Madison County, Florida facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Madison County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
|Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).|
|Founded||December 26, 1827|
|Named for||James Madison|
|• Total||716 sq mi (1,850 km2)|
|• Land||696 sq mi (1,800 km2)|
|• Water||20 sq mi (50 km2) 2.8%%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||26.5/sq mi (10.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Madison County is a county located in the north central portion of the state of Florida, and borders the state of Georgia to the north. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,224. Its county seat is also called Madison. As of August 28, 2012, Madison became a wet county, meaning that voters had approved the legal sale, possession, or distribution of alcoholic beverages.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 716 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 696 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (2.8%) is water.
- Brooks County, Georgia - north
- Lowndes County, Georgia - northeast
- Hamilton County - east
- Suwannee County - southeast
- Lafayette County - southeast
- Taylor County - southwest
- Jefferson County - west
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 18,733 people, 6,629 households, and 4,680 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 7,836 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 57.49% Caucasian, 40.30% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 3.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,629 households, out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.90% were married couples living together, 17.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 107.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,533, and the median income for a family was $31,753. Males had a median income of $25,255 versus $19,607 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,511. About 18.90% of families and 23.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.10% of those under age 18 and 22.50% of those age 65 or over.
- See also: List of county roads in Madison County, Florida
- Interstate 10 is the main interstate highway through Madison County, running west and east through the panhandle from Alabama to Jacksonville. Four interchanges exist in the county at US 221 south of Greenville, (Exit 241), SR 14 (Exit 251) and SR 53 (Exit 258) south of Madison, and CR 255 south of Lee (Exit 262).
- US 19/27 is a multiplexed pair of south-to-north US highways in the southwestern corner of the county known as the Florida-Georgia Parkway.
- US 90 was the main west-to-east route through Madison County until it was supplanted by I-10.
- US 221 is the main south-to-north US highway in western Madison County.
- State Road 6 runs northeast from US 90 into Jasper in Hamilton County east of Madison.
- State Road 14 is a short state road from I-10 to US 90 in Madison, with a western county extension in Taylor and Madison Counties, and a truck route to SR 53 (see below)
- State Road 53
- State Road 145
Madison County has at least two railroad lines. The primary one is a CSX line formerly owned by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad that served Amtrak's Sunset Limited until it was truncated to New Orleans in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina. Madison (Amtrak station) was Madison County's only active railroad station until that point. The other one is owned by the Georgia and Florida Railway, and runs in close proximity to US 221 throughout Madison County.
- Live Oak
- White Springs
Madison County Schools operates public schools. Madison County High School is one of the two high schools in Madison, the other is a charter high school, James Madison Preparatory High School.
- Live Oak
- White Springs
The small town of Greenville was the childhood home of rhythm and blues giant Ray Charles. Professional football player Chris Thompson is also from the Town of Greenville. Professional baseball player Lorenzo Cain is from Madison County. Scott Phillips, drummer for the bands Creed and Alter Bridge is also from Madison.
Madison County, Florida Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.