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Naguib Mahfouz facts for kids

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نجيب محفوظ
Naguib Mahfouz
Necip Mahfuz.jpg
Born (1911-12-11)December 11, 1911
Cairo, Egypt
Died August 30, 2006(2006-08-30) (aged 94)
Cairo, Egypt
Occupation Novelist
Nationality Egypt

Naguib Mahfouz (December 11, 1911–August 30, 2006) was an Egyptian novelist who won the 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature.

He managed to modernize Arabic literature. He is one of the few writers of Arabic literature who explored themes of existentialism.


Naguib Mahfouz was born in the Gamaliya quarter of Cairo and was named after Professor Naguib Pasha Mahfouz (1882-1974), the renowned Coptic physician who delivered him. In his childhood Mahfouz read extensively. His mother often took him to museums and Egyptian history later became a major theme in many of his books.

The Egyptian Revolution of 1919 had a strong effect on Mahfouz, although he was at the time only seven years old. From the window he often saw English soldiers firing at the demonstrators

Before the Nobel Prize only a few of his novels had appeared in the West. Because of his outspoken support for Anwar el Sadat's treaty with Israel, his books were banned in many Arab countries until after he won the Nobel prize.

Like many Egyptian writers and intellectuals, Mahfouz was on a "death list" by Islamic fundamentalists. He defended Salman Rushdie after the Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini condemned him to death, but later he criticized Rushdie's Satanic Verses as "insulting" to Islam.

Before his death, Mahfouz was the oldest living Nobel Literature laureate and the third oldest of all time, only Bertrand Russell and Halldor Laxness were older. At the time of his death, he was the only Arabic-language writer to have won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Photo of Naguib Mahfouz hanged on Kirsha's café wall which was mentioned in his Midaq Alley novel
Photo of Naguib Mahfouz on wall of Kirsha's café, which was mentioned in his novel Midaq Alley
  • Old Egypt (1932) مصر القديمة
  • Whisper of Madness (1938)همس الجنون
  • Mockery of the Fates (1939) عبث الأقدار
  • Rhadopis of Nubia (1943) رادوبيس
  • The Struggle of Tyba (1944) كفاح طيبة
  • Modern Cairo (1945) القاهرة الجديدة
  • Khan al-Khalili (1945) خان الخليلى
  • Midaq Alley (1947) زقاق المدق
  • The Mirage (1948) السراب
  • The Beginning and The End (1950) بداية ونهاية
  • Cairo Trilogy (1956-57) الثلاثية
  • Palace Walk (1956) بين القصرين
  • Palace of Desire (1957) قصر الشوق
  • Sugar Street (1957) السكرية
  • Children of Gebelawi (1959) أولاد حارتنا
  • The Thief and the Dogs (1961) اللص والكلاب
  • Quail and Autumn (1962) السمان والخريف
  • God's World (1962) دنيا الله
  • Zaabalawi (1963)
  • The Search (1964) الطريق
  • The Beggar (1965) الشحاذ
  • Adrift on the Nile (1966) ثرثرة فوق النيل
  • Miramar (1967) ميرامار
  • The Pub of the Black Cat (1969) خمارة القط الأسود
  • A story without a beginning or an ending (1971)حكاية بلا بداية ولا نهاية
  • The Honeymoon (1971) شهر العسل
  • Mirrors (1972) المرايا
  • Love under the rain (1973) الحب تحت المطر
  • The Crime (1973) الجريمة
  • al-Karnak (1974) الكرنك
  • Respected Sir (1975) حضرة المحترم
  • The Harafish (1977) ملحمة الحرافيش
  • Love above the Pyramid Plateau (1979) الحب فوق هضبة الهرم
  • The Devil Preaches (1979) الشيطان يعظ
  • Love and the Veil (1980) عصر الحب
  • Arabian Nights and Days (1981) ليالى ألف ليلة
  • Wedding Song (1981) أفراح القبة
  • One hour remains (1982) الباقي من الزمن ساعة
  • The Journey of Ibn Fattouma (1983) رحلة إبن فطومة
  • Akhenaten, Dweller in Truth (1985) العائش فى الحقيقة
  • The Day the Leader was Killed (1985) يوم مقتل الزعيم
  • Fountain and Tomb (1988)
  • Echoes of an Autobiography (1994)
  • Dreams of the Rehabilitation Period (2004) أحلام فترة النقاهة
  • The Seventh Heaven (2005)

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