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King County, Texas facts for kids

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King County
King County Courthouse in Guthrie
King County Courthouse in Guthrie
Map of Texas highlighting King County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1891
Named for William Philip King
Seat Guthrie
Largest community Guthrie
 • Total 913 sq mi (2,360 km2)
 • Land 911 sq mi (2,360 km2)
 • Water 2.5 sq mi (6 km2)  0.3%
 • Total 265
 • Density 0.2903/sq mi (0.11207/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th

King County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 265, making it the second-smallest county in Texas and the third-smallest county in the United States. King County has no incorporated communities. Its county seat is the Census Designated Place of Guthrie. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1891. It is named for William Philip King, who died at the Battle of the Alamo.


Native Americans

Apache and Comanche were early tribes in the area. The Red River War of 1874-1875 was a United States Army campaign to force the removal of Natives in Texas and their relocation to reservations, to open the region to white settlers.

County established

On August 21, 1876, the Texas legislature formed King County from Bexar County. By 1880 the United States Census counted forty residents in the county. In 1891, the county was organized. Guthrie was designated as the county seat.

George Preston Humphreys monument, King Co., TX IMG 6229
Monument off U.S. Highway 83 to George Preston Humphreys (1899-1979), the manager of the 6666 Ranch, who also served as King County sheriff from 1928-1948

Early ranchers preserved water by damming canyons and draws to hold the heavy spring rains. In the 1890s windmills became the method of water preservation. Some of the earliest settlers were Isom Lynn, A. C. Tackett, Brants Baker, and Bud Arnett. The Four Sixes Ranch. was established in 1902 by Samuel Burk Burnet. The formerly-named Pitchfork Land and Cattle Company was organized in 1883, and SMS ranches were established during the same time frame. The 6666 (called Four Sixes Ranch), also founded in 1883, was managed from 1965–1986 by Jim Humphreys, who was also affiliated with the National Ranching Heritage Center in Lubbock.

Dumont was formed in the late 19th century. By that time, farmers began to share the land with ranchers. Cotton was the leading crop for a time, followed by corn, sorghum, and fruit trees.

Oil was discovered in the county in 1943. By January 1, 1991, almost 114,403,000 barrels (18,188,600 m3) of oil had been pumped from King County lands since the first wells were drilled.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 913 square miles (2,360 km2), of which 911 square miles (2,360 km2) is land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 82.svg Texas 114.svg U.S. Highway 82 / State Highway 114
  • US 83.svg U.S. Highway 83
  • Texas 222.svg State Highway 222

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 40
1890 173 332.5%
1900 490 183.2%
1910 810 65.3%
1920 655 −19.1%
1930 1,193 82.1%
1940 1,066 −10.6%
1950 870 −18.4%
1960 640 −26.4%
1970 464 −27.5%
1980 425 −8.4%
1990 354 −16.7%
2000 356 0.6%
2010 286 −19.7%
2020 265 −7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

King County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 242 230 84.62% 86.79%
Black or African American alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 1 0 0.35% 0.00%
Asian alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 4 0.00% 1.51%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 4 6 1.40% 2.26%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 39 25 13.64% 9.43%
Total 286 265 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.


There are no incorporated areas in King County.

  • King County from the Handbook of Texas Online


The primary industries are raising beef cattle (since the late 19th century), and oil production (since 1943). Corn and cotton are the leading planted farm crops.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de King (Texas) para niños

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