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Kinetic energy Facts for Kids. *Kiddle Encyclopedia.*

**Kinetic energy** is the energy that an object has because of its motion. This energy can be converted into other kinds, such as gravitational or electric potential energy, which is the energy that an object has because of its position in a gravitational or electric field.

The **translational kinetic energy** of an object is:

where

- is the mass (resistance to linear acceleration or deceleration);
- is the linear velocity.

The **rotational kinetic energy** of an object is:

where

- is the moment of inertia (resistance to angular acceleration or deceleration, equal to the product of the mass and the square of its perpendicular distance from the axis of rotation);
- is the angular velocity.

All content from Kiddle encyclopedia articles (including the article images and facts) can be freely used under Attribution-ShareAlike license, unless stated otherwise. Cite this article:

Kinetic energy Facts for Kids.