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Lafayette County, Mississippi facts for kids

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Lafayette County
Lafayette County courthouse in Oxford
Lafayette County courthouse in Oxford
Map of Mississippi highlighting Lafayette County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Mississippi
Founded 1836
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Oxford
Largest city Oxford
Area
 • Total 679 sq mi (1,760 km2)
 • Land 632 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Water 47 sq mi (120 km2)  7.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2014)
52,930
 • Density 60/sq mi (24/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st

Lafayette County is a county in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,351. Its county seat is Oxford. The local pronunciation of the name is "la-FAY-et". The county's name honors Marquis de Lafayette, a French military hero and American general who fought during the American Revolutionary War.

The Oxford, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Lafayette County.

Lafayette County is often regarded as the inspiration for Yoknapatawpha County, the fictional setting of many of William Faulkner's stories.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 679 square miles (1,760 km2), of which 632 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 47 square miles (120 km2) (7.0%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 278.svg U.S. Route 278
  • Circle sign 6.svg Mississippi Highway 6
  • Circle sign 7.svg Mississippi Highway 7
  • Circle sign 9W.svg Mississippi Highway 9W
  • Circle sign 30.svg Mississippi Highway 30
  • Circle sign 334.svg Mississippi Highway 334
  • Circle sign 331.svg Mississippi Highway 331
  • Circle sign 315.svg Mississippi Highway 315

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Holly Springs National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,531
1850 14,069 115.4%
1860 16,125 14.6%
1870 18,802 16.6%
1880 21,671 15.3%
1890 20,553 −5.2%
1900 22,110 7.6%
1910 21,883 −1.0%
1920 19,243 −12.1%
1930 19,978 3.8%
1940 21,257 6.4%
1950 22,798 7.2%
1960 21,355 −6.3%
1970 24,181 13.2%
1980 31,030 28.3%
1990 31,826 2.6%
2000 38,744 21.7%
2010 47,351 22.2%
Est. 2015 53,154 12.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 38,744 people, 14,373 households, and 8,321 families residing in the county. The population density was 61 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 16,587 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.85% White, 25.05% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.67% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 1.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest European ancestry groups in Lafayette county are:

Many people in Mississippi may claim Irish ancestry because of the term "Scots-Irish", but most of the time in Mississippi this term is used for those with Scottish roots, rather than Irish.

In 2000, there were 14,373 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.20% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.10% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.50% under the age of 18, 27.10% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 17.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,517, and the median income for a family was $42,910. Males had a median income of $30,964 versus $21,207 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,406. About 10.20% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 19.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

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City

Town

Census-designated place

  • University

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

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