Kingdom of Navarre facts for kids

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Kingdom of Navarre

824 (traditional)–1841
Flag of Navarre
Flag
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Coat of arms
Kingdom of Navarre in 1400 (dark green).
Kingdom of Navarre in 1400 (dark green).
Capital Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea)
Government Feudal monarchy
Monarch  
• 824–851/2
Íñigo Arista (first)
• 1610–1620
Louis II (last. French kingdom)
• 1830–1841
Isabel II of Spain (last. Spanish kingdom)
Historical era Middle Ages
• Established
824 (traditional)
• Disestablished
1841
Succeeded by
Early modern France
Crown of Castile
Habsburg Spain
Today part of  Spain
 France

The Kingdom of Navarre, originally the Kingdom of Pamplona, was a Basque-based kingdom that occupied lands on either side of the western Pyrenees, alongside the Atlantic Ocean between present-day Spain and France.

It was a was a small kingdom that existed from 841 to 1820. The kingdom was located roughly in the Basque Country on both sides of the Pyrenees mountains. In 1512, it was split into a Spanish part, and a French part. In 1620, the French part, called Lower Navarre was merged with France. The Spanish part existed until 1820. The capital of the kingdom was Pamplona.

Today, significant parts of the ancient Kingdom of Navarre comprise the Spanish autonomous communities of Navarre, Comunidad Autónoma Vasca and La Rioja and the French community of Pays Basque.

Following the 1839–1841 treaties, conflict with Madrid's central government contributed to the Third Carlist War, largely centred in the Basque districts (over in 1876). Myriad parties and factions emerged in Navarre demanding different degrees of restoration of native institutions and laws. Catholicism and traditionalism became major driving forces behind Navarre politics.

Territory today

Léonard Limosin - Portrait of Marguerite of Navarre - Walters 44504
Marguerite of Angouleme married Henry of Navarre and became queen of the tiny kingdom of Navarre

The territory formerly known as Navarre now belongs to two nations, Spain and France, depending on whether it lies south or north of the Western Pyrenees. The Basque language is still spoken in most of the provinces.

Today, Navarre is an autonomous community of Spain and Basse-Navarre is part of France's Pyrénées-Atlantiques département. Other former Navarrese territories belong now to several autonomous communities of Spain: the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country, La Rioja, Aragon, and Castile and León.

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