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Mont-de-Marsan
Prefecture and commune
Confluence of the Douze and Midou riversin Mont-de-Marsan
Confluence of the Douze and Midou rivers
in Mont-de-Marsan
Coat of arms of Mont-de-Marsan
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Landes
Arrondissement Mont-de-Marsan
Canton Chief town of 2 cantons
Intercommunality Mont-de-Marsan Agglomération
Area1 36.88 km2 (14.24 sq mi)
Population (2014) 31,009
 • Density 840.81/km2 (2,177.7/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Montois
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
INSEE/Postal code 40192 /40000
Elevation 23–97 m (75–318 ft)
(avg. 60 m or 200 ft)
Website www.montdemarsan.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Mont-de-Marsan is a commune in southwestern France, in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is the prefecture (capital) of the Landes department. and the capital of the arrondissement of Mont-de-Marsan. It is also the capital of 2 cantons in the department: Mont-de-Marsan-1 and Mont-de-Marsan-2.

Geography

Mont-de-Marsan is at the confluence of two rivers, the Douze and the Midou, forming the river Midouze just in the centre of the city.

It has an area of 36.9 km2 (14.2 sq mi), and its average altitude is 60 m (200 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 52 m (171 ft).

Mont-de-Marsan and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Mont-de-Marsan

Mont-de-Marsan is surrounded by the communes Uchacq-et-Parentis, Saint-Avit, Mazerolles, Bretagne-de-Marsan, Saint-Pierre-du-Mont and Campet-et-Lamolère.

Climate

The climate of Mont-de-Marsan is Marine West Coast Climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb), with mild winters and warm summers.

The average temperature for the year in Mont-de-Marsan is 13.5 °C (56.3 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 21.4 °C (70.5 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 6.2 °C (43.2 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Mont-de-Marsan is 693.4 mm (27.3 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 71.1 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).

Climate data for Mont-de-Marsan, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
12.4
(54.3)
16.1
(61)
18.1
(64.6)
21.8
(71.2)
25.1
(77.2)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
24.9
(76.8)
20.2
(68.4)
14.1
(57.4)
10.9
(51.6)
19.13
(66.44)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
7.1
(44.8)
10.0
(50)
12.2
(54)
16.0
(60.8)
19.2
(66.6)
21.4
(70.5)
21.4
(70.5)
18.3
(64.9)
14.6
(58.3)
9.5
(49.1)
6.6
(43.9)
13.54
(56.38)
Average low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
1.8
(35.2)
3.9
(39)
6.2
(43.2)
10.1
(50.2)
13.3
(55.9)
15.2
(59.4)
15.0
(59)
11.7
(53.1)
9.0
(48.2)
4.8
(40.6)
2.3
(36.1)
7.91
(46.24)
Rainfall mm (inches) 69.2
(2.724)
54.8
(2.157)
51.6
(2.031)
56.6
(2.228)
57.9
(2.28)
43.2
(1.701)
52.1
(2.051)
41.3
(1.626)
55
(2.17)
71.8
(2.827)
67.8
(2.669)
72
(2.83)
693.3
(27.295)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

The inhabitants of Mont-de-Marsan are known, in French, as Montois (women: Montoises).

With a population of 31,009, Mont-de-Marsan has a population density of 841 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Mont-de-Marsan

Mont-de-Marsan forms, together with Saint-Pierre-du-Mont, the urban area of Mont-de-Marsan with a population of 40,671 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 63.1 km2 (24.4 sq mi). This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Mont-de-Marsan, formed by 47 communes, with a population of 70,724 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 1,027.9 km2 (396.9 sq mi).

Administration

Mont-de-Marsan is the prefecture of the Landes department since 1790. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Mont-de-Marsan and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of two cantons:

  1. Mont-de-Marsan-1, formed with a part of Mont-de-Marsan and nine other communes, with 25,707 inhabitants (2014).
  2. Mont-de-Marsan-2, formed with a part of Mont-de-Marsan and eight other communes, with 28,390 inhabitants (2014).

Twin towns

Mont-de-Marsan is twinned with:

Gallery

Monuments and sites

  • The Donjon Lacataye is the keep of a 14th century castle
  • Despiau-Wlérick Museum (1930s sculpture by two local artists)

Sport

People born in Mont-de Marsan

  • Pierre Bosquet, Marshal of France, (1810 - 1861)
  • Charles Despiau, sculptor, (1874 - 1946)
  • Robert Wlérick, sculptor, (1882 – 1944)
  • Alain Juppé, politician and former Prime Minister of France, (1945 - )
  • Patrick Biancone, Thoroughbred horse racing trainer, (1952 - )
  • Thomas Castaignède, rugby union footballer, (1975 - )
  • Paul Astin, Marathon runner, (1986 – )
  • Fabien Vehlmann, comics writer, (1972 - )

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