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Joseph-Ignace Guillotin
Anonymous - Portrait de Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (1738-1814), médecin et homme politique. - P1052 - Musée Carnavalet (cropped).jpg
Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (Musée Carnavalet, Paris)
Born (1738-05-28)28 May 1738
Died 26 March 1814(1814-03-26) (aged 75)
Resting place Père Lachaise Cemetery
Nationality French
Education Irish College, Bordeaux
Reims University
University of Paris
Occupation Physician
Known for Proposing a painless method for executions, inspiring the guillotine

Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ( 28 May 1738 – 26 March 1814) was a French physician, politician, and freemason who proposed on 10 October 1789 the use of a device to carry out death penalties in France, as a less painful method of execution than existing methods. Although he did not invent the guillotine and opposed the death penalty, his name became an eponym for it. The actual inventor of the prototype was a man named Tobias Schmidt, working with the king's physician, Antoine Louis.

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