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List of reptiles of Spain facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

This is a list of all reptiles living in Spain, both in the Iberian Peninsula and other territories such as Ceuta, Melilla, the Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands (including marine reptiles that can be found on its shores). Both native and introduced species are included.

Order Testudines

Family Testudinidae

Testudinidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Testudo graeca Spur-thighed tortoise Areale T. graeca3.jpg
 VU 
Tortuga mora
Testudo hermanni Hermann's tortoise Areale Testudo hermanni.jpg
 EN 
Salamandra común

Family Emydidae

Emydidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Emys orbicularis European pond turtle Rangemap cistude.PNG
 LC 
Emys.jpg
Trachemys scripta Pond slider
 NT 
Roodwangsierschildpad.jpg

Family Geoemydidae

Geoemydidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Mauremys leprosa Spanish pond turtle Mauremys leprosa range Map.png
 NE 
Mauremys leprosa 01.JPG

Family Dermochelyidae

Dermochelyidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback sea turtle Lieux pontes tortues luth.png
 CR 
LeatherbackTurtle.jpg

Family Cheloniidae

Cheloniidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Caretta caretta Loggerhead sea turtle Distribution de C. caretta. Los círculos rojos representan los mayores anidamientos. Los amarillos son los de menor cuantía.
 EN 
Caretta caretta01.jpg
Chelonia mydas Green sea turtle Distribution de C. mydas. Los círculos rojos son sitios importantes de cría. Los círculos amarillos representan ubicaciones de menor importancia.
 EN 
Hawaii turtle 2.JPG
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill sea turtle Hawksbill turtle range map.png
 CR 
Hawksbill Turtle.jpg

Order Squamata

Family Chamaeleonidae

Chamaeleontidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Chamaeleo chamaeleon Common Chameleon Chamaeleo chamaeleon range Map.png
 NE 
Camaleón.jpg

Family Blanidae

Blanidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Blanus cinereus Iberian Worm Lizard Blanus cinereus distribution Map.png
 LC 
Culebrilla ciega
Blanus tingitanus - Blanus tingitanus range Map.png
 LC 

Family Agamidae

Agamidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Agama impalearis Bibron's agama Agama impalearis range Map.png
 NE 

Family Anguidae

Anguidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Anguis fragilis Slowworm Mapa Anguis fragilis.png
 NE 
Lución

Gekkota (families Gekkonidae, Sphaerodactylidae, Phyllodactylidae)

Gekkonidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Hemidactylus turcicus
Mediterranean house gecko
Mapa Hemidactylus turcicus.png
 LC 
Hemidactylus turcicus.jpg
Saurodactylus mauritanicus - Saurodactylus mauritanicus range Map.png
 LC 
Tarentola angustimentalis East Canary Gecko Tarentola angustimentalis range Map.png
 LC 
Perenquén Majorero.jpg
Tarentola boettgeri Boettger's Wall Gecko Tarentola boettgeri range Map.png
 LC 
Spiny gecko lanzarote.jpg
Tarentola delalandii Tenerife Gecko Tarentola delalandii range Map.png
 LC 
Tarentola delalandii.jpg
Tarentola gomerensis Gomero Wall Gecko Tarentola gomerensis range Map.png
 LC 
Tarentola gomerensis.JPG
Tarentola mauritanica Common or Moorish Wall Gecko, Salamanquesa, Crocodile gecko, European common gecko, Maurita naca gecko Tarentola mauritanica range map IUCN.png
 LC 
Tarentola mauritanica.jpg

