located at 40°37′16″N 79°9′18″W / 40.62111°N 79.15500°W / 40.62111; -79.15500 (40.6211, -79.1549). The borough is an independent municipality surrounded by White Township. For some time in the 1990s there was discussion of merging the borough and township, but the matter was never acted upon.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 317
1830 433 36.6%
1840 674 55.7%
1850 963 42.9%
1860 1,331 38.2%
1870 1,605 20.6%
1880 1,907 18.8%
1890 1,963 2.9%
1900 4,142 111.0%
1910 5,749 38.8%
1920 7,043 22.5%
1930 9,569 35.9%
1940 10,050 5.0%
1950 11,743 16.8%
1960 13,005 10.7%
1970 16,100 23.8%
1980 16,051 −0.3%
1990 15,174 −5.5%
2000 14,895 −1.8%
2010 13,975 −6.2%
2019 (est.) 13,167 −5.8%
Sources:

As of the census of 2010, there were 13,975 people, and 4,624 households residing in the borough. The population density in 2000 was 8,440.0 people per square mile (3,267.6/km2). There were 5,096 housing units at an average density of 2,887.6 per square mile (1,117.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.51% White, 5.19% African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.89% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.

There were 4,804 households, out of which 14.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.5% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 65.3% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 8.2% under the age of 18, 59.4% from 18 to 24, 13.7% from 25 to 44, 10.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $21,279, and the median income for a family was $47,768. Males had a median income of $32,333 versus $27,831 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $12,317. About 11.2% of families and 44.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.3% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Suttonhall
Postcard depicting Sutton Hall at IUP

Indiana University of Pennsylvania (or IUP) is a public university founded in 1875, originally founded as a Normal School.

For public K-12 education, the Indiana Area School District supports four neighborhood elementary schools (Eisenhower, Horace Mann, East Pike, and Ben Franklin), a junior high school (Indiana Area Junior High School), and a high school (Indiana Area Senior High School), which are accredited and recognized for quality. A Catholic-affiliated Pre-K through grade 6 program is offered at the St. Bernard School, in addition to other various parochial schools for different denominations.

Early care and education programs for pre-k children are available. The non-profit IndiKids or (Indiana County Child Day Care Centers) offers NAEYC-accredited care for children of students and community members on the campus of IUP and throughout the community.

Notable people

Annex - Stewart, James (Call Northside 777) 01
James Stewart (1948)

Indiana was the birthplace and hometown of actor Jimmy Stewart (1908–1997), who was born there and lived at 104 North 7th Street. Despite the fact that he left the area upon graduating from high school, the town always followed his career closely, with the local newspaper periodically publishing rumors in his later years that Stewart planned to return there to live. On May 20, 1983, Stewart was given a 75th birthday celebration by the town. Before Stewart's death, a museum to his memory was opened on the third floor of the local public library, and a bronze statue of Stewart was erected in his honor at the county courthouse during his 75th birthday. The town annually holds a Jimmy Stewart film festival as part of the town's "It's a Wonderful Life" holiday celebration.

Environmentalist author Edward Abbey (1927–1989) was born at the Indiana hospital and raised in Indiana and near the Indiana County towns and villages of Saltsburg, Home, and Tanoma. His first novel, Jonathan Troy (1954), is set entirely in a thinly disguised Indiana, and his novel The Fool's Progress (1988), which he called his "fat masterpiece", is an autobiographical account of his growing up in this area and his imagined attempt to return home after a lifetime spent mostly in the desert Southwest. His nonfiction book Appalachian Wilderness (1970) lovingly describes Indiana and Home. There is a Pennsylvania state historical marker for Abbey.

  • James H. Bronson, Medal of Honor recipient in American Civil War
  • Renée Fleming, Lyric Soprano and National Medal of Arts recipient who has sung in world's most prestigious opera houses; Tony Award nominee for Rodgers and Hammerstein's Carousel
  • Connie Kunkle (1958-2016), Former ShopHQ host, singer and television personality
  • Chris Kuzneski, author
  • Ernest W. Lewis, Arizona territorial jurist
  • Paul McCandless, Grammy Award-winning jazz woodwind player and composer
  • Jim Nance, football player inducted into New England Patriots Hall of Fame in 2009, was born in Indiana and graduated from Indiana High School
  • Sandy McPeak, actor
  • Harriet Earhart Monroe (1842–1927), lecturer, educator, writer, traveling producer of religious stage plays
  • Tawni O'Dell, author
  • Michael Ryan, Major League Baseball player
  • Joe Saylor, Jazz percussionist for Stay Human
  • Edward Scofield, 19th Governor of Wisconsin; lived in Indiana, PA
  • Steve Wheatcroft, professional golfer
  • Mary Wiggins, composer
  • Jack Sonni, guitarist and writer
kids search engine
Indiana, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.