Monmouth County, New Jersey facts for kids

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Monmouth County, New Jersey
Seal of Monmouth County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Monmouth County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the USA highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1683
Seat Freehold Borough
Largest City Middletown Township (population)
Howell Township (area)
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

665.32 sq mi (1,723 km²)
468.79 sq mi (1,214 km²)
196.53 sq mi (509 km²), 29.54%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

630,380
625,846 (2016 est.; 5th largest)
1,341/sq mi (517.8/km²)
Website: http://www.co.monmouth.nj.us/
Named for: Rhode Island Monmouth Society or Monmouthshire

Monmouth County /ˈmɒnməθ/ is a county located in Central New Jersey, in the United States within the New York metropolitan area, and the northernmost county along the Jersey Shore. As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 625,846, making it the state's fifth-most populous county, representing a decrease of 0.7% from the 2010 Census, when the population was enumerated at 630,380, in turn an increase of 15,079 from 615,301 at the 2000 Census. As of 2010, the county fell to the fifth-most populous county in the state, having been surpassed by Hudson County. Its county seat is Freehold Borough. The most populous place was Middletown Township, with 66,522 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Howell Township covered 61.21 square miles (158.5 km2), the largest total area of any municipality.

Monmouth County ranked 38th among the highest-income counties in the United States as of 2011, placing it among the top 1.2% of counties by wealth. As of 2009, it was ranked 56th in the United States by personal per-capita income.

History

An English navigator, Henry Hudson, and his crew aboard the Dutch vessel Half Moon, in 1609, spotted land in what is now Monmouth County, most likely off Sandy Hook; however, some historical accounts credit this landing to present-day Keansburg. Among the first European settlers and majority landowners in the area was Richard and Penelope Stout. Penelope miraculously survived her wounds from a native attack in Sandy Hook and further lived to the age of 110. Additionally, a group of Quaker families from Long Island who settled the Monmouth Tract, an early land grant from Richard Nicolls issued in 1665. They were followed by a group of Scottish settlers who inhabited Freehold Township in about 1682–85, followed several years later by Dutch settlers. As they arrived in this area, they were greeted by Lenape Native Americans, who lived in scattered small family bands and developed a largely amicable relationship with the new arrivals. Enslaved Africans were present in the area from at least 1680, and by 1726 made up 9% of the total population of the county.

Monmouth County was established on March 7, 1683, while part of the province of East Jersey. On October 31, 1693, the county was partitioned into the townships of Freehold, Middletown and Shrewsbury. Its name may come from the Rhode Island Monmouth Society or from a suggestion from Colonel Lewis Morris that the county should be named after Monmouthshire in Wales, Great Britain. Other suggestions include that it was named for James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (1649–1685), who had many allies among the East Jersey leadership. In 1714, the first county government was established.

At the June 28, 1778, Battle of Monmouth, near Freehold Township, General George Washington's soldiers battled the British under Sir Henry Clinton, in the longest land battle of the American Revolutionary War. It was at Monmouth that the tactics and training from Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben developed at Valley Forge during the winter encampment were first implemented on a large scale.

At independence, Monmouth's population included 1,640 slaves, as well as an undetermined number of free African Americans. The number of enslaved persons fell steeply after 1820, though a small number remained until at least 1850. Monmouth's free African American population climbed from 353 in 1790 to 2,658 in 1860.

Geography

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 665.32 square miles (1,723.2 km2), including 468.79 square miles (1,214.2 km2) of land (70.5%) and 196.53 square miles (509.0 km2) of water (29.5%).

Much of Monmouth County remains flat and low-lying even far inland. However, there are some low hills in and around Holmdel Township, and one of them, Crawford Hill, the former site of a radar facility, is the county's highest point, variously listed at 380 to 391 feet (116 to 119 m) above sea level. The top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories. The northeastern portion of the county, in the Locust section of Middletown Township and the boroughs of Highlands and Atlantic Highlands, are also very hilly. The lowest point is sea level.

