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Mars 2020
Artist's rendition of the Perseverance rover on Mars, with the mini-helicopter Ingenuity in front
Mission type Mars exploration
Mission duration
  • 791d 22h 38m (elapsed)
  • 1 Mars year (668 sols, 687 Earth days) (planned)
Spacecraft properties
Start of mission
Launch date 30 July 2020, 11:50 UTC
Rocket Atlas V 541 (AV-088)
Launch site Cape Canaveral, SLC-41
Contractor United Launch Alliance
Mars rover
Landing date 18 February 2021, 20:55 UTC
Landing site Jezero crater
Mars 2020 NASA insignia.svg Mars 2020 JPL second insignia.svg
NASA (left) and JPL (right) insignias
Mars Exploration Program
Mars sample-return mission →

Mars 2020 is a Mars rover built by NASA's Mars Exploration Program that includes the Perseverance rover and the Ingenuity helicopter drone. Mars 2020 was launched from Earth on an Atlas V launch vehicle at 11:50 UTC on 30 July 2020, and confirmation of touch down in Jezero crater on Mars was received at 20:55 UTC on 18 February 2021. As of 30 September 2022, the Perseverance rover has been on Mars for 572 sols (588 Earth days).

Perseverance will investigate an astrobiologically relevant ancient environment on Mars and investigate its surface geological processes and history, including the assessment of its past habitability, the possibility of past life on Mars, and the potential for preservation of biosignatures within accessible geological materials. It will cache sample containers along its route for retrieval by a potential future Mars sample-return mission. The Mars 2020 mission was announced by NASA on 4 December 2012 at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco. The Perseverance rover's design is derived from the Curiosity rover, and it uses many components already fabricated and tested in addition to new scientific instruments and a core drill. The rover also boasts 19 cameras and two microphones, allowing for audio recording of the Martian environment.

The launch of Mars 2020 was the third of three space missions sent toward Mars during the July 2020 Mars launch window, with missions also launched by the national space agencies of the United Arab Emirates (the Hope orbiter on 19 July) and China (Tianwen-1 on 23 July, with an orbiter, lander, and rover).

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