La Junta, Colorado facts for kids

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La Junta, Colorado
Municipality
Woodruff Block, built 1892.  1985 photo, Historic American Buildings Survey.
Woodruff Block, built 1892. 1985 photo, Historic American Buildings Survey.
Official seal of La Junta, Colorado
Seal
Location in Otero County and the State of Colorado
Location in Otero County and the State of Colorado
Country  United States
State  State of Colorado
County Otero County Seat
Incorporated April 23, 1881
Area
 • Total 2.9 sq mi (7.4 km2)
 • Land 2.9 sq mi (7.4 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 4,078 ft (1,243 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,077
 • Density 2,609.7/sq mi (1,022.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 81050
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-42110
GNIS feature ID 0204829
Website City of La Junta, Colorado

La Junta is the Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Otero County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 7,077 at the 2010 United States Census. La Junta is located on the Arkansas River in southeastern Colorado east of Pueblo.

History

La Junta (Spanish for "the junction") was named for the fact it rested at the intersection of the Santa Fe Trail and a pioneer road to Pueblo. The town developed near Bent's Post, a fur trading post of the 19th century.

During World War II, La Junta had an Army Air Force Training Base outside town. An Air Force detachment of the Strategic Air Command remained there until modern flight simulators developed in the 1980s rendered live flight unnecessary for pilot training maneuvers. At least one military aircraft crashed close by during such training maneuvers.

The airport, located 5 miles (8.0 km) north of La Junta, has 77 acres (31 ha) of tarmac and two runways which are still in use. One runway (east-west) is 6,851 feet (2,088 m) long and the other is 5,800 feet (1,800 m). [1].

Lajuntatrain
This railroad caboose serves as the drive-up window for The State Bank.

The Caboose (pictured here) is the drive-through for the State Bank, which was established in 1893. The bank has been remodeled with antiques, including a teller line from the late 1890s.

Geography and climate

La Junta is located at 37°58′53″N 103°32′51″W / 37.98139°N 103.5475°W / 37.98139; -103.5475 (37.981333, -103.547540). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), all of it land. The area is high plains terrain, dry with short grass prairie and sagebrush, and is part of the Southwestern Tablelands ecological region. This area of Colorado is often the warmest. Summer brings numerous days above 100 °F (38 °C). On July 20, 2005, many cities in this region broke or tied heat records. La Junta reached 107 °F (42 °C) with an overnight low of 87 °F (31 °C). However, the all-time record high for La Junta occurred on July 20, 1998 with a temperature of 113 °F (45 °C).

Climate data for La Junta Municipal Airport (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 45.5
(7.5)
49.3
(9.61)
60.0
(15.56)
68.6
(20.33)
78.3
(25.72)
88.9
(31.61)
94.3
(34.61)
91.4
(33)
83.3
(28.5)
70.2
(21.22)
56.3
(13.5)
45.0
(7.22)
69.3
(20.72)
Average low °F (°C) 17.4
(-8.11)
21.1
(-6.06)
29.5
(-1.39)
37.6
(3.11)
47.9
(8.83)
57.4
(14.11)
63.0
(17.22)
61.5
(16.39)
52.0
(11.11)
38.6
(3.67)
26.3
(-3.17)
17.5
(-8.06)
39.2
(4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.28
(7.1)
0.35
(8.9)
0.81
(20.6)
1.31
(33.3)
1.60
(40.6)
1.31
(33.3)
1.85
(47)
1.52
(38.6)
0.81
(20.6)
0.83
(21.1)
0.38
(9.7)
0.27
(6.9)
11.34
(288)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.3
(8.4)
3.1
(7.9)
4.7
(11.9)
2.0
(5.1)
0.7
(1.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
0.7
(1.8)
2.8
(7.1)
2.9
(7.4)
21.2
(53.8)
Source: NOAA

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,439
1900 2,513 74.6%
1910 4,154 65.3%
1920 4,964 19.5%
1930 7,193 44.9%
1940 7,040 −2.1%
1950 7,712 9.5%
1960 8,026 4.1%
1970 8,205 2.2%
1980 8,338 1.6%
1990 7,637 −8.4%
2000 7,568 −0.9%
2010 7,077 −6.5%
Est. 2015 6,951 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

There were 7,568 people, 2,977 households, and 1,964 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,652.0 people per square mile (1,025.3/km²). There were 3,277 housing units at an average density of 1,148.3 per square mile (443.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.22% White, 1.22% African American, 1.77% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 18.33% from other races, and 3.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.60% of the population.

There were 2,977 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,002, and the median income for a family was $36,398. Males had a median income of $26,325 versus $21,324 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,928. About 16.8% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.4% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Attractions

  • Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site, an important trading post along the Santa Fe Trail, is northeast of La Junta.
  • Koshare Indian Museum, housed at Otero Junior College, holds a collection of Native American artifacts. The Koshare Indian museum hosts a unique Boy Scout/Explorer program which trains the Scouts in both Indian dance and costumes. The Scouts give dance performances during the summer and also host many other Scout troops passing through the area.
  • Purgatoire River track site, one of the largest dinosaur track sites in North America, is south of La Junta.

Popular culture

Location Filming

  • The Terrence Malick motion picture Badlands (1973), starring Martin Sheen and Sissy Spacek filmed scenes in and around La Junta.
  • Richard Fleischer's Mr. Majestyk (1974), starring Charles Bronson, used several exteriors and interiors in La Junta, including the hospital and police station, as well as the downtown gun battle and parts of the car chase.
  • In 1979, the first episodes of the CBS western miniseries The Chisholms, starring Robert Preston, were filmed near La Junta.
  • Scenes for the award-winning 1978-79 TV mini-series, Centennial, were filmed at Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site, just east of La Junta.

Gallery


La Junta, Colorado Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.