Keansburg, New Jersey facts for kids

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Keansburg, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Keansburg
Nickname(s): "Gem of the Bayshore"
Map of Keansburg in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Keansburg in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Keansburg, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Keansburg, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated April 17, 1917
Named for John Kean
Area
 • Total 16.792 sq mi (43.492 km2)
 • Land 1.069 sq mi (2.769 km2)
 • Water 15.723 sq mi (40.723 km2)  93.63%
Area rank 166th of 566 in state
11th of 53 in county
Elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 10,105
 • Estimate (2015) 9,873
 • Rank 244th of 566 in state
20th of 53 in county
 • Density 9,452.3/sq mi (3,649.6/km2)
 • Density rank 38th of 566 in state
3rd of 53 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07734
Area code(s) 732 exchanges: 471, 495, 787
FIPS code 3402536480
GNIS feature ID 0885265
Website keansburgnj.gov

Keansburg (pronounced "KEENS-burg") is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 10,105, which represented a decline of 627 (-5.8%) from the 10,732 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 337 (-3.0%) from the 11,069 counted in the 1990 Census.

Keansburg was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 26, 1917, from portions of both Middletown Township and Raritan Township (now Hazlet), based on the results of a referendum held on April 17, 1917.

The borough is part of the Bayshore Regional Strategic Plan, an effort by nine municipalities in northern Monmouth County to reinvigorate the area's economy by emphasizing the traditional downtowns, dense residential neighborhoods, maritime history, and the natural beauty of the Raritan Bay coastline.

History

Keansburg Boardwalk 2
An early morning view of the boardwalk in Keansburg Amusement Park

The land that is now Keansburg was originally home to the Lenni Lenape Native Americans.

On September 3, 1609, the Half Moon, captained by Henry Hudson, is said to have landed on the shores of present-day Keansburg (although some historians argue that the landing and forthcoming explained events took place at the tip of Sandy Hook). Crewmen of the ship were attacked by the Native Americans when they departed the ship, and John Colman was killed, making him what is said to be the first European to be felled by a Native American arrow. He is believed to have been buried in the area that is today the intersection of Carr Avenue and Beachway in an area known as "Colman's Point".

In the time between 1609 and the early 18th century, the land was gradually purchased from the Lenni Lenape with other surrounding areas. The area was inhabited by Dutch, English, and Scottish settlers. In the 18th century, farming proved to be successful on Keansburg's land, with specialties being pears, apples and corn (maize).

Keansburg Beach
An early morning view of the beach in Keansburg circa August 2005

In this time, the settlement took on the name of Waackaack (pronounced "Way-kay-ack"), which came from the term "Wakioak" in the Lenape language meaning "Land of Plenty". The area was also widely known as Tanner's Landing from the early 18th century until approximately 1820, so named for the pier at the end of what was Tanner's Landing Road (now Main Street). Tanner's Landing was a principal port for the area for many years.

The are adopted its second official name of Granville, which derived from the importance of the Phillips Mill, and the grain-producing farms in the region. The name held until the 1880s. During the century, Granville became home to its own church, two lighthouses and small businesses. Roadways were beginning to form from repeated use of horse and buggies. The beach was already a favorite to visitors. Population was about 300 people, who mostly farmed and clammed for a living.

On Sunday, March 22, 1877, at "half past 9 o'clock," Granville welcomed the newly assigned pastor of the Granville Methodist Episcopal Church, William W. Ramsay. He later stated: "I arrived at the Granville Methodist Episcopal Church in Keansburg as pastor for the ensuing year. I soon learned that the hamlet consisted of about 300 inhabitants, whose occupations were mainly devoted to clamming & farming." At 19 years of age, Ramsay was slated to serve in the church for just one year. His success at the helm of church led to another year in Granville, after which he decided to make the village his permanent home. Ramsay and his wife, Eliza S. Wood, purchased the land that is 69 Church Street and opened a general store in 1881. In the coming years, Ramsay took greater and greater interest in Granville and eventually arranged a petition to establish a post office. The list of 132 names was passed on to John Kean of Elizabeth, a candidate for Congress. His efforts led to the opening of the post office in 1884, with Mrs. Ramsay serving as its first postmaster. That year, the name Keansburg was adopted in Kean's honor. A school was built at the cost of $30,000 in 1890 and sat on what is today the corner of Myrtle Avenue and Church Street (now Fallon Manor).

Further development continued with the creation of postcards depicting the village and land purchases, including acquisitions by William A. Gehlhaus and the Keansburg Beach Company. The Keansburg Steamboat Company was founded in 1910 primarily by Gelhaus as a means of providing transportation for New Yorkers who were interested in buying homes in Keansburg. In 1893, Gelhaus purchased a bakery business in Atlantic Highlands which he operated with his brothers until 1905. At that time he entered the real estate business in Keansburg. He was president of the New Point Comfort Beach Company which he formed with Jesse Sculthorp and Howard Roberts. The company owned a large real estate development in Keansburg and in 1906 laid out the Beachway. On June 18, 1909, the New Point Comfort Beach Company bought the steamboat Accomack in Norfolk, Virginia, and started a scheduled run from New York to Keansburg on July 1 that was intended as a way to bring prospective property buyers to Keansburg. Another real estate developer, Keansburg Heights Development Co., bought several thousand tickets. By July 21, more than $1,500 worth of tickets had been sold at $0.35 each. As the town became more populated, the Keansburg Beach Company sold off most of the surrounding land on Beachway Ave., keeping "just the boardwalk and amusement area."

