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Lonaconing
Central Lonaconing along MD 36
Central Lonaconing along MD 36
Location of Lonaconing, Maryland
Location of Lonaconing, Maryland
Lonaconing is located in Maryland
Lonaconing
Lonaconing
Location in Maryland
Lonaconing is located in the United States
Lonaconing
Lonaconing
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  Maryland
County Flag of Allegany County, Maryland.png Allegany
Incorporated 1890
Area
 • Total 0.36 sq mi (0.94 km2)
 • Land 0.36 sq mi (0.94 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,490 ft (454 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,001
 • Density 2,765.19/sq mi (1,067.89/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
21539
Area code(s) 301, 240
FIPS code 24-47875
GNIS feature ID 0590691

Lonaconing is a town in Allegany County, Maryland, United States, located along the Georges Creek Valley. It is part of the Cumberland, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,214 at the 2010 census.

History

The first non-Native American settlers in the late 18th century were explorers, hunters and farmers. Names of some of the first settlers were Dye, Duckworth, Green, Fazenbaker, Grove, VanBuskirk, Knapp and Miller. The first stone house built in 1790 in Knapps Meadow just north of Lonaconing was owned by Samuel VanBuskirk. The house still stands and is a private residence as of 2016. The Lonaconing Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. Lonaconing is the birthplace of Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Robert Moses ("Lefty") Grove, (1900-1975), who played notably for the old Baltimore Orioles, 1920-1925, during their famous string of six straight championships in the "Triple A" (AAA) minor league level of the International League, and later for Connie Mack's Philadelphia Athletics, (1925-1933) and the Boston Red Sox, 1934-1941, of the American League. His "Most Valuable Player" Award is the only one not on display at the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, but at the George's Creek Library of the Western Maryland Regional Library system.

Lonaconing glassware manufacturers

  • 1914-1915: Dugan Glass
  • 1914-1918: Lonaconing Glass
  • 1919-1929: Utility Glass Works
  • 1930-1934: Sloan Bros Glass Company

Early mining railroads

Iron and coal companies in Lonaconing built railroads in the 1840s, in anticipation of connecting with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Some of these mining companies owned and operated their own railroad equipment. The Georges Creek Rail Road was built south from Lonaconing to connect with the Baltimore & Ohio at Piedmont(VA) All of the rail lines were absorbed into the Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad (C&P) by 1870.

The Lonaconing Furnace (1836–1855)

The Georges Creek Coal and Iron Company constructed and operated a blast furnace in Lonaconing from 1836 to 1855 along with constructing and operating the related Georges Creek Railroad from 1851 to 1863. The Lonaconing Furnace was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 2,181
1910 1,553 −28.8%
1920 2,054 32.3%
1930 2,426 18.1%
1940 2,429 0.1%
1950 2,289 −5.8%
1960 2,007 −12.3%
1970 1,572 −21.7%
1980 1,420 −9.7%
1990 1,122 −21.0%
2000 1,205 7.4%
2010 1,214 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,214 people, 463 households, and 303 families living in the town. The population density was 2,961.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,143.2/km2). There were 525 housing units at an average density of 1,280.5 per square mile (494.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.1% White, 0.3% African American, 0.2% Asian, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 463 households, of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.6% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the town was 40.5 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 22.9% were from 45 to 64; and 20.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.

Geography

Lonaconing is located at 39°33′54″N 78°58′46″W / 39.56500°N 78.97944°W / 39.56500; -78.97944 (39.564884, -78.979312).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.41 square miles (1.06 km2), all of it land.

Transportation

2019-05-17 15 39 50 View south along Maryland State Route 36 (Main Street) at Union Street in Lonaconing, Allegany County, Maryland
MD 36 southbound in Lonaconing

The main method of travel to and from Lonaconing is by road. The only significant highway serving the town is Maryland Route 36, which also serves as Main Street. MD 36 heads northward towards Frostburg and Interstate 68, while to the south, it terminates at the town of Westernport.

Notable person

Ruth Bear Levy (1898-1994), painter and writer, who published a memoir -- using her oil paintings as illustrations -- entitled "A Wee Bit O' Scotland: Growing Up in Lonaconing at the Turn of the Century." Also, she authored a two-part article, "Recollections of Lefty Grove: Baseball's Greatest Left-Handed Pitcher," for the Maryland Historical Magazine.

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