Along with adjacent Ocean County, Monmouth County is a mecca of boating and fishing. Its waterways include several rivers and bays that flow from the Raritan Bayshore into Raritan Bay and Lower New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean. The Manasquan Inlet is located in the county, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the estuary of the Manasquan River, a bay-like body of saltwater that serves as the starting point of the Intracoastal Waterway, which attracts as many as 1,600 boats each weekend during the peak season.

Adjacent counties

The county adjoins:

National protected area

  • Gateway National Recreation Area (part)

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 16,918
1800 19,872 17.5%
1810 22,150 11.5%
1820 25,038 13.0%
1830 29,233 16.8%
1840 32,909 12.6%
1850 30,313 * −7.9%
1860 39,346 29.8%
1870 46,195 17.4%
1880 55,538 20.2%
1890 69,128 24.5%
1900 82,057 18.7%
1910 94,734 15.4%
1920 104,925 10.8%
1930 147,209 40.3%
1940 161,238 9.5%
1950 225,327 39.7%
1960 334,401 48.4%
1970 461,849 38.1%
1980 503,173 8.9%
1990 553,124 9.9%
2000 615,301 11.2%
2010 630,380 2.5%
Est. 2016 625,846 1.7%
Historical sources: 1790-1990
1970-2010 2000 2010 2000-2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 630,380 people, 233,983 households, and 163,320 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,344.7 per square mile (519.2/km2). There were 258,410 housing units at an average density of 551.2 per square mile (212.8/km2)*. The racial makeup of the county was 82.60% (520,716) White, 7.37% (46,443) Black or African American, 0.19% (1,211) Native American, 4.96% (31,258) Asian, 0.03% (211) Pacific Islander, 2.89% (18,187) from other races, and 1.96% (12,354) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.67% (60,939) of the population.

There were 233,983 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.9 males.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 615,301 people, 224,236 households, and 160,328 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,304 people per square mile (503/km²). There were 240,884 housing units at an average density of 510 per square mile (197/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.39% White, 8.06% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 3.97% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.74% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 6.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Based on the first ancestries reported by Monmouth County residents in the 2000 Census, 23.2% of residents were of Italian ancestry, 23.0% Irish, 14.0% German, 7.5% Polish and 7.0% English ancestry.

There were 224,236 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $64,271, and the median income for a family was $76,823. Males had a median income of $55,030 versus $35,415 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,149. About 4.5% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

Monmouth County has numerous important roads that pass through. As of May 2010, the county had a total of 3,354.67 miles (5,398.82 km) of roadways, of which 2,762.31 miles (4,445.51 km) are maintained by the local municipality, 360.42 miles (580.04 km) by Monmouth County and 204.89 miles (329.74 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 27.05 miles (43.53 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

The state routes include Route 18, Route 33, Route 33 Business, Route 34, Route 35, Route 36, Route 66, Route 70, Route 71, Route 79, and Route 138. U.S. Route 9 passes through and practically bisects Monmouth, stretching through the county for more than 20 miles (32 km) from Lakewood in Ocean County in the south to Old Bridge Township in Middlesex County to the north.

Limited access roads include Interstate 195, the only interstate to pass through the county, which extends for 8.4 miles (13.5 km) from Jackson in Ocean County on the west to Wall in Monmouth County on the east. The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) just misses the county border by 0.2 miles (0.32 km) near Upper Freehold Township. The Garden State Parkway extends 26.5 miles (42.6 km) from Brick Township in Ocean County in the south to Old Bridge Township in Middlesex County to the north. The Parkway's Monmouth Service Area is located at milepost 100, between exits 98 and 100.

Public transportation

Numerous New Jersey Transit buses crisscross and deliver hundreds of passengers each day to northern New Jersey and New York's Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan as well as the 317 bus line going into Philadelphia. Many hundreds more each day travel on New Jersey Transit's North Jersey Coast Line railway line, which serves Penn Station in New York City, and passes through Middlesex County, entering Monmouth County at the Raritan River, with 14 stations covering the length of the county, connecting the New York region to Atlantic Ocean shore communities.

