Kabul River facts for kids
|City||Kabul, Surobi, Jalalabad (Afghanistan);
Peshawar, Charsadda, Nowshera (Pakistan)
|Main source||Hindu Kush Mountains
Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan
2,400 m (7,900 ft)
|River mouth||Indus River
Attock, Punjab, Pakistan
|Length||700 km (430 mi)|
|Basin size||66,000 km2 (25,000 sq mi)|
The Kabul River is a 700-kilometre (430 mi) long river that emerges in Maidan Wardak Province in the Sanglakh Range of the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan, and is separated from the watershed (drainage basin) of the Helmand River by the Unai Pass. The Kabul River empties into the Indus River near Attock, Pakistan. It is the main river in eastern Afghanistan.
The Kabul River is little more than a trickle for most of the year, but swells in summer due to melting snows in the Hindu Kush Range. Its largest tributary is the Kunar River, which starts out as the Mastuj River, flowing from the Chiantar glacie in Brughil valley in Chitral, Pakistan and after flowing south into Afghanistan it is met by the Bashgal river flowing from Nurestan.
The Kunar meets the Kabul near Jalalabad. In spite of the Kunar carrying more water than the Kabul, the river continues as the Kabul River after this confluence, mainly for the political and historical significance of the name.
The Kabul River is impounded by several dams. The Naghlu, Surobi, and Darunta dams are located in the Kabul and Nangarhar provinces of Afghanistan. The Warsak Dam is in the Valley of Peshawar in Pakistan, approximately 20 km northwest of the city of Peshawar.
Images for kids
Buddhist caves, which have been carved into a set of cliffs on the north side of the Kabul river
Kabul River Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.