New Hanover Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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New Hanover Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of New Hanover
Cookstown, an unincorporated community within New Hanover Township
Cookstown, an unincorporated community within New Hanover Township
New Hanover Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
New Hanover Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Burlington
Royal charter December 2, 1723
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Area
 • Total 22.395 sq mi (58.004 km2)
 • Land 22.175 sq mi (57.433 km2)
 • Water 0.220 sq mi (0.570 km2)  0.98%
Area rank 121st of 566 in state
11th of 40 in county
Elevation 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 7,385
 • Estimate (2015) 8,078
 • Rank 310th of 566 in state
24th of 40 in county
 • Density 333.0/sq mi (128.6/km2)
 • Density rank 469th of 566 in state
33rd of 40 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08511 - Cookstown
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3400551510
GNIS feature ID 0882088
Website None

New Hanover Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 7,385, reflecting a decline of 2,359 (-24.2%) from the 9,744 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 198 (+2.1%) from the 9,546 counted in the 1990 Census. The township is located in the Delaware Valley.

History

New Hanover was originally formed by Royal charter on December 2, 1723, from portions of Chesterfield Township and Springfield Township. New Hanover was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to form Pemberton borough (December 15, 1826), Pemberton Township (March 10, 1846), North Hanover Township (April 12, 1905) and Wrightstown (March 4, 1918).

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 22.395 square miles (58.004 km2), including 22.175 square miles (57.433 km2) of land and 0.220 square miles (0.570 km2) of water (0.98%).

Fort Dix is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) with a total 2010 Census population of 7,716 located in portions of New Hanover Township (5,951 of the total), Pemberton Township (1,765 of CDP's residents) and Springfield Township (with no residents in the CDP). McGuire AFB CDP is a CDP with a 2010 population of 3,710 located in portions of New Hanover Township (737 of the total) and North Hanover Township (2,973).

Cookstown is a small unincorporated community located near Fort Dix. Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Cranberry Hall, Cranbury Park, Fountain Green, Lewistown, Mahalala, Pointville, Shreve and Taylors Mountain.

The township borders North Hanover Township, Pemberton Township and Wrightstown in Burlington County, and Plumsted Township in Ocean County.

The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,536
1820 2,642 4.2%
1830 2,859 * 8.2%
1840 3,045 6.5%
1850 2,245 * −26.3%
1860 2,526 12.5%
1870 2,536 0.4%
1880 2,373 −6.4%
1890 1,962 −17.3%
1900 1,847 * −5.9%
1910 948 −48.7%
1920 5,606 * 491.4%
1930 646 −88.5%
1940 983 52.2%
1950 18,168 1,748.2%
1960 28,528 57.0%
1970 27,410 −3.9%
1980 14,258 −48.0%
1990 9,546 −33.0%
2000 9,744 2.1%
2010 7,385 −24.2%
Est. 2015 8,078 9.4%
Population sources: 1800-2000
1800-1920 1840
1850-1870 1850 1870
1880-1890 1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
1920 data includes 5,018 in Camp Dix.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,385 people, 551 households, and 440.8 families residing in the township. The population density was 333.0 per square mile (128.6/km2). There were 613 housing units at an average density of 27.6 per square mile (10.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 54.06% (3,992) White, 33.57% (2,479) Black or African American, 0.65% (48) Native American, 2.04% (151) Asian, 0.08% (6) Pacific Islander, 6.24% (461) from other races, and 3.36% (248) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.96% (1,548) of the population.

There were 551 households out of which 50.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.50.

In the township, the population was spread out with 7.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 46.7% from 25 to 44, 34.2% from 45 to 64, and 3.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.1 years. For every 100 females there were 624.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 830.1 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,796 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,062) and the median family income was $61,083 (+/- $9,842). Males had a median income of $33,368 (+/- $5,196) versus $38,977 (+/- $6,300) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,387 (+/- $1,620). About 0.7% of families and 0.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 9,744 people, 1,162 households, and 991 families residing in the township. The population density was 437.3 people per square mile (168.9/km²). There were 1,381 housing units at an average density of 62.0 per square mile (23.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 64.13% White, 28.90% African American, 0.42% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 2.66% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.40% of the population.

There were 1,162 households out of which 60.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.1% were married couples living together, 3.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.7% were non-families. 13.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.14 and the average family size was 3.46.

In the township the population was spread out with 14.5% under the age of 18, 15.7% from 18 to 24, 55.4% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 1.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 401.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 561.7 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $44,386, and the median income for a family was $45,511. Males had a median income of $26,428 versus $23,050 for females. The per capita income for the township was $12,140. About 3.2% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 24.13 miles (38.83 km) of roadways, of which 13.11 miles (21.10 km) were maintained by the municipality, 10.70 miles (17.22 km) by Burlington County and 0.32 miles (0.51 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service in the township on the 317 route between Asbury Park and Philadelphia.


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