There's also "Dock & Roll" bus service which provides additional connections to rail and ferry service to New York City, as well as local bus service in the area, offering service between Campbell's Junction bus hub, the Middletown train station, Holmdel Towne Center, Holmdel Commons and the Bayshore Ferry Terminal

Municipalities

Monmouth County New Jersey Municipalities
Index map of Monmouth County municipalities (click to see index key)

Municipalities in Monmouth County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area in square miles) are listed below. Other, unincorporated communities in the county are listed next to their parent municipality. Many of these areas are census-designated places (labeled as CDPs) that have been created by the United States Census Bureau for enumeration purposes within a township, with the 2010 Census population listed. Other communities and enclaves that exist within a municipality are also listed.

Municipality
(w/ map index)
Municipal
type
Population Housing
units
Total
area
Water
area
Land
area
Pop.
density
Housing
density
Unincorporated communities
Aberdeen Township (50) township 18,210 7,102 7.77 2.33 5.45 3,343.0 1,303.8 Cliffwood
Cliffwood Beach CDP (3,194)
Henningers Mills
Strathmore CDP (7,258)
Allenhurst (14) borough 496 365 0.28 0.02 0.26 1,887.9 1,389.3
Allentown (38) borough 1,828 735 0.63 0.03 0.60 3,023.9 1,215.8
Asbury Park (11) city 16,116 8,076 1.60 0.18 1.42 11,319.5 5,672.4
Atlantic Highlands (29) borough 4,385 2,002 4.56 3.27 1.29 3,401.2 1,552.9 Hilton
Stone Church
Avon-by-the-Sea (8) borough 1,901 1,321 0.54 0.12 0.43 4,459.1 3,098.6
Belmar (7) borough 5,794 3,931 1.65 0.60 1.05 5,544.0 3,761.4
Bradley Beach (10) borough 4,298 3,180 0.63 0.02 0.61 7,023.6 5,196.6
Brielle (1) borough 4,774 2,034 2.37 0.62 1.76 2,717.5 1,157.8 Manasquan Park
Colts Neck Township (47) township 10,142 3,735 31.79 1.06 30.73 330.0 121.5 Bucks Mill
Colonial Terrace
Cooks Mills
Montrose
Phalanx
Scobeyville
Vanderburg
Deal (15) borough 750 926 1.32 0.08 1.24 604.8 746.7
Eatontown (24) borough 12,709 5,723 5.88 0.05 5.83 2,181.5 982.3
Englishtown (36) borough 1,847 647 0.59 0.02 0.57 3,245.7 1,137.0
Fair Haven (20) borough 6,121 2,065 2.11 0.51 1.60 3,832.5 1,292.9
Farmingdale (34) borough 1,329 578 0.52 0.00 0.52 2,547.7 1,108.0
Freehold Borough (35) borough 12,052 4,249 1.95 0.00 1.95 6,180.8 2,179.1
Freehold Township (42) township 36,184 13,140 38.73 0.22 38.50 939.8 341.3 Burlington Heights
East Freehold CDP (4,894)
Georgia
Orchard Estates
Siloam
Smithburg
Stonehurst East
Stonehurst West
West Freehold CDP (13,613)
Hazlet Township (53) township 20,334 7,417 5.67 0.12 5.56 3,659.4 1,334.8 Centerville
Mechanicsville
North Centerville
Tiltons Corner
Van Marters Corner
West Keansburg
Highlands (28) borough 5,005 3,146 1.37 0.60 0.77 6,522.8 4,100.1 Waterwitch
Holmdel Township (51) township 16,773 5,792 18.11 0.22 17.90 937.3 323.7 Centerville
Crawford Corners
