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Belmar, New Jersey
|Borough of Belmar|
Map of Belmar in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Belmar, New Jersey
|Incorporated||April 9, 1885 as Ocean Beach borough|
|Renamed||April 16, 1889 as City of Elcho borough|
|Renamed||May 14, 1889 as City of Belmar borough|
|Renamed||November 20, 1890 as Borough of Belmar|
|Named for||Italian language "beautiful sea"|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Small Municipality)|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Total||1.647 sq mi (4.266 km2)|
|• Land||1.045 sq mi (2.707 km2)|
|• Water||0.602 sq mi (1.559 km2) 36.54%|
|Area rank||435th of 566 in state
35th of 53 in county
|Elevation||13 ft (4 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Rank||356th of 566 in state
31st of 53 in county
|• Density||5,544.0/sq mi (2,140.6/km2)|
|• Density rank||95th of 566 in state
10th of 53 in county
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|Area code(s)||732 exchange: 681|
|GNIS feature ID||0885155|
Belmar is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,794, reflecting a decline of 251 (-4.2%) from the 6,045 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 168 (+2.9%) from the 5,877 counted in the 1990 Census.
What is now Belmar was originally incorporated as Ocean Beach borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 9, 1885, from portions of Wall Township, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier. On April 16, 1889, it became the City of Elcho borough, which lasted for a few weeks until the name was changed to the City of Belmar Borough as of May 14, 1889. The city acquired its current name, Borough of Belmar, on November 20, 1890. The borough's name means "beautiful sea" in Italian.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.647 square miles (4.266 km2), including 1.045 square miles (2.707 km2) of land and 0.602 square miles (1.559 km2) of water (36.54%).
Belmar borders the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Monmouth County municipalities of Avon-by-the-Sea to the north, Neptune Township to the northwest, Wall Township to the west, and Lake Como and Spring Lake to the south.
|Population sources: 1900-1920
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,794 people, 2,695 households, and 1,267 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,544.0 per square mile (2,140.6/km2). There were 3,931 housing units at an average density of 3,761.4 per square mile (1,452.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 87.06% (5,044) White, 3.49% (202) Black or African American, 0.24% (14) Native American, 0.91% (53) Asian, 0.14% (8) Pacific Islander, 5.66% (328) from other races, and 2.50% (145) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.76% (971) of the population.
There were 2,695 households out of which 18.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.0% were non-families. 41.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 16.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.9 years. For every 100 females there were 106.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 108.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $59,928 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,993) and the median family income was $59,929 (+/- $10,255). Males had a median income of $52,215 (+/- $4,278) versus $44,453 (+/- $11,259) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $35,223 (+/- $4,105). About 9.2% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 6,045 people, 2,946 households, and 1,316 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,921.7 people per square mile (2,288.2/km2). There were 3,996 housing units at an average density of 3,914.5 per square mile (1,512.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.53% White, 3.46% Black, 0.18% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 1.99% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.85% of the population.
As of the 2000 Census, 28.2% of Belmar's residents were of Irish ancestry, the 12th highest of any municipality in New Jersey, for all communities in which at least 1,000 people listed their ancestry.
There were 2,946 households out of which 17.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.0% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 55.3% were non-families. 44.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the borough the population was spread out with 17.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $44,896, and the median income for a family was $61,250. Males had a median income of $40,557 versus $34,323 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,456. About 4.5% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
Parks and recreation
Belmar is a popular vacation destination because of its natural and recreational resources and close proximity to New York and Philadelphia. It features wide beaches for sunbathing, surfing, swimming, and fishing. The boardwalk and town offer shops, restaurants, an active arts scene, sporting events, festivals, and a variety of family-oriented activities (see "Annual Events" below). Belmar sits on the south side of the Shark River and boasts a large municipal marina in the bay and on the inlet itself, including the only private marina in town, Seaport Inlet Marina.
Belmar beach (as well as those of municipalities to the south, such as Manasquan and Point Pleasant) is among the most popular surf spots on the East Coast. Belmar frequently hosts surfing events and competitions. Along with surfing, Belmar also has an active skate community and skatepark constructed by American Ramp Company. The Jersey Shore Basketball League, a competitive summer basketball league, takes place at St. Rose High School every summer.
The Belmar Arts Council (BAC) sponsors regular art shows, workshops, concerts, and performances year around. BAC's gallery and workshop, the Boatworks, is located at 608 River Road, Belmar, around the corner from Klein's Seafood Restaurant near the Shark River Inlet.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 26.12 miles (42.04 km) of roadways, of which 20.85 miles (33.55 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.40 miles (5.47 km) by Monmouth County and 1.87 miles (3.01 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Route 35 and Route 71 are the two main roads that pass through. The closest limited access roads are all in neighboring Wall Township: Route 18, the Garden State Parkway and I-195.
NJ Transit provides rail transportation at the Belmar station to and from Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan, Newark Penn Station and Hoboken Terminal on the North Jersey Coast Line. New Jersey Transit also provides bus transportation between Belmar and Philadelphia on the 317 route and service on the 830 route.
- Belmar 5 Mile Johnny Cobb Memorial Run
- New Jersey Seafood Festival celebrated its 30th year in 2016. The festival, which attracted an estimated 200,000 visitors in 2015, had to be modified in scope to allow the borough to cope with the volumes of trafic.
- New Jersey Sand Castle Contest, which featured 200 participants at the 27th annual event in 2013
- St. Patrick's Day Parade
- Belmar Pro Surf Contest
- Belmar Fall Festival
- Belmar Holiday Tree Lighting Ceremony
- Belmar Spring Kite Festival
- Howard Rowland Memorial Lifeguard Tournament - an annual tournament of lifeguard teams from the Jersey Shore
- Belmar Mile Swim
- Belmar Sprint Triathlon
- The Jersey Shore Relay Run, which has a leg that goes through Belmar
- Surfer's Healing
- Belmar is home to the first and oldest first-aid squad in the United States.
- Belmar's "E" Street is the original source of Bruce Springsteen's "E Street Band". Springsteen's original keyboardist, David Sancious, was a resident of E Street in Belmar at the time the band was formed. The Sancious' family home was often used as a practice venue where they honed their musical craft in the formative pre-fame years.
- Monmouth Executive Airport in nearby Wall Township is designated with the call letters "BLM" based on its initial name of Belmar Airport.
- In the HBO series The Sopranos, Belmar is shown as the home port of Tony Soprano's boat, the Stugots.
- Guy Fieri featured Belmar and local restaurant 10th Avenue Burrito in an episode of Food Network's Diners, Drive-Ins, and Dives which originally aired on December 13, 2010.
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