Family Scincidae

Scincidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Chalcides bedriagai Bedriaga's Skink Chacides bedriagai range Map.png
 NT 
Eslizón ibérico
Chalcides coeruleopunctatus - Chalcides coeruleopunctatus.png
 NE 
Skink von Gomera.jpg
Chalcides colosii Riffian Skink, Colosi's Cylindrical Skink Chalcides colosii range Map.png
 LC 
Chalcides mauritanicus Two-Fingered Skink Chalcides mauritanicus range Map.png
 EN 
Chalcides minutus Small Three-Toed Skink Chalcides minutus range Map.png
 VU 
Chalcides ocellatus Ocellated Skink, Eyed Skink, gongilo Chalcides ocellatus range Map.png
 NE 
Chalcides ocellatus 03.JPG
Chalcides parallelus Doumergue's Skink Chalcides parallelus range Map.png
 EN 
Chalcides pseudostriatus Moroccan Three-toed Skink Chalcides pseudostriatus range Map.png
 NT 
Chalcides sexlineatus Gran Canaria Skink Chalcides sexlineatus range Map.png
 LC 
Gran Canaria Skink, Chalcides sexlineatus.jpg
Chalcides simonyi - Chalcides somonyi range map.png
 EN 
Chalcides striatus Western Three-toed Skink Chalcides striatus range Map.png
 LC 
Seps detail.jpg
Chalcides viridanus West Canary Skink, Lisa Dorada Chalcides viridanus range Map.png
 LC 
Skink von Gomera.jpg
Eumeces algeriensis Algerian Orange-Tailed Skink, Eumece D'Algerie, Bulán Eumeces algeriensis range Map.png
 LC 

Family Lacertidae

Lacertidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Acanthodactylus erythrurus Red-tailed Spiny-footed Lizard Mapa Acanthodactylus erythrurus.png
 LC 
Acanthodactylus erythrurus.jpg
Algyroides marchi Spanish Algyroides Algyroides marchi range Map.png
 EN 
Benny Trapp Algyroides marchi.jpg
Gallotia atlantica Atlantic Lizard Gallotia atlantica range Map.png
 LC 
GallotiaAtlantica.jpg
Gallotia auaritae La Palma Giant Lizard Gallotia auaritae range Map.png
 CR 
Gallotia bravoana La Gomera Giant Lizard Gallotia bravoana range Map.png
 CR 
Gallotia bravoana.jpg
Gallotia caesaris Boettger's Lizard Gallotia caesaris range Map.png
 LC 
Eidechse von Gomera.jpg
Gallotia galloti Tenerife Lizard, Western Canaries Lizard Gallotia galloti range Map.png
 LC 
Gallotia galloti male.jpg
Gallotia intermedia Tenerife Speckled Lizard Gallotia intermedia range Map.png
 CR 
Gallotia simonyi El Hierro Giant Lizard Gallotia simonyi range Map.png
 CR 
Gallotia simonyi.jpg
Gallotia stehlini Gran Canaria Giant Lizard Gallotia stehlini range Map.png
 LC 
Gallotia stehlini -Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain-8.jpg
Iberolacerta aranica Aran Rock Lizard Iberolacerta aranica range Map.png
 EN 
Benny Trapp Iberolacerta aranica.jpg
Iberolacerta aurelioi Aurelio's Rock Lizard Iberoloacerta aurelioli range Map.png
 EN 
Benny Trapp Iberolacerta aurelioi.jpg
Iberolacerta bonnali Pyrenean Rock Lizard Iberoloacerta bonnali range Map.png
 NT 
Lezard des Pyrenees.jpg
Iberolacerta cyreni - Iberolacerta cyreni range Map.png
 EN 
Benny Trapp Iberolacerta cyreni.jpg
Iberolacerta galani Lagartija leonesa Iberolacerta galani range Map.png
 NT 
Benny Trapp Iberolacerta galani Spanien.jpg
Iberolacerta martinezricai - Iberolacerta martinezricai range Map.png
 CR 
Benny Trapp Iberolacerta martinezricai.jpg
Iberolacerta monticola Iberian Rock Lizard Iberolacerta monticola range Map.png
 VU 
Iberolacerta monticola.002.JPG
Lacerta agilis Sand Lizard Lacerta agilis range Map.png
 NE 
M Zauneidechse1 Edit1.jpg
Lacerta bilineata Western Green Lizard Distribution de L. bilineata
 LC 
Lacerta viridis01.jpg
Lacerta schreiberi Iberian Emerald Lizard, Schreiber's Green Lizard Mapa Lacerta schreiberi.png
 NT 
Lagarto verdinegro
Podarcis atrata - Podarcis atrata range Map.png
 NE 
Eidechse.1024.jpg
Podarcis bocagei Bocage's Wall Lizard Mapa Podarcis bocagei.png
 LC 
Podarcis guadarramae.jpg
Podarcis carbonelli - Podarcis carbonelli range map.png
 EN 
Benny Trapp Podarcis carbonelli.jpg
Podarcis hispanicus Iberian Wall Lizard Podarcis hispanicus range Map.png
 LC 
Eidechse3.1024.jpg
Podarcis lilfordi Lilford's Wall Lizard Podarcis lilfordi range Map.png
 EN 
Podarcis-lilfordi.jpg
Podarcis muralis Wall lizard Mapa Podarcis muralis.png
 LC 
Lizard.jpg
Podarcis pityusensis Ibiza Wall Lizard Podarcis pityusensis range Map.png
 NT 
Sargantana camí de sa pujada 3.jpg
Podarcis siculus Italian wall lizard, Ruin lizard Mapa Podarcis siculus.png
 LC 
Maggia lacerta sicula fg06.jpg
Podarcis vaucheri - Mapa Podarcis vaucheri.png
 LC 
Psammodromus algirus Large Psammodromus Psammodromus algirus range Map.png
 LC 
Psammodromus algirus (1).JPG
Psammodromus blanci Blanc's Sand Racer Psammodromus blanci range Map.png
 NT 
Psammodromus hispanicus Spanish Psammodromus Psammodromus hispanicus distribution Map.png
 NT 
Benny Trapp Psammodromus hispanicus.jpg
Psammodromus jeanneae - Psammodromus jeanneae distribution Map.png
 LC 
Psammodromus manuelae - Mapa Psammodromus manuelae.png
 LC 
Scelarcis perspicillata Moroccan rock lizard Scelarcis perspicillata range Map.png
 LC 
Timon lepidus Ocellated Lizard Mapa Timon lepidus.png
 NT 
Lagarto ocelado
Timon tangitana - Timon tingitanus range Map.png
 LC 
Zootoca vivipara Viviparous lizard, common lizard Mapa Zootoca vivipara.png
 LC 
Lacerta vivipara 1 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg

