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Allentown, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Allentown
Allentown Mill in the center of town
Allentown Mill in the center of town
Monmouth County New Jersey Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Allentown Highlighted.svg
Census Bureau map of Allentown, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Allentown, New Jersey
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Coordinates: 40°10′43″N 74°35′24″W / 40.178578°N 74.590056°W / 40.178578; -74.590056Coordinates: 40°10′43″N 74°35′24″W / 40.178578°N 74.590056°W / 40.178578; -74.590056
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated January 29, 1889
Named for Nathan Allen or William Allen
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.62 sq mi (1.61 km2)
 • Land 0.60 sq mi (1.54 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.06 km2)  4.03%
Area rank 537th of 565 in state
45th of 53 in county
Elevation
75 ft (23 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,828
 • Estimate 
(2019)
1,775
 • Rank 496th of 566 in state
43rd of 53 in county
 • Density 3,023.9/sq mi (1,167.5/km2)
 • Density rank 214th of 566 in state
25th of 53 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08501
Area code(s) 609 Exchanges: 259, 752, 758
FIPS code 3402500760
GNIS feature ID 0885137

Allentown is a borough, located in western Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States, bordering nearby Mercer County. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,828, reflecting a decline of 54 (-2.9%) from the 1,882 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 54 (+3.0%) from the 1,828 counted in the 1990 Census. The borough is nestled within central New Jersey, and is roughly equidistant between New York City and Philadelphia.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.631 square miles (1.633 km2) including 0.605 square miles (1.566 km2) of land and 0.026 square miles (0.067 km2) of water (4.09%).

Allentown borders Upper Freehold Township in Monmouth County and Robbinsville Township in Mercer County.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 695
1910 634 −8.8%
1920 634 0.0%
1930 706 11.4%
1940 766 8.5%
1950 931 21.5%
1960 1,393 49.6%
1970 1,603 15.1%
1980 1,962 22.4%
1990 1,828 −6.8%
2000 1,882 3.0%
2010 1,828 −2.9%
2019 (est.) 1,775 −2.9%
Population sources: 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,828 people, 704 households, and 499 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,023.9 per square mile (1,167.5/km2). There were 735 housing units at an average density of 1,215.8 per square mile (469.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 90.97% (1,663) White, 4.43% (81) Black or African American, 0.11% (2) Native American, 1.53% (28) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.88% (16) from other races, and 2.08% (38) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.56% (65) of the population.

There were 704 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 34.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.4 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 89.7 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $93,250 (with a margin of error of +/- $15,183) and the median family income was $101,875 (+/- $5,413). Males had a median income of $75,125 (+/- $13,989) versus $55,119 (+/- $7,348) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,970 (+/- $2,599). About 1.8% of families and 1.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 2.5% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,882 people, 708 households, and 526 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,097.1 people per square mile (1,191.2/km2). There were 718 housing units at an average density of 1,181.6 per square mile (454.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 90.65% White, 6.43% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.58% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population.

There were 708 households, out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 26.7% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $71,193, and the median income for a family was $79,843. Males had a median income of $55,441 versus $38,667 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,455. About 1.0% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 6.84 miles (11.01 km) of roadways, of which 4.55 miles (7.32 km) were maintained by the municipality and 2.29 miles (3.69 km) by Monmouth County.

The only major roads that pass through are CR 524, CR 526 and CR 539.

Limited access roads that are accessible just outside the borough include Interstate 195 and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95).

Allentown is about one hour southwest of Manhattan via the Turnpike and about 50 minutes northeast of Philadelphia. Both Princeton and Trenton are easily accessible from Allentown via I-195.

Economy

Allentown, New Jersey downtown
Downtown Allentown

Allentown's shopping district has antique and specialty shops, as well as restaurants. Many historic homes and historic buildings are located in the borough. The Horse Park of New Jersey is a park located near the borough but does have an Allentown mailing address. Heritage Park is located within the borough near the shopping district.

The borough received the 'Village Center' designation in 2002, which will allow the borough to receive additional state aid aimed at preserving historic and natural resource sites that are at risk.

For larger scaled shopping, Freehold Raceway Mall in nearby Freehold, Quaker Bridge Mall in nearby Lawrence, and Princeton Market Fair in nearby Princeton, are a short distance away.

Education

Students in public school for kindergarten through twelfth grade attend the schools of the Upper Freehold Regional School District, together with students from Upper Freehold Township. Millstone Township sends students to the district's high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Millstone Township Schools. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of three schools, had an enrollment of 2,300 students and 196.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.7:1. Schools in the district (with 2017–18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Newell Elementary School with 513 students in pre-kindergarten through 4th grade, Stone Bridge Middle School with 518 students in grades 5 - 8 and Allentown High School with 1,245 students in grades 9 - 12. The operations of the district are overseen by a nine-member board of education, with the board's trustees elected directly by voters to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with three seats up for election each year. The nine seats are allocated to the two constituent municipalities based on population, with five assigned to Upper Freehold Township and four to Allentown.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Allentown include:

  • Doc Imlay (1889-1948), Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the Philadelphia Phillies in nine games during the 1913 Philadelphia Phillies season.
  • William Longstreet, (1759–1814), inventor who designed an improved cotton gin, a portable sawmill, and builder of a small steamboat that worked on the Savannah River.
  • Tom McCarthy (born 1968), TV announcer for the Philadelphia Phillies.
  • Linda K. Meirs (1884-1972), American Red Cross and Army nurse during World War I who was one of the first six American recipients of the Florence Nightingale Medal.
  • George Middleton (1800–1888), represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district from 1863 to 1865.
  • John B. Montgomery (1794–1872), United States Navy officer during the American Civil War, and later commanded the Pacific Squadron.
  • William A. Newell, (1817–1901), physician and politician.
  • George R. Robbins (1814–1875), represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1855 to 1859.
  • Warren Lincoln Rogers (1877–1938), bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Ohio from 1930 to 1938.
  • Billy Schuler (born 1990), soccer player for the Carolina RailHawks in the North American Soccer League.

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