Everett
Morrells Corner
Pleasant Valley Crossroads
Howell Township (43) township 51,075 17,979 61.21 0.65 60.56 843.4 296.9 Adelphia
Ardena
Ardmore Estates
Bergerville
Candlewood
Collingwood Park
Fairfield
Fort Plains
Freewood Acres
Jerseyville
Lake Club
Land of Pines
Larrabees
Lower Squankum
Matthews
Maxim
Oak Glen
Parkway Pines
Ramtown CDP (6,242)
Salem Hill
Shacks Corner
Southard
Squankum
West Farms
Winston Park
Wyckoff Mills
Interlaken (13) borough 820 393 0.38 0.05 0.33 2,482.3 1,189.7
Keansburg (30) borough 10,105 4,318 16.79 15.72 1.07 9,452.3 4,039.1 Tiltons Corner
Keyport (32) borough 7,240 3,272 1.47 0.07 1.40 5,188.4 2,344.8
Lake Como (6) borough 1,759 1,115 0.27 0.01 0.25 6,943.6 4,401.4
Little Silver (21) borough 5,950 2,278 3.32 0.61 2.71 2,197.3 841.3 Little Silver Point
Loch Arbour (12) village 194 159 0.14 0.04 0.10 1,928.2 1,580.4
Long Branch (16) city 30,719 14,170 6.28 1.01 5.27 5,824.4 2,686.7 Branchport
East Long Branch
Elberon
North Long Branch
Pier Village
West End
Manalapan Township (41) township 38,872 13,735 30.84 0.23 30.61 1,270.0 448.8 Clarks Mills
Elton
Gordons Corner
Lafayette Mills
Millhurst
Monmouth Heights
Oakland Mills
Smithburg
Taylors Mills
Tennent
Whittier Oaks
Yorketown CDP (6,535)
Manasquan (2) borough 5,897 3,500 2.53 1.15 1.38 4,263.0 2,530.2
Marlboro Township (49) township 40,191 13,436 30.47 0.11 30.36 1,323.7 442.5 Beacon Hill
Bradevelt
Claytons Corner
Henningers Mills
Herberts Corner
Hillsdale
Marlboro
Monmouth Heights
Montrose
Morganville CDP (5,040)
Mount Pleasant
Pleasant Valley
Robertsville CDP (11,297)
Smocks Corner
Spring Valley
Wickatunk
Matawan (33) borough 8,810 3,606 2.40 0.14 2.26 3,896.6 1,594.9 Freneau
Middletown Township (52) township 66,522 24,959 58.73 17.75 40.99 1,622.9 608.9 Belford CDP (1,768)
Chapel Hill
East Keansburg
Everett
Fairview CDP (3,806)
Harmony
Hendrickson Corners
Holland
Leonardo CDP (2,757)
Leonardville
Lincroft CDP (6,135)
Locust
Monmouth Hills
Navesink CDP (2,020)
New Monmouth (28,689)
North Middletown CDP (3,295)
Oak Hill
Philips Mills
Port Monmouth CDP (3,818)
Red Hill
River Plaza
Stone Church
Tiltons Corner
Town Brook
Millstone Township (40) township 10,566 3,434 37.27 0.68 36.59 288.8 93.9 Bairdsville
Bergen Mills
Carrs Corner
Carrs Tavern
Charleston Springs
Clarksburg
Ely
Elys Corner
Fair Play
Holmeson
Perrineville
Smithburg
Stone Tavern
Sweetman
Monmouth Beach (17) borough 3,279 1,981 2.07 0.99 1.08 3,049.5 1,842.4 Galilee
Neptune Township (45) township 27,935 12,991 8.67 0.49 8.18 3,414.3 1,587.8 Bradley Park
Green Grove
Hamilton
Ocean Grove CDP (3,342)
Shark River Hills CDP (3,697)
West Grove
Neptune City (9) borough 4,869 2,312 0.95 0.00 0.95 5,105.0 2,424.0
Ocean Township (46) township 27,291 11,541 11.00 0.12 10.88 2,509.1 1,061.1 Cold Indian Springs
Deal Park
Dogs Corners
Elberon Park
Green Grove
Oakhurst CDP (3,995)
Oakhurst Manor
Wanamassa CDP (4,532)
Wayside
Wertheins Corner
West Allenhurst (1,934)
West Deal
