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Long Beach Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Long Beach
Map of Long Beach Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Long Beach Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Long Beach Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Long Beach Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Ocean County, New Jersey.gif Ocean
Incorporated March 23, 1899
Government
 • Type Walsh Act
 • Body Board of Commissioners
Area
 • Total 21.99 sq mi (56.95 km2)
 • Land 5.45 sq mi (14.11 km2)
 • Water 16.54 sq mi (42.84 km2)  75.22%
Area rank 124th of 565 in state
13th of 33 in county
Elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 • Total 3,051
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,071
 • Rank 451st of 566 in state
18th of 33 in county
 • Density 560.5/sq mi (216.4/km2)
 • Density rank 435th of 566 in state
26th of 33 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08008
Area code(s) 609 exchanges: 207, 361, 492, 494
FIPS code 3402941250
GNIS feature ID 0882066
Website

Long Beach Township is a Walsh Act Township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,051 reflecting a decline of 278 (-8.4%) from the 3,329 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 78 (-2.3%) from the 3,407 counted in the 1990 Census.

Most of the township is located on Long Beach Island, a barrier island along the Atlantic Ocean whose summer population swells to as much as 130,000, including part-time residents and tourists. In October 2012, Long Beach Township was severely affected by Hurricane Sandy, with township mayor Joe Mancini estimating that potential costs to repair the damage estimated as high as $1 billion across Long Beach Island. As a result of the storm surge, flooding and high winds, dozens of homes and businesses were damaged or destroyed. After the waters receded, streets were left covered with up to four feet of sand in some spots. Governor Chris Christie issued a mandatory evacuation order on October 28, and it remained in place until a full 13 days after the storm. The township established a Sandy Relief Fund to assist residents in their recovery from the hurricane.

Long Beach Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1899, from portions of Eagleswood Township, Little Egg Harbor Township, Ocean Township, Stafford Township and Union Township (now known as Barnegat Township). Portions of the township were taken to form Barnegat City (March 29, 1904, now Barnegat Light) and Ship Bottom-Beach Arlington (March 3, 1925, now Ship Bottom). The name derives from the length of the island along Barnegat Bay.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Long Beach township had a total area of 22.036 square miles (57.073 km2), including 5.444 square miles (14.099 km2) of land and 16.592 square miles (42.974 km2) of water (75.30%).

North Beach Haven (with a 2010 Census population of 2,235) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Long Beach Township. Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include the Long Beach Island communities of Bay Vista, Beach Haven Crest, Beach Haven Gardens, Beach Haven Heights, Beach Haven Inlet, Beach Haven Park, Beach Haven Terrace, Brant Beach, Brighton Beach, Haven Beach, High Bar Harbor, Holgate, Loveladies, North Beach, North Beach Haven, Peahala Park, South Beach Haven, Spray Beach, and the Dunes.

The township is divided into four discontiguous land areas. The most populous, with most of the named places, is located north of Beach Haven and south of Ship Bottom. The Holgate section is south of Beach Haven; most of it is a wildlife preserve. Loveladies and High Bar Harbor form the northernmost, between Harvey Cedars and Barnegat Light. North Beach and Frazier Park north of Surf City and south of Harvey Cedars.

The township borders the Ocean County municipalities of Barnegat Light, Barnegat Township, Beach Haven, Eagleswood Township, Harvey Cedars, Little Egg Harbor Township, Ocean Township, Ship Bottom, Stafford Township and Surf City.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 152
1910 107 −29.6%
1920 106 −0.9%
1930 355 234.9%
1940 425 19.7%
1950 840 97.6%
1960 1,561 85.8%
1970 2,910 86.4%
1980 3,488 19.9%
1990 3,407 −2.3%
2000 3,329 −2.3%
2010 3,051 −8.4%
2019 (est.) 3,071 0.7%
Population sources:
1900-2000 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,051 people, 1,539 households, and 943 families residing in the township. The population density was 560.5 per square mile (216.4/km2). There were 9,216 housing units at an average density of 1,693.0 per square mile (653.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 96.98% (2,959) White, 0.26% (8) Black or African American, 0.03% (1) Native American, 0.49% (15) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.57% (48) from other races, and 0.66% (20) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.13% (126) of the population.

There were 1,539 households out of which 9.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.98 and the average family size was 2.48.

