Louis XIII of France facts

Louis XIII
King of France and Navarre
Reign 14 May 1610 – 14 May 1643
france 17 October 1610
Predecessor Henry IV and III
Successor Louis XIV
Regent Marie de' Medici (1610–1614)
Spouse Anne of Austria
Louis XIV, King of France
Philippe, Duke of Orléans
House House of Bourbon
Father Henry IV of France
Mother Marie de' Medici
Born (1601-09-27)27 September 1601
Château de Fontainebleau, France
Died 14 May 1643(1643-05-14) (aged 41)
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Burial Royal Basilica of Saint Denis
Religion Roman Catholicism

Louis XIII of France (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was King of France from 1610 to 1643. He was the son of Henry IV and Marie de' Medici. He lived during the time of the Thirty Years War and had to deal with many rebellions. He was proud of his country, and tried to encourage French artists to stay in France instead of going off to Italy. He did this by giving them work in the Louvre.

Although he was married, people thought that he would never produce an heir. Then, after 23 years of marriage, his wife Anne gave birth to a baby boy. He was to become King Louis XIV of France.

He died of Crohn's disease in 1643 and was later buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, France. His oldest son would succeed him on the throne.


  1. King Louis XIV of France (5 September 1638–1 September 1715) married Marie Thérèse of Austria.
  2. Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans (21 September 1640 – 9 June 1701) married Henrietta of England then Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate.


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