Ocean County, New Jersey facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Location within the U.S. state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location within the U.S.
|Seat||Toms River Township|
|Largest city||Lakewood Township (population)
Jackson Township (area)
|• Total||915.40 sq mi (2,370.9 km2)|
|• Land||628.78 sq mi (1,628.5 km2)|
|• Water||286.62 sq mi (742.3 km2) 31.31%%|
592,497 (2016 est.; 6th largest)
|• Density||936/sq mi (361.5/km2)|
|Congressional districts||2nd, 3rd, 4th|
Ocean County is a county located along the Jersey Shore in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its county seat is Toms River, which, like the county itself, has been one of the fastest growing areas of the state since the 1990s. As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 592,497, making it the state's sixth-most populous county, a 2.8% increase from the 576,567 enumerated in the 2010 United States Census, having increased by 65,651 (+12.8%) from the 2000 Census population of 510,916. surpassing Union County to become the fifth-most populous county in the state and making Ocean County the fastest growing in the state of New Jersey in terms of increase in the number of residents and second-highest in percentage growth. Ocean County was established on February 15, 1850, from portions of Monmouth County, with the addition of Little Egg Harbor Township which was annexed from Burlington County on March 30, 1891. The most populous place was Lakewood Township, with 92,843 residents at the time of the 2010 Census (up 32,491 since 2000, the largest population increase of any municipality in the state), while Jackson Township, covered 100.62 square miles (260.6 km2), the largest total area of any municipality in the county.
Ocean County is located 50 miles (80 km) east of Philadelphia, 70 miles (110 km) south of New York City, and 25 miles (40 km) north of Atlantic City, making it a prime destination for residents of these cities during the summer. As with the entire Jersey Shore, summer traffic routinely clogs local roadways throughout the season.
Ocean County is part of the New York metropolitan area, and is home to many tourist attractions frequently visited by Delaware Valley residents, especially the beachfront communities of Seaside Heights, Long Beach Island, Point Pleasant Beach, as well as Six Flags Great Adventure, which is the home of the world's tallest and second-fastest roller coaster, Kingda Ka. Ocean County is also a gateway to New Jersey's Pine Barrens, one of the largest protected pieces of land on the East Coast.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the county had as of the 2010 Census a total area of 915.40 square miles (2,370.9 km2), the second-largest county in New Jersey (behind Burlington County), of which 628.78 square miles (1,628.5 km2) of land (68.7%) and 286.62 square miles (742.3 km2) of water (31.31%).
Much of the county is flat and coastal, with many beaches. The highest point is one of three unnamed hills (one in Jackson Township, the other two in Plumsted Township) that reach at least 230 feet (70 m) in elevation. The lowest elevation in the county is sea level.
- Monmouth County, New Jersey – north
- Atlantic County, New Jersey – south
- Burlington County, New Jersey – west
National protected area
Climate and weather
|Weather chart for Toms River, New Jersey|
|temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Toms River have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −19 °F (−28 °C) was recorded in January 1982 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1999. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.30 inches (84 mm) in February to 4.79 inches (122 mm) in March. Areas closer to the coast typically experience more mild winters and cooler summers due to the Atlantic Ocean's influence.
|Historical sources: 1790–1990
As of the census of 2010, there were 576,567 people, 221,111 households, and 149,250 families residing in the county. The population density was 917 per square mile (354/km2). There were 278,052 housing units at an average density of 442.2 per square mile (170.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the county was 90.98% (524,577) White, 3.15% (18,164) Black or African American, 0.17% (966) Native American, 1.75% (10,081) Asian, 0.02% (129) Pacific Islander, 2.46% (14,165) from other races, and 1.47% (8,485) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.29% (47,783) of the population.
There were 221,111 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 21% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.6 years. For every 100 females there were 92 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 88.3 males.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 510,916 people, 200,402 households, and 137,876 families residing in the county. The population density was 803 people per square mile (310/km²). There were 248,711 housing units at an average density of 151/km² (391/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 93.05% White, 2.99% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.24% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. 5.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those who listed their ancestry, 25.3% were of Italian, 23.6% Irish, 18.7% German, 8.8% Polish and 8.5% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 200,402 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 22.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,443, and the median income for a family was $56,420. Males had a median income of $44,822 versus $30,717 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,054. About 4.8% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 Census, Mantoloking was the wealthiest community in the state of New Jersey with a per capita money income of $114,017 as of 1999.
Six Flags Great Adventure, America's largest Six Flags theme park, is home to the world's tallest and formerly fastest roller coaster, Kingda Ka. The park also contains Six Flags Hurricane Harbor, New Jersey's largest water park, and the 2,200-acre (890 ha) Six Flags Wild Safari, the largest drive-thru animal safari outside of Africa.
Forty miles of barrier beaches form the Barnegat and Little Egg Harbor Bays, offering ample watersports. It also is home of the Tuckerton Seaport, a 40-acre (160,000 m2) maritime history village in Tuckerton. In addition to being the northeast gateway to New Jersey's Pine Barrens, Ocean County is also home to several state parks:
Ocean County is home to the Ocean County Mall in Toms River, featuring a gross leasable area of 898,000 square feet (83,400 m2). FirstEnergy Park opened in 2001 with 6,588 reserved seats and is home of the Lakewood BlueClaws, the Class A-affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies.
