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North Hanover Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of North Hanover
Jacobstown, a settlement within the township
Jacobstown, a settlement within the township
North Hanover Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
North Hanover Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of North Hanover Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of North Hanover Township, New Jersey
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Coordinates: 40°05′24″N 74°35′08″W / 40.089961°N 74.585444°W / 40.089961; -74.585444Coordinates: 40°05′24″N 74°35′08″W / 40.089961°N 74.585444°W / 40.089961; -74.585444
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Burlington
Incorporated April 12, 1905
Government
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
Area
 • Total 17.51 sq mi (45.35 km2)
 • Land 17.37 sq mi (44.98 km2)
 • Water 0.14 sq mi (0.37 km2)  0.81%
Area rank 164th of 565 in state
15th of 40 in county
Elevation
154 ft (47 m)
Population
 • Total 7,678
 • Estimate 
(2019)
7,470
 • Rank 298th of 566 in state
22nd of 40 in county
 • Density 444.2/sq mi (171.5/km2)
 • Density rank 452nd of 566 in state
30th of 40 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08562
Area code(s) 609 exchanges: 723, 724, 752, 758
FIPS code 3400553070
GNIS feature ID 0882087

North Hanover Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 7,678, reflecting an increase of 331 (+4.5%) from the 7,347 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 2,647 (-26.5%) from the 9,994 counted in the 1990 Census.

North Hanover Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 12, 1905, from portions of New Hanover Township. Portions of the township were taken on March 4, 1918, to form Wrightstown.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 17.423 square miles (45.126 km2), including 17.284 square miles (44.766 km2) of land and 0.139 square miles (0.359 km2) of water (0.80%).

McGuire Air Force Base is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located in portions of both New Hanover Township and North Hanover Township that had a 2010 Census total population of 3,710, of which 2,973 were in the North Hanover portion of the CDP and 737 were in New Hanover.

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Arneytown, Ellisdale, Jacobstown, Sykesville and Wrightstown.

The township borders Chesterfield Township, New Hanover Township and Springfield Township in Burlington County; Hamilton Township in Mercer County; Upper Freehold Township in Monmouth County; and Plumsted Township in Ocean County.

The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 696
1920 651 −6.5%
1930 675 3.7%
1940 731 8.3%
1950 1,155 58.0%
1960 2,796 142.1%
1970 9,858 252.6%
1980 9,050 −8.2%
1990 9,994 10.4%
2000 7,347 −26.5%
2010 7,678 4.5%
2019 (est.) 7,470 −2.7%
Population sources:
1910-2000 1910-1920
1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,678 people, 2,784 households, and 2,049 families residing in the township. The population density was 444.2 per square mile (171.5/km2). There were 3,370 housing units at an average density of 195.0 per square mile (75.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 80.18% (6,156) White, 9.33% (716) Black or African American, 0.40% (31) Native American, 1.89% (145) Asian, 0.42% (32) Pacific Islander, 3.10% (238) from other races, and 4.69% (360) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.43% (801) of the population.

There were 2,784 households out of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the township, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.2 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 99.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $72,410 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,321) and the median family income was $78,523 (+/- $10,326). Males had a median income of $55,352 (+/- $9,756) versus $37,052 (+/- $6,255) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,529 (+/- $2,650). About 3.3% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 7,347 people, 2,498 households, and 2,020 families residing in the township. The population density was 423.7 people per square mile (163.6/km2). There were 2,670 housing units at an average density of 154.0 per square mile (59.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 80.63% White, 10.96% African American, 0.48% Native American, 2.12% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, and 3.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.76% of the population.

There were 2,498 households, out of which 52.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.1% were non-families. 15.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the township the population was spread out, with 33.6% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 15.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $39,988, and the median income for a family was $45,553. Males had a median income of $31,698 versus $26,094 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,580. About 4.4% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 42.75 miles (68.80 km) of roadways, of which 22.34 miles (35.95 km) were maintained by the municipality and 20.41 miles (32.85 km) by Burlington County.

No Interstate, U.S., or State route pass through. The two main county routes that traverse are County Road 528 and County Road 537.

Limited access roads that are accessible in neighboring communities include Interstate 295 (Hamilton Township), and Interstate 195 (Hamilton & Upper Freehold Township). While the New Jersey Turnpike is also in bordering Hamilton Township, the closest interchange is exit 7 in Bordentown Township.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service in the township on the 317 route between Asbury Park and Philadelphia.

Education

Children in public school for pre-kindergarten through sixth grade attend the North Hanover Township School District. The district operates three elementary schools, with two located in Jacobstown and one on the grounds of Joint Base MDL. It is the largest K-6 school district in Burlington County. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of four schools, had an enrollment of 1,132 students and 108.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.4:1. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 school enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Discovery Early Childhood Center at Endeavour School with 282 students in grades PreK-K (on Joint Base MDL), Endeavour Elementary School new for 2019-20 serving grades 1-4 (on Joint Base MDL), Clarence B. Lamb Elementary School with 364 students in grades 1-4 (in Jacobstown; now PreK-4) and Upper Elementary School with 280 students in grades 5-6 (in Jacobstown). Endeavour School was constructed on Joint Base MDL at a cost of $75 million and opened for the 2019–20 school year, replacing the former Atlantis (which had 208 students in grades 1-2), Discover and Columbia schools. The new Endeavour School will run through fourth grade, reducing the frequent changes of students between buildings every two years, as each school had accommodated two grades.

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Northern Burlington County Regional School District, which also serves students from Chesterfield Township, Mansfield Township and Springfield Township, along with children of military personnel based at Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst. The schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Northern Burlington County Regional Middle School with 834 students in grades 7 - 8 and Northern Burlington County Regional High School with 1,335 students in grades 9-12. Both schools are in the Columbus section of Mansfield Township. Using a formula that reflects the population and the value of the assessed property in each of the constituent municipalities, under which taxpayers in North Hanover Township pay 14.2% of the district's tax levy, with the district's 2013-14 budget including $35.6 million in spending. The 7-12 district's board of education has nine members, who are elected directly by voters to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with three seats up for election each year. The nine seats on the Board of Education are allocated based on the population of the constituent municipalities, with three seats assigned to North Hanover Township.

Students from New Hanover Township, and from all of Burlington County, are eligible to attend the Burlington County Institute of Technology, a countywide public school district that serves the vocational and technical education needs of students at the high school and post-secondary level at its campuses in Medford and Westampton Township. All costs associated with attending the school are paid by the home school district, which is also responsible for student transportation to and from the school.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with North Hanover Township include:

  • Joe Borden (1854–1929), professional baseball player, 1875–1876.
  • George Sykes (1806–1880), represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1843 to 1845, and was reelected in 1845 to fill a vacancy, serving until 1847.

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