kids encyclopedia robot

Lonoke, Arkansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Lonoke, Arkansas
City of Lonoke
Downtown Lonoke
Downtown Lonoke
Location of Lonoke in Lonoke County, Arkansas.
Location of Lonoke in Lonoke County, Arkansas.
Lonoke, Arkansas is located in the United States
Lonoke, Arkansas
Lonoke, Arkansas
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
County Lonoke
Township Lonoke
Incorporated January 22, 1872; 150 years ago (1872-01-22)
Named for "Lone Oak"
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area
 • City 4.90 sq mi (12.70 km2)
 • Land 4.81 sq mi (12.45 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)
Elevation
240 ft (73 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • City 4,276
 • Density 889.54/sq mi (343.45/km2)
 • Metro
610,518 (Little Rock/North Little Rock
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72086
Area code(s) 501
FIPS code 05-41420
GNIS feature ID 0077553
Major airport LIT

Lonoke is the second most populous city in Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States, and serves as its county seat. According to 2010 United States Census, the population of the city is 4,245. It is part of the Little RockNorth Little RockConway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Lonoke's history begins with the advance of Union troops through Central Arkansas during the American Civil War. The town of Brownsville was burned to the ground by Union forces after the retreat of Confederate forces westward to Little Rock. After the war, it was decided by the city leaders of Brownsville that a new town should be formed by the nearby railroad so that those who wished to stay could do so.

According to local legend, the town was named for a large red oak tree that was found while trees were being chopped down in order to build houses. The official name of the city was originally Lone Oak. However, due to a misprint in the Lonoke Democrat newspaper, the town's name was printed as Lonoak. Eventually, this misspelling became further misspelled as Lonoke.

The town of Lonoke was very slow to grow. Lonoke maintained a sustainable population through the support of its agricultural based economy until World War II. Because of the baby boom, Lonoke's population began to reach higher numbers. Furthermore, Lonoke became a sort of suburban area of Little Rock due to the implementation of the Interstate Highway System and the construction of Interstate 40.

In recent years, the population of Lonoke has remained in the area of about 4,000 people. As the Little Rock metropolitan area continues to grow, Lonoke's population is expected to grow as well as Lonoke is becoming more suitable as a suburban area.

Geography

Lonoke is in central Lonoke County, located at 34°47′3″N 91°54′3″W / 34.78417°N 91.90083°W / 34.78417; -91.90083 (34.784065, -91.900705).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), of which, 4.3 square miles (11 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (6.07%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 659
1890 858 30.2%
1900 951 10.8%
1910 1,547 62.7%
1920 1,711 10.6%
1930 1,674 −2.2%
1940 1,715 2.4%
1950 1,556 −9.3%
1960 2,359 51.6%
1970 3,140 33.1%
1980 4,128 31.5%
1990 4,022 −2.6%
2000 4,287 6.6%
2010 4,245 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Lonoke racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 2,664 62.3%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,152 26.94%
Native American 8 0.19%
Asian 31 0.72%
Pacific Islander 1 0.02%
Other/Mixed 169 3.95%
Hispanic or Latino 251 5.87%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,276 people, 1,676 households, and 1,075 families residing in the city.

Education

The city of Lonoke lacks post secondary institutions due to its small population and rural nature. However, Lonoke does feature a public school district that includes a primary, elementary, middle, and high school. According to the National Institute for Higher Education, Lonoke High School has an average ACT score of 22. However, over 89% of the graduating class of high school from 1987 to 2007 has been accepted to an institution of higher education. Of those 89%, approximately 45% have attended Arkansas State University Beebe.

In addition to its public school system, Lonoke is home to the main campus of the Lonoke Exceptional School, which offers learning opportunities for children and adults with various developmental disabilities. The school has served Lonoke and surrounding areas since 1972; its main campus in downtown Lonoke was built in 1991.

Some areas of Lonoke are served by the Des Arc School District, which leads to graduation from Des Arc High School.

Notable people

  • Maurice Britt (1919–1995), football player, businessman, and decorated soldier; born in Carlisle but raised in Lonoke
  • Ed Hamm (1906–1982), track and field athlete, won gold medal in long jump at 1928 Summer Olympics
  • Jim Lee Howell (1914–1995), football player (Arkansas, NY Giants 1937–1947) and coach (Wagner College 1947–1953, NY Giants 1954–1960)
  • James B. Reed (1881–1935), Democratic member of Arkansas House of Representatives in 1907 session and U.S. representative from 1923 to 1929 from Arkansas' former 6th congressional district
  • Joseph Taylor Robinson (1872–1937), U.S. Senate Majority leader and Al Smith's running mate on Democratic ticket in 1928 U.S. presidential election
  • Thomas Clark Trimble III (1878–1965), former federal judge
  • Will Walls (1912–1993), American football player
kids search engine
Lonoke, Arkansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.