Keansburg Boardwalk
The boardwalk in Keansburg, New Jersey. The beach is on the opposite side

Tourists from New York City would ferry over and spend the weekend or summer vacation to escape the city heat, until Hurricane Donna wiped out much of the waterfront area in 1960. In 1969, the borough spent $7.9 million on the Bayshore Hurricane Protection Plan, which had been developed with state and federal funding from The New Jersey Bureau of Navigation and the United States Army Corps of Engineers. The redevelopment plan increased the size of the beaches to protect against future storms. A number of fires in the 1980s destroyed several structures on the North side of Beachway Avenue. The Dance Hall Auditorium, Keansburg Bowling Alley and the Casino Theater were destroyed by fire during this time.

The Gelhaus family re-acquired the Keansburg Amusement Park in 1995, following a 20-year absence after Henry Gelhaus had sold the property in 1972. The return of the Gelhaus family as proprietors of the amusement park sparked a resurgence of interest in the town. Upgrades were made to the amusement park grounds and a water park was constructed. Runaway rapids was opened in 1996 on the site of the former Crystal Pool. The Keansburg Waterfront Public Library, founded in 2004, was the result of a concerted effort on the part of townspeople and the borough government to provide a high quality library with resources that address the needs and interests of the community. In 2012, the town added a $3 million desalination plant with Federal Stimulus Funds and a low interest loan from the N.J. Environmental Infrastructure Trust, which greatly improved the quality of the water supply. The town had previously stopped providing well water, as saltwater intrusion into the aquifer had exceeded environmental protection standards. The new facility removes contaminants from the water supply through reverse osmosis.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 16.792 square miles (43.492 km2), including 1.069 square miles (2.769 km2) of land and 15.723 square miles (40.723 km2) of water (93.63%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Beacon Beach, Point Comfort and Tiltons Corner.

The borough has land borders with the Monmouth County municipalities of Hazlet Township, Middletown Township and Union Beach; and has maritime borders with Aberdeen Township and Keyport, and the New York City borough of Staten Island across Raritan Bay. A small piece of Middletown Township measuring 13 acres (5.3 ha) is an exclave completely surrounded by Keansburg.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,321
1930 2,190 65.8%
1940 2,904 32.6%
1950 5,559 91.4%
1960 6,854 23.3%
1970 9,720 41.8%
1980 10,613 9.2%
1990 11,069 4.3%
2000 10,732 −3.0%
2010 10,105 −5.8%
Est. 2015 9,873 −2.3%
Population sources:
1920 1920-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,105 people, 3,805 households, and 2,409 families residing in the borough. The population density was 9,452.3 per square mile (3,649.6/km2). There were 4,318 housing units at an average density of 4,039.1 per square mile (1,559.5/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 84.17% (8,505) White, 6.57% (664) Black or African American, 0.23% (23) Native American, 1.70% (172) Asian, 0.08% (8) Pacific Islander, 4.04% (408) from other races, and 3.22% (325) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.77% (1,493) of the population.

There were 3,805 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.8% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 90.8 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $39,206 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,629) and the median family income was $52,128 (+/- $8,098). Males had a median income of $43,125 (+/- $8,899) versus $33,098 (+/- $4,163) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,246 (+/- $1,964). About 14.4% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 10,732 people, 3,872 households, and 2,563 families residing in the borough. The population density was 9,954.4 people per square mile (3,836.7/km2). There were 4,269 housing units at an average density of 3,959.7 per square mile (1,526.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.31% White, 2.13% African American, 0.10% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.74% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.95% of the population.

There were 3,872 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the borough the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $36,383, and the median income for a family was $45,438. Males had a median income of $37,229 versus $28,398 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,417. About 15.5% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 18.4% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

  • Keansburg Amusement Park
  • Runaway Rapids Waterpark
  • Henry Hudson Trail
  • Raritan Bayshore Waterfront Park
  • John Donohue III Park
  • Keansburg Firemen's Memorial Park was established in May 1938
  • Forest Park
  • St. John's Park
  • World War II Memorial Park
  • Friendship Park

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 27.53 miles (44.31 km) of roadways, of which 25.00 miles (40.23 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.41 miles (3.88 km) by Monmouth County and 0.12 miles (0.19 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Route 36 runs along the borough's southern border. The Garden State Parkway is accessible via NJ 36 in neighboring Hazlet Township.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers local bus service on the 817 route.


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