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Surf City, New Jersey
|Borough of Surf City|
Map of Surf City in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Surf City, New Jersey
|Incorporated||September 19, 1894 as Long Beach City|
|Renamed||May 26, 1899 as Surf City|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Total||1.32 sq mi (3.43 km2)|
|• Land||0.74 sq mi (1.93 km2)|
|• Water||0.58 sq mi (1.50 km2) 43.94%|
|Area rank||468th of 565 in state
20th of 33 in county
|Elevation||3 ft (0.9 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Rank||526th of 566 in state
27th of 33 in county
|• Density||1,616.5/sq mi (624.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||323rd of 566 in state
17th of 33 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
08008 - Beach Haven
|GNIS feature ID||0885413|
Surf City is a borough in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,205, reflecting a decline of 237 (-16.4%) from the 1,442 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 67 (+4.9%) from the 1,375 counted in the 1990 Census. The borough borders the Atlantic Ocean on Long Beach Island.
What is now Surf City was originally formed as Long Beach City borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on September 19, 1894, from portions of Stafford Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. The borough was renamed Surf City by a resolution of the Borough Council as of May 26, 1899. The name was changed to avoid confusion with other places on the island and along the Jersey Shore.
Present-day Surf City was home to the first big boarding hotel on the Jersey Shore, called the Mansion of Health. The area surrounding this hotel was called "Buzby's Place" in the 1830s and 1840s, after one of the owners of the Mansion of Health, Hudson Buzby. The Mansion of Health burned down in 1874, but some old-timers still call the cove at the foot of South First Street on the bay side "Mansion Cove."
In 1875, the 20 or so permanent residents of the area decided to call the area Long Beach City, even though the area was still considered part of Stafford Township. In 1894, Surf City was incorporated, changing its name to Surf City in 1899 after the United States Postal Service demanded a name change before the town could incorporate, preventing it from being confused with Long Branch in Monmouth County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.917 square miles (2.376 km2), including 0.745 square miles (1.931 km2) of land and 0.172 square miles (0.446 km2) of water (18.76%).
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,205 people, 622 households, and 366 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,616.5 per square mile (624.1/km2). There were 2,566 housing units at an average density of 3,442.4 per square mile (1,329.1/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 95.52% (1,151) White, 1.33% (16) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 0.58% (7) Asian, 0.33% (4) Pacific Islander, 1.41% (17) from other races, and 0.83% (10) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.06% (61) of the population.
There were 622 households out of which 10.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.2% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.94 and the average family size was 2.45.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 9.4% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 14.6% from 25 to 44, 32.9% from 45 to 64, and 38.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 59.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 96.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,375 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,908) and the median family income was $74,479 (+/- $16,901). Males had a median income of $58,750 (+/- $18,197) versus $51,000 (+/- $27,120) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $42,677 (+/- $4,230). About 2.9% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,442 people, 706 households, and 420 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,990.4 people per square mile (773.3/km2). There were 2,621 housing units at an average density of 3,617.9 per square mile (1,405.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.06% White, 0.14% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.42% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.
There were 706 households, out of which 13.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.04 and the average family size was 2.61.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 12.4% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 34.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $38,190, and the median income for a family was $50,268. Males had a median income of $40,625 versus $25,208 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,632. About 5.6% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 16.97 mi (27.31 km) of roadways, of which 15.30 mi (24.62 km) were maintained by the municipality and 1.67 mi (2.69 km) by Ocean County.
No Interstate, U.S. or state highways serve Surf City. The main road serving the borough is County Route 607 (Long Beach Boulevard).
Ocean Ride local service is provided on the OC9 Long Beach Island route.
The LBI Shuttle operates along Long Beach Boulevard, providing free service every 5 to 20 minutes from 10:00 AM to 10:00 PM. It serves the Long Beach Island municipalities / communities of Barnegat Light, Loveladies, Harvey Cedars, North Beach, Surf City, Ship Bottom, Long Beach Township, Beach Haven and Holgate.
The Surf City Yacht Club participates in weekly races against other yacht clubs throughout the Island, with many sailors and swimmers ranging in age dedicating their summers to the Yacht Club.
The Surf City Beach Patrol won the Surf City Epic, Lavallette, Ortley Beach, Island Beach State Park, the Midway Beach, and "Islands" Tournaments in 2008, narrowly missing out on victories at Sandy Hook (2nd) and the Ship Bottom (2nd) "State Tournament" losing by only a combined 4.5 points. The SCBP squad were back-to-back LBIBPA Island Champions (2007 & 2008) for the first time in the last 25+ years. The high point of the season came during the IBSP tournament when Surf City won by 23 points.
From kindergarten through sixth grade, public school students attend the Long Beach Island Consolidated School District, which also serves students from Barnegat Light, Harvey Cedars, Long Beach Township and Ship Bottom. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of two schools, had an enrollment of 234 students and 33.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 7.1:1. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Ethel Jacobsen School in Surf City with 111 students in pre-kindergarten to second grade and Long Beach Island Grade School in Ship Bottom with 125 students in grades 3 – 6. The district's board of education is made of nine members who are directly elected from the constituent municipalities on a staggered basis, with three members elected each year. Of the nine seats, two members are elected from Surf City.
Students in public school for seventh through twelfth grades attend the Southern Regional School District, which serves the five municipalities in the Long Beach Island Consolidated School District, along with students from Beach Haven and Stafford Township, as well as students from Ocean Township (including its Waretown section) who attend as part of a sending/receiving relationship. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Southern Regional Middle School with 944 students in grades 7–8 and Southern Regional High School with 1,941 students in grades 9–12. Both schools are in the Manahawkin section of Stafford Township.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Surf City include:
- Christopher J. Connors (born 1956), member of the New Jersey Senate from the 9th Legislative District since 2008, when he succeeded his father.
- Leonard T. Connors (1929-2016), politician who served in the State Senate from 1982 to 2008 representing the 9th Legislative District, and served for nearly 50 years as mayor of Surf City, from 1966 to 2015.
Surf City, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.