Oceanport (22) borough 5,832 2,390 3.80 0.62 3.18 1,833.7 751.5 Port-au-peck
Sands Point
Red Bank (26) borough 12,206 5,381 2.16 0.42 1.74 7,019.1 3,094.4
Roosevelt (37) borough 882 327 1.92 0.01 1.91 461.8 171.2
Rumson (19) borough 7,122 2,585 7.12 2.06 5.06 1,408.0 511.0 Oceanic
Waterloo
Sea Bright (18) borough 1,412 1,211 1.29 0.56 0.73 1,935.5 1,659.9 Low Moor
Navesink Beach
Normandie
Sea Girt (3) borough 1,828 1,291 1.45 0.39 1.06 1,729.6 1,221.5
Shrewsbury Borough (25) borough 3,809 1,310 2.20 0.03 2.17 1,757.2 604.4
Shrewsbury Township (48) township 1,141 648 0.10 0.00 0.10 10,877.7 6,177.7
Spring Lake (5) borough 2,993 2,048 1.73 0.40 1.33 2,250.8 1,540.2 North Spring Lake
Spring Lake Heights (4) borough 4,713 2,972 1.31 0.03 1.28 3,671.3 2,315.1 Villa Park
Tinton Falls (27) borough 17,892 8,766 15.62 0.14 15.49 1,155.3 566.0 Green Grove
Hockhockson
Macedonia
Pine Brook
Reevytown
Wayside
West Shrewsbury
Wileys Corner
Union Beach (31) borough 6,245 2,269 1.89 0.09 1.80 3,461.5 1,257.7 Natco
Van Marters Corner
Upper Freehold Township (39) township 6,902 2,458 47.23 0.82 46.42 148.7 53.0 Arneytown
Cooleys Corner
Cream Ridge
Ellisdale
Emleys Hill
Homes Mills
Hornerstown
Imlaystown
Kirbys Mills
Nelsonville
New Canton
New Sharon
Polhemustown
Pullentown
Red Valley
Robinsville
Sharon
Shrewsbury
Spring Mill
Walnford
Wrightsville
Wall Township (44) township 26,164 10,883 31.74 1.06 30.67 853.0 354.8 Algers Mills
Allaire
Allenwood CDP (925)
Baileys Corner
Blansingburg
Carmerville
Collingwood Park
Glendola
New Bedford
Osbornes Mills
Remsen Mills
Sterling Woods
West Belmar CDP (2,493)
West Long Branch (23) borough 8,097 2,528 2.89 0.04 2.86 2,832.9 884.5
Monmouth County county 630,380 258,410 665.32 196.53 468.79 1,344.7 551.2

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Freehold Borough, New Jersey
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.6
 
39
22
 
 
2.9
 
43
24
 
 
4.1
 
51
30
 
 
4.2
 
62
40
 
 
4.1
 
72
50
 
 
4.4
 
81
60
 
 
5
 
86
65
 
 
4.1
 
84
64
 
 
4.5
 
77
55
 
 
3.8
 
66
43
 
 
3.8
 
55
36
 
 
4
 
44
27
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

Monmouth County has a humid subtropical climate. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Freehold Borough have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 2011. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.98 inches (76 mm) in February to 5.08 inches (129 mm) in July.

On October 29, 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused catastrophic damage to coastal areas of Monmouth County. As Sandy's surge arrived in Monmouth County, flood levels of 13.31 feet (4.06 m) above normal were measured at Sandy Hook shortly before the destruction of the tidal station, breaking all previous local records. The surge caused waves as high as 32.5 feet (9.9 m), measured where the Sandy Hook Bay meets the New York Bay.


Monmouth County, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.