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Louisiana, Missouri
Louisiana, Missouri in June 2018
Louisiana, Missouri in June 2018
Location of Louisiana, Missouri
Location of Louisiana, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Pike
 • Total 3.42 sq mi (8.86 km2)
 • Land 3.13 sq mi (8.12 km2)
 • Water 0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)
486 ft (148 m)
 • Total 3,364
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,023.29/sq mi (395.09/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-44174

Louisiana is a city in Pike County, Missouri, United States. The population was 3,364 at the 2010 census. Louisiana is located in northeast Missouri, on the Mississippi River, south of Hannibal.

Louisiana is located at the junction of State Route 79 and US 54. The former follows the Mississippi River for most of its length from Hannibal to St. Charles County. The latter enters Louisiana from Illinois via the Champ Clark Bridge, named for a former US Speaker of the House from nearby Bowling Green.


The town was founded in 1816 by John Walter Basye and named after his daughter, Louisiana Basye. Other notable early residents were Samuel Caldwell and Joel Shaw, both of whom purchased land from Bayse in 1818. All three properties became the original town plat and comprised mainly riverfront properties. Many of the towns residents trace their ancestry to these town pioneers. Louisiana proved to be a profitable shipping point on the Mississippi River, and that wealth led to numerous substantial antebellum homes. Many of those still remain and, along with the Georgia Street Historic District in downtown Louisiana, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Missouri Department of Natural Resources has noted that the town has "the most intact Victorian Streetscape in the state of Missouri."

Louisiana is one of three communities forming the 50 Miles of Art corridor, linked by history, heritage & Route 79; Louisiana, Clarksville and Hannibal are home to many artists, crafts-persons and artisans. The community is also home to the annual Louisiana Country Colorfest.

In 1946, the town was the site of a Fischer-Tropsch plant capable of producing liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Seven scientists brought into the United States by Operation Paperclip from Nazi Germany took part in the research.

Louisiana hopes to be part of the "green energy" revolution as a former ammonia plant has been converted for the study and production of synthetic fuels.

Louisiana is home to Pike Counties largest festival, the Louisiana Country Colorfest that began in 1984. The event is held the third weekend in October and is attended by over 8,000 people annually.

In addition to the Georgia Street Historic District, the Charles Bacon House, Capt. George and Attella Barnard House, Bethel Chapel AME Church, City Market, Goodman-Stark House, Louisiana Chicago & Alton Railroad Depot, Louisiana Public Library, North Third Street Historic District, Pike County Hospital, and Gov. Lloyd Crow Stark House and Carriage House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Louisiana is located at 39°26′45″N 91°3′24″W / 39.44583°N 91.05667°W / 39.44583; -91.05667 (39.445833, -91.056584). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.42 square miles (8.86 km2), of which, 3.13 square miles (8.11 km2) is land and 0.29 square miles (0.75 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 912
1860 2,436 167.1%
1870 3,639 49.4%
1880 4,325 18.9%
1890 5,090 17.7%
1900 5,131 0.8%
1910 4,454 −13.2%
1920 4,060 −8.8%
1930 3,549 −12.6%
1940 4,669 31.6%
1950 4,389 −6.0%
1960 4,286 −2.3%
1970 4,533 5.8%
1980 4,261 −6.0%
1990 3,967 −6.9%
2000 3,863 −2.6%
2010 3,364 −12.9%
2019 (est.) 3,207 −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,364 people, 1,411 households, and 880 families living in the city. The population density was 1,074.8 inhabitants per square mile (415.0/km2). There were 1,732 housing units at an average density of 553.4 per square mile (213.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.9% White, 4.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 2.3% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 1,411 households, of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.6% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 41.3 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.8% were from 45 to 64; and 20.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.


Public education in Louisiana is administered by Louisiana R-II School District.

Louisiana has a lending library, the Louisiana Public Library.

Notable people

  • Lloyd C. Stark, Governor of Missouri 1937–41, born in Louisiana, Mo.
  • Eddie South, World Famous Jazz Violinist, 1904–1962, born in Louisiana, Mo.
  • George Samuel Clason, Author, who wrote the popular book "The Richest Man in Babylon" born in Louisiana, MO.
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