Mount Vernon, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts - Homework Help
Mount Vernon, Indiana
City
City of Mount Vernon
Down main from courthouse.jpg
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Country  United States
State  Indiana
County Posey
Township Black
Settled c. 1788
Incorporated 1867
Area
 • Total 7.41 km2 (2.86 sq mi)
 • Land 7.28 km2 (2.81 sq mi)
 • Water 0.13 km2 (0.05 sq mi)  1.75%
Elevation 122 m (400 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,687
 • Estimate (2012) 6,609
 • Density 918.8/km2 (2,379.7/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 47620
Area code(s) 812, 930
FIPS code 18-51732
GNIS feature ID 0439718
Website http://www.mountvernon.in.gov/

Mount Vernon is a city in and the county seat of Posey County, Indiana, United States. Located in the state's far southwestern corner, within 15 miles of either the southernmost or westernmost points it is the westernmost city in the state, but not the southernmost, that being Rockport, about 40 miles to the southeast. The population was 6,687 at the 2010 census. It is located in Black Township and is part of the Evansville, Indiana, metropolitan area, which had a 2010 population of 358,676.

Geography

Mount Vernon is located at Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:mw' not found. (37.936766, -87.898780).

According to the 2010 census, Mount Vernon has a total area of 2.86 square miles (7.41 km2), of which 2.81 square miles (7.28 km2) (or 98.25%) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) (or 1.75%) is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Mount Vernon has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

History

Posey County Courthouse
Posey County Courthouse

Mount Vernon is the county seat and largest city in Posey County, named for General Thomas Posey, Governor of the Indiana Territory, who had the distinction of growing up next door to George Washington at the original Mount Vernon, and who was widely rumoured to be Washington's illegitimate son. The rumors were dismissed by Posey's biographer, John Thornton Posey.

Mount Vernon was originally called McFaddin's Bluff, and under the latter name was platted in 1816. The present name is after George Washington's Mount Vernon. A post office called Mount Vernon has been in operation since 1818.

There are a number of historic sites in Mount Vernon, including the Posey County Courthouse Square, Mount Vernon Downtown Historic District, Welborn Historic District and the William Gonnerman House, all of which have been placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,120
1860 1,994 78.0%
1870 2,880 44.4%
1880 3,730 29.5%
1890 4,705 26.1%
1900 5,132 9.1%
1910 5,563 8.4%
1920 5,284 −5.0%
1930 5,035 −4.7%
1940 5,638 12.0%
1950 6,150 9.1%
1960 5,970 −2.9%
1970 6,770 13.4%
1980 7,656 13.1%
1990 7,217 −5.7%
2000 7,478 3.6%
2010 6,687 −10.6%
Est. 2015 6,550 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,687 people, 2,736 households, and 1,819 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,379.7 inhabitants per square mile (918.8/km2). There were 3,077 housing units at an average density of 1,095.0 per square mile (422.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.4% White, 2.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 2,736 households of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.5% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 40.2 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,478 people, 3,027 households, and 2,058 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,036.0 people per square mile (1,173.7/km²). There were 3,312 housing units at an average density of 1,344.7 per square mile (519.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.85% White, 2.65% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.56% of the population.

There were 3,027 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,543, and the median income for a family was $49,432. Males had a median income of $40,045 versus $22,790 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,264. About 10.5% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Highways

  • Indiana 62.svg Indiana State Road 62
  • Indiana 69.svg Indiana State Road 69

Rail Service

  • Evansville Western Railway, a short line railroad serving area industries both in Indiana and Illinois is headquartered in Mount Vernon.

River Port

  • Port of Indiana-Mount Vernon, a major publicly funded riverport, is located just east of Mount Vernon. It began operation in 1976 as Southwind Maritime Center and is one of three public ports operated by the state of Indiana.

Mount Vernon, Indiana Facts for Kids. Homework Help - Kiddle Encyclopedia.