Mansfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Mansfield Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Mansfield
Mansfield Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Mansfield Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Mansfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Mansfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Burlington
Formed November 6, 1688
Royal charter May 9, 1770
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Mansfield, England
Area
 • Total 21.907 sq mi (56.740 km2)
 • Land 21.740 sq mi (56.307 km2)
 • Water 0.167 sq mi (0.432 km2)  0.76%
Elevation 66 ft (20 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 8,544
 • Estimate (2015) 8,574
 • Rank 268th of 566 in state
19th of 40 in county
 • Density 393.0/sq mi (151.7/km2)
 • Density rank 461st of 566 in state
31st of 40 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08022 - Columbus
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 340053290
GNIS feature ID 0882108
Website www.mansfieldburlington.com

Mansfield Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 8,544. The population increased by 3,454 (+67.9%) from the 5,090 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,216 (+31.4%) from the 3,874 counted in the 1990 Census.

History

Mansfield was first formed on November 6, 1688, and reformed by Royal charter on May 9, 1770. Mansfield was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. Portions of the township were taken to form Fieldsboro (March 7, 1850, within township; became fully independent c. 1894), Bordentown Township (March 8, 1852) and Florence Township (March 7, 1872).

The township was named for Mansfield, England.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 21.907 square miles (56.740 km2), including 21.740 square miles (56.307 km2) of land and 0.167 square miles (0.432 km2) of water (0.76%).

The township borders the Burlington County municipalities of Bordentown Township (to the north and northeast), Chesterfield Township (northeast), Florence Township (southwest) and Springfield Township (south).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Bishops Barn, Columbus (where the town hall is located), Georgetown, Hedding, Kinkora, Mansfield, Rising Sun Square (also known as Mansfield Square) and Three Tuns. Homestead, a retirement village, consists of 1,200 homes in Columbus.

Liberty Lake is a 6-acre (24,000 m2) freshwater spring-fed lake, that allows boating, swimming and fishing.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,810
1820 1,927 6.5%
1830 2,083 8.1%
1840 2,401 15.3%
1850 2,953 23.0%
1860 2,777 * −6.0%
1870 2,880 3.7%
1880 1,648 * −42.8%
1890 1,671 1.4%
1900 1,518 * −9.2%
1910 1,526 0.5%
1920 1,517 −0.6%
1930 1,709 12.7%
1940 1,642 −3.9%
1950 1,907 16.1%
1960 2,084 9.3%
1970 2,597 24.6%
1980 2,523 −2.8%
1990 3,874 53.5%
2000 5,090 31.4%
2010 8,544 67.9%
Est. 2015 8,574 0.4%
Population sources:
1810-2000 1810-1920 1840
1850-1870 1850 1870
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,544 people, 3,401 households, and 2,452 families residing in the township. The population density was 393.0 per square mile (151.7/km2). There were 3,529 housing units at an average density of 162.3 per square mile (62.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 79.04% (6,753) White, 10.42% (890) Black or African American, 0.16% (14) Native American, 7.69% (657) Asian, 0.06% (5) Pacific Islander, 0.62% (53) from other races, and 2.01% (172) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.01% (428) of the population.

There were 3,401 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the township, the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 18.3% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 27.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.9 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $74,671 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,953) and the median family income was $97,774 (+/- $17,454). Males had a median income of $62,215 (+/- $5,997) versus $57,917 (+/- $10,212) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $38,899 (+/- $4,224). About 2.5% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,090 people, 2,077 households, and 1,561 families residing in the township. The population density was 234.3 people per square mile (90.5/km²). There were 2,122 housing units at an average density of 97.7 per square mile (37.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.42% White, 1.91% African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.83% of the population.

There were 2,077 households out of which 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.4% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the township the population was spread out with 18.7% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 31.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $50,757, and the median income for a family was $59,040. Males had a median income of $45,560 versus $40,968 for females. The per capita income for the township was $26,559. About 2.9% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of 2010, the township had a total of 76.02 miles (122.34 km) of roadways, of which 37.12 miles (59.74 km) were maintained by the municipality, 18.42 miles (29.64 km) by Burlington County and 13.67 miles (22.00 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 6.81 miles (10.96 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike) stretches northwest for 3.1 miles (5.0 km) through the township, connecting Florence Township in the west to Chesterfield Township on the township's northern border. Interchange 6 on the turnpike, which connects to the Pennsylvania Extension and Route 130, is located in the township. The Exit 6 tollgate is located further west on the Pennsylvania Extension in Florence Township.

Beginning in 2004 and lasting until early November 2014, a large construction project widened a 35-mile (56 km) section of the Turnpike between Interchange 6 in Mansfield Township and Interchange 9 in East Brunswick Township in Middlesex County. This project included the construction of two new carriageways (to accommodate the outer roadways, or truck lanes) bringing the roadway up to 12 lanes of traffic in a 3-3-3-3 "dual-dual" configuration of separate truck and car lanes in each direction, and relocating the southern merge point of these two lanes into Mansfield from its former end at Interchange 8A in Monroe Township, Middlesex County.

Interstate 295 passes through the township as do U.S. Route 130, U.S. Route 206 and Route 68. county Route 543 also passes through.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service in the township between Trenton and Philadelphia on the 409 route.

Images for kids


Mansfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.