Municipalities in Ocean County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area in square miles) are: Other, unincorporated communities in the county are listed alongside their parent municipality (or municipalities). Most of these areas are census-designated places that have been created by the United States Census Bureau for enumeration purposes within a Township. The numbers in parentheses stand for the numbers on the map.
|Municipality (map index)||Municipal
|Unincorporated communities / notes|
|Barnegat Light (6)||borough||574||1,282||0.85||0.12||0.73||785.1||1,753.6|
|Barnegat Township (29)||township||20,936||9,085||40.78||6.41||34.38||609.0||264.35||Barnegat CDP (2,817), Ocean Acres (part; 925 of 16,142)|
|Bay Head (16)||borough||968||1,023||0.70||0.12||0.58||1,662.8||1,757.3|
|Beach Haven (2)||borough||1,170||2,667||2.32||1.34||0.98||1,196.0||2,726.2|
|Berkeley Township (26)||township||41,255||23,818||56.00||13.13||42.86||962.5||555.7||Crossley, Holiday City-Berkeley (13,884), Holiday City South (3,689), Holiday Heights (2,099), Silver Ridge (1,133)|
|Brick Township (23)||township||75,072||33,677||32.32||6.60||25.72||2,919.4||1,309.6||Laurelton, Osbornsville, Parkway Pines|
|Eagleswood Township (31)||township||1,603||760||18.86||2.80||16.06||99.8||47.3|
|Harvey Cedars (5)||borough||337||1,214||1.19||0.63||0.56||604.6||2,178.0|
|Island Heights (10)||borough||1,673||831||0.91||0.30||0.61||2,738.3||1,360.2|
|Jackson Township (21)||township||54,856||20,342||100.62||1.38||99.24||552.7||205.0||Bennetts Mills, Cassville, Ridgeway (part), Vista Center (3,689)|
|Lacey Township (27)||township||27,644||11,573||98.53||15.27||83.26||332.0||139.0||Aserdaten, Forked River (5,244), Lanoka Harbor|
|Lakewood Township (22)||township||92,843||26,337||24.98||0.41||24.58||3,777.7||1,071.6||Lakewood CDP (53,805), Leisure Village (4,400), Leisure Village East (4,217)|
|Little Egg Harbor Township (33)||township||20,065||10,324||73.05||25.69||47.37||423.6||218.0||Mystic Island (8,493)|
|Long Beach Township (32)||township||3,051||9,216||22.04||16.59||5.44||560.5||1,693.0||North Beach Haven (2,235)|
|Manchester Township (25)||township||43,070||25,886||82.69||1.07||81.62||527.7||317.2||Cedar Glen Lakes (1,421), Cedar Glen West (1,267), Crestwood Village (7,907), Leisure Knoll (2,490), Leisure Village West (3,493), Pine Lake Park (8,707), Pine Ridge at Crestwood (2,369), Ridgeway (part), Wheatland|
|Ocean Gate (9)||borough||2,011||1,203||0.45||0.01||0.45||4,490.3||2,686.1|
|Ocean Township (28)||township||8,332||4,291||32.04||11.49||20.56||405.3||208.8||Brookville, Waretown (1,569)|
|Pine Beach (11)||borough||2,127||903||0.62||0.00||0.61||3,465.4||1,471.2|
|Plumsted Township (20)||township||8,421||3,067||40.15||0.44||39.71||212.1||77.2||New Egypt (2,512)|
|Point Pleasant (18)||borough||18,392||8,331||4.17||0.68||3.49||5,272.1||2,388.1|
|Point Pleasant Beach (17)||borough||4,665||3,373||1.74||0.32||1.43||3,270.1||2,364.4|
|Seaside Heights (8)||borough||2,887||3,003||0.75||0.13||0.62||4,662.9||4,850.2|
|Seaside Park (7)||borough||1,579||2,703||0.77||0.12||0.65||2,429.4||4,158.7|
|Ship Bottom (3)||borough||1,156||2,066||1.00||0.29||0.71||1,620.6||2,896.3|
|South Toms River (13)||borough||3,684||1,160||1.23||0.06||1.17||3,146.7||990.8|
|Stafford Township (30)||township||26,535||13,604||54.88||9.03||45.85||578.8||296.7||Beach Haven West (3,896), Manahawkin (2,303), Mayetta, Ocean Acres (part; 15,217 of 16,142)|
|Surf City (4)||borough||1,205||2,566||0.92||0.17||0.75||1,616.5||3,442.4|
|Toms River Township (24)||township||91,239||43,334||52.88||12.40||40.49||2,253.5||1,070.3||Dover Beaches North (1,239), Dover Beaches South (1,209)|
Images for kids
Ocean County Courthouse in Toms River, New Jersey (built 1850).
Ocean County, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.