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Licio Gelli
Licio Gelli in paramenti.jpg
Gelli in 1981
Born (1919-04-21)April 21, 1919
Died December 15, 2015(2015-12-15) (aged 96)
Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy
Nationality Italian
Occupation Financier, freemason, politics
Organization Propaganda Due (until 1982)
Political party National Fascist Party
Republican Fascist Party
Spouse(s) Wanda Vannacci (1944-1993; her death)
Gabriela Vasile (2006-2015; his death)
Children Raffaello (1947)
Maria Rosa (1956)
Maurizio (1959)

Licio Gelli (Italian pronunciation: [ˈlitʃo ˈdʒɛlli]; April 21, 1919 – December 15, 2015) was an Italian financier, politician, and writer. He was known for his role in the Banco Ambrosiano scandal. He was revealed in 1981 as being the Venerable Master of the clandestine lodge Propaganda Due (P2).

Early life

Gelli was born in Pistoia, Tuscany. During the 1930s, Gelli volunteered for the Blackshirts expeditionary forces sent by Mussolini in support of Francisco Franco's rebellion in the Spanish Civil War.

Nobel Prize nomination

In 1996, Gelli was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature, supported by Mother Teresa and Naguib Mahfouz.


Gelli died in Arezzo, Tuscany from respiratory failure at the age of 96.

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