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Keystone, West Virginia
U.S. Route 52 in the city's southwest
U.S. Route 52 in the city's southwest
Location of Keystone in McDowell County, West Virginia.
Location of Keystone in McDowell County, West Virginia.
Country United States
State West Virginia
County McDowell
Area
 • Total 0.32 sq mi (0.84 km2)
 • Land 0.32 sq mi (0.84 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,631 ft (497 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 282
 • Estimate 
(2019)
223
 • Density 688.27/sq mi (265.98/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
24852
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-43516
GNIS feature ID 1554871
Website City of Keystone

Keystone is a city in McDowell County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 282 at the 2010 census. Keystone is one of the few municipalities in West Virginia with an African-American majority, with 65 percent of the residents being black.

The term "Free State of McDowell" was coined by Matthew Thomas Whittico, a local newspaper editor and community leader from Keystone in the early 20th century. Keystone possessed a unique combination of political, social, and economic characteristics that made it an attractive place for African-Americans to migrate to in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

Geography

Keystone is located at 37°24′54″N 81°26′46″W / 37.41500°N 81.44611°W / 37.41500; -81.44611 (37.415119, −81.446082).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.32 square miles (0.83 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,088
1910 2,047 88.1%
1920 1,839 −10.2%
1930 1,897 3.2%
1940 2,942 55.1%
1950 2,594 −11.8%
1960 1,457 −43.8%
1970 1,008 −30.8%
1980 902 −10.5%
1990 627 −30.5%
2000 453 −27.8%
2010 282 −37.7%
2019 (est.) 223 −20.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 282 people, 122 households, and 74 families living in the city. The population density was 881.3 inhabitants per square mile (340.3/km2). There were 183 housing units at an average density of 571.9 per square mile (220.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 34.4% White, 65.2% African American, and 0.4% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 122 households, of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.7% were married couples living together, 25.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.3% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23% were from 25 to 44; 31.9% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 41.5% male and 58.5% female.

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