Mars 2020 facts for kids
|Mission type||Mars exploration|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||30 July 2020, 11:50 UTC|
|Rocket||Atlas V 541 (AV-088)|
|Launch site||Cape Canaveral, SLC-41|
|Contractor||United Launch Alliance|
|Landing date||18 February 2021, 20:55 UTC|
|Landing site||Jezero crater|
NASA (left) and JPL (right) insignias
Mars 2020 is a Mars rover built by NASA's Mars Exploration Program that includes the Perseverance rover and the Ingenuity helicopter drone. Mars 2020 was launched from Earth on an Atlas V launch vehicle at 11:50 UTC on 30 July 2020, and confirmation of touch down in Jezero crater on Mars was received at 20:55 UTC on 18 February 2021. As of 26 February 2021, the Perseverance rover has been on Mars for 7 sols (7 Earth days).
Perseverance will investigate an astrobiologically relevant ancient environment on Mars and investigate its surface geological processes and history, including the assessment of its past habitability, the possibility of past life on Mars, and the potential for preservation of biosignatures within accessible geological materials. It will cache sample containers along its route for retrieval by a potential future Mars sample-return mission. The Mars 2020 mission was announced by NASA on 4 December 2012 at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco. The Perseverance rover's design is derived from the Curiosity rover, and it uses many components already fabricated and tested in addition to new scientific instruments and a core drill. The rover also boasts 19 cameras and two microphones, allowing for audio recording of the Martian environment.
The launch of Mars 2020 was the third of three space missions sent toward Mars during the July 2020 Mars launch window, with missions also launched by the national space agencies of the United Arab Emirates (the Hope orbiter on 19 July) and China (Tianwen-1 on 23 July, with an orbiter, lander, and rover).
Images for kids
The Perseverance rover at JPL near Pasadena, California
Mars 2020 Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.