Chesterfield Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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Chesterfield Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Chesterfield
Recklesstown
Recklesstown
Chesterfield Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Chesterfield Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Chesterfield Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Chesterfield Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Burlington
Formed November 6, 1688
Royal charter January 10, 1713
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Chesterfield, England
Area
 • Total 21.520 sq mi (55.735 km2)
 • Land 21.334 sq mi (55.254 km2)
 • Water 0.186 sq mi (0.481 km2)  0.86%
Area rank 131st of 566 in state
14th of 40 in county
Elevation 92 ft (28 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 7,699
 • Estimate (2015) 7,572
 • Rank 297th of 566 in state
21st of 40 in county
 • Density 360.9/sq mi (139.3/km2)
 • Density rank 465th of 566 in state
32nd of 40 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08515 - Crosswicks
Area code(s) 609 exchanges: 291, 298
FIPS code 3400512670
GNIS feature ID 0882109
Website www.chesterfieldtwp.com

Chesterfield Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 7,699, reflecting an increase of 1,744 (+29.3%) from the 5,955 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 803 (+15.6%) from the 5,152 counted in the 1990 Census.

Chesterfield has permanently preserved more than 7,000 acres (2,800 ha) of farmland through state and county programs and a township-wide transfer of development credits program that directs future growth to a designated "receiving area" known as Old York Village, which is a neo-traditional, New Urbanism community built on 560 acres (230 ha) incorporating a variety of housing types, neighborhood commercial facilities, a new elementary school, civic uses, and active and passive open space areas with preserved agricultural land surrounding the planned village. Construction began in the early 2000s and a significant percentage of the community is now complete. As of 2016 the construction is still on going and there is soon to be Chesterfield's first retail outlet, along with more condos and homes. Old York Village was the winner of the American Planning Association's National Outstanding Planning Award in 2004.

History

The land was first settled in 1677, when a group of primarily Quaker immigrants from England established the settlement of Crosswicks, the oldest of the three communities of the township. The village was named after the Crosswicks Creek that separates Burlington and Mercer counties. The other two villages were Recklesstown (now Chesterfield) and Plattsburg (now Sykesville). Recklesstown was named in honor of one of its founders, Joseph Reckless, until the community's name was changed in 1888 at the urging of a Congressman and local resident in the face of public scorn.

Chesterfield Township was originally formed on November 6, 1688. It was named after the 2nd Earl of Chesterfield whose seat of Chesterfield was in Derbyshire, where many of the township's earliest settlers had lived. The township was reformed by Royal charter on January 10, 1713, and was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by the Township Act of 1798 of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to form New Hanover Township (December 2, 1723) and Bordentown borough (December 9, 1825).

Crosswicks played a role during the American Revolutionary War. On June 23, 1778, British soldiers near the Crosswicks Creek shot the horse out from under Elias Dayton, a captain with the New Jersey militia. A cannonball from the period remains lodged in the side of the Friends Meeting House.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 21.52 square miles (55.735 km2), including 21.334 square miles (55.254 km2) of land and 0.186 square miles (0.481 km2) of water (0.86%),

Municipalities bordering the township are Bordentown Township, Mansfield Township, North Hanover Township, Springfield Township in Burlington County and Hamilton Township in Mercer County.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Crosswicks, Davisville and Extonville.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,839
1820 2,087 13.5%
1830 2,385 14.3%
1840 3,438 * 44.2%
1850 1,789 −48.0%
1860 1,628 −9.0%
1870 1,748 7.4%
1880 1,525 −12.8%
1890 1,253 −17.8%
1900 1,143 −8.8%
1910 1,130 −1.1%
1920 1,133 0.3%
1930 1,269 12.0%
1940 1,766 39.2%
1950 2,020 14.4%
1960 2,519 24.7%
1970 3,190 26.6%
1980 3,867 21.2%
1990 5,152 33.2%
2000 5,955 15.6%
2010 7,699 29.3%
Est. 2015 7,572 −1.6%
Population sources:
1800-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,699 people, 1,539 households, and 1,311 families residing in the township. The population density was 360.9 per square mile (139.3/km2). There were 1,601 housing units at an average density of 75.0 per square mile (29.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 53.98% (4,156) White, 29.12% (2,242) Black or African American, 0.51% (39) Native American, 8.35% (643) Asian, 0.03% (2) Pacific Islander, 5.01% (386) from other races, and 3.00% (231) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.08% (1,007) of the population.

There were 1,539 households out of which 46.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.7% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.8% were non-families. 10.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the township, the population was spread out with 17.8% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 5.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24.4 years. For every 100 females there were 220.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 268.5 males. The census statistics above include residents of a state youth detention center located at the northwest edge of Chesterfield Township, on the border with Hamilton Township.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $113,125 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,124) and the median family income was $120,288 (+/- $8,240). Males had a median income of $76,563 (+/- $13,303) versus $58,229 (+/- $12,489) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,655 (+/- $4,105). About 0.0% of families and 0.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,955 people, 899 households, and 744 families residing in the township. The population density was 278.1 people per square mile (107.4/km²). There were 924 housing units at an average density of 43.1 per square mile (16.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 49.71% White, 37.36% African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 8.45% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.34% of the population. The census statistics above included 3,341 residents of state correctional facilities located in the township.

There were 899 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.6% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 12.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the township the population was spread out with 11.8% under the age of 18, 40.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 12.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 345.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 423.4 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $85,428, and the median income for a family was $91,267. Males had a median income of $50,305 versus $44,659 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,193. [The per capita income figure is artificially low due to the above-mentioned youth detention center population] About 0.4% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Chesterfield, NJ
Center of Chesterfield

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 58.79 miles (94.61 km) of roadways, of which 38.50 miles (61.96 km) were maintained by the municipality, 18.17 miles (29.24 km) by Burlington County and 2.12 miles (3.41 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Major county roads that pass through include Route 528, Route 537 and Route 545.

The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) passes through the northwestern part of the township, entering on the western border with Bordentown Township and continuing for approximately 2.1 miles (3.4 km) into Hamilton Township in Mercer County. The nearest interchange is Exit 7 in neighboring Bordentown Township.

From 2004 when plans were announced until its completion in early November 2014, the Turnpike was widened along a 35-mile (56 km) stretch between Interchange 6 in Mansfield Township to Interchange 9 in East Brunswick Township in Middlesex County. Two new carriageways (to accommodate the outer roadways, or truck lanes) were built from Interchange 6 to Interchange 8A in Monroe Township, Middlesex County, and an additional lane on the existing outer roadways was added as well between Interchanges 8A and 9, bringing the roadway up to 12 lanes of traffic in a 3-3-3-3 "dual-dual" configuration of separate truck and car lanes in each direction.

There is no public transportation provided in the township. However, in neighboring Bordentown, the RiverLINE provides service to Camden and Trenton. NJ Transit provides service on the Northeast Corridor Line to Penn Station New York in nearby Hamilton Township, where many township residents commute for work.


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