In the township, the population was spread out with 9.9% under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 12.7% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 40.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 61.3 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $77,396 (with a margin of error of +/- $15,929) and the median family income was $95,417 (+/- $12,507). Males had a median income of $69,922 (+/- $25,066) versus $59,688 (+/- $18,587) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $63,020 (+/- $9,706). About 2.3% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,329 people, 1,664 households, and 1,038 families residing in the township. The population density was 627.3 people per square mile (242.1/km2). There were 9,023 housing units at an average density of 1,700.1 per square mile (656.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 98.53% White, 0.24% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.10% of the population.

There were 1,664 households, out of which 12.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.50.

In the township the population was spread out, with 11.7% under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 17.9% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 36.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 57 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $48,697, and the median income for a family was $59,833. Males had a median income of $41,681 versus $31,528 for females. The per capita income for the township was $33,404. About 3.8% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

2018-10-04 13 24 55 View north along Ocean County Route 607 (Long Beach Boulevard) at 21st Street in Long Beach Township, Ocean County, New Jersey
County Route 607 (Long Beach Boulevard) northbound in Long Beach Township

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 66.33 miles (106.75 km) of roadways, of which 54.41 miles (87.56 km) were maintained by the municipality and 11.92 miles (19.18 km) by Ocean County.

No Interstate, U.S. or state highways serve Long Beach Township. The main road serving the township is County Route 607 (Long Beach Boulevard).

Public transportation

Ocean Ride local service is provided on the OC9 LBI North / South route.

The LBI Shuttle operates along Long Beach Boulevard, providing free service every 5 to 20 minutes from 10:00 AM to 10:00 PM. It serves the Long Beach Island municipalities/communities of Barnegat Light, Loveladies, Harvey Cedars, North Beach, Surf City, Ship Bottom, Long Beach Township, Beach Haven and Holgate.

Surf Line Bus services sections of Long Beach Township in the summer months, with buses from New York City to LBI on Friday night, returning to New York City on Sunday night. Transportazumah provides daily bus service to and from New York during the summer season.

Education

For Kindergarten through sixth grade, public school students attend the Long Beach Island Consolidated School District, which serves students from Barnegat Light, Harvey Cedars, Long Beach Township, Ship Bottom and Surf City. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of two schools, had an enrollment of 234 students and 33.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 7.1:1. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Ethel Jacobsen School in Surf City with 111 students in pre-kindergarten to second grade and Long Beach Island Grade School in Ship Bottom with 125 students in grades 3 – 6. The district's board of education is made of nine members who are directly elected from the constituent municipalities on a staggered basis, with three members elected each year. Of the nine seats, four members are elected from Long Beach Township.

Students in public school for seventh through twelfth grades attend the Southern Regional School District, which serves the five municipalities in the Long Beach Island Consolidated School District, along with students from Beach Haven and Stafford Township, as well as students from Ocean Township (including its Waretown section) who attend as part of a sending/receiving relationship. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Southern Regional Middle School with 944 students in grades 7–8 and Southern Regional High School with 1,941 students in grades 9–12. Both schools are in the Manahawkin section of Stafford Township.

At the time of its founding in 1957, the Southern Regional School District had a roughly equal number of students from Long Beach Island and Stafford Township. By 2016, the overwhelming majority of students were from Stafford Township, accounting for nearly 90% of enrollment. These demographic changes have led to significant discrepancies in the cost per pupil sent to the district from each community, with Harvey Cedars and Long Beach Township paying more than $200,000 per pupil, while Stafford Township's costs are $3,600 for each student. These widely different costs result from a formula that uses the taxable property value in each municipality to apportion costs, which means that municipalities with relatively high property values and small numbers of students pay a higher share of total district costs. Some residents of Long Beach Island communities are seeking to amend the formula to take advantage of a 1993 law that allows districts to use both property value and enrollment to allocate property taxes, though that would require passage of referendums in each municipality.

St. Mary Academy near Manahawkin CDP, a K-8 school of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton, is in the area. From 1997, until 2019 it operated as All Saints Regional Catholic School and was collectively managed by five churches, with one being St. Francis of Assisi Church in Brant Beach. In 2019 St. Mary Church in Barnegat took entire control of the school, which remained on the same Manahawkin campus, and changed its name. The other churches no longer operate the school but still may send students there.

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