Family Trogonophidae

Trogonophidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Trogonophis wiegmanni Checkerboard worm lizard Trogonophis wiegmanni range Map.png
 LC 

Family Colubridae

Colubridae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Coronella austriaca Smooth snake Mapa Coronella austriaca.png
 NE 
CoronellaAustriacaMale.JPG
Coronella girondica Southern smooth snake, Riccioli's snake Mapa Coronella girondica.png
 LC 
Culebra lisa meridional
Hemorrhois hippocrepis Horseshoe whip snake Mapa Hemorrhois hippocrepis.png
 LC 
Hemorrhois-hippocrepis-2.jpg
Hierophis viridiflavus Green Whip Snake, Western Whip Snake Mapa Hierophis viridiflavus.png
 LC 
Hierophis viridiflavus.jpg
Macroprotodon abubakeri - Macroprotodon abubakeri range Map.png
 DD 
Macroprotodon brevis False smooth snake Macroprotodon brevis range Map.png
 NT 
Benny Trapp Macroprotodon brevis.jpg
Macroprotodon mauritanicus - Macroprotodon mauritanicus range Map.png
 NE 
Malpolon monspessulanus Montpellier snake Malpolon monspessulanus range Map.png
 LC 
Couleuvre montpellier.jpg
Natrix maura Viperine water snake, viperine snake Mapa Natrix maura.png
 LC 
Culebra viperina
Natrix natrix Grass snake, ringed snake, water snake Mapa Natrix natrix.png
 LC 
Culebra de collar
Psammophis schokari Schokari Sand Racer Psammophis schokari range Map.png
 NE 
Psammophis schokari01.jpg
Zamenis scalaris Ladder snake Rhinechis scalaris dis.png
 LC 
Culebra de escalera
Zamenis longissimus Aesculapian Snake Mapa Zamenis longissimus.png
 LC 
Zamenis longissimus.jpg

Family Viperidae

Viperidae
Species Common name Distribution Conservation status Image
Vipera aspis Asp, asp viper, European asp, aspic viper, European viper, Jura viper Vipera aspis dis.png
 LC 
ViperaAspis 1469AE.jpg
Vipera latastei Lataste's viper, snub-nosed viper, snub-nosed adder Vipera latastei range Map.png
 VU 
Lataste's viper.jpg
Vipera seoanei Baskian viper, Iberian cross adder, Portuguese viper Vipera seoanei dis.png
 LC 
Víbora cantábrica
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List of reptiles of Spain Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.