Howell Township, New Jersey facts for kids
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Howell Township, New Jersey
|Township of Howell|
Howell Community Church
Map of Howell Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Howell Township, New Jersey
|Incorporated||February 23, 1801|
|Named for||Richard Howell|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Total||61.209 sq mi (158.530 km2)|
|• Land||60.558 sq mi (156.844 km2)|
|• Water||0.651 sq mi (1.686 km2) 1.06%|
|Area rank||21st of 566 in state
1st of 53 in county
|Elevation||98 ft (30 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Rank||32nd of 566 in state
2nd of 53 in county
|• Density||843.4/sq mi (325.6/km2)|
|• Density rank||402nd of 566 in state
48th of 53 in county
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|Area code(s)||732 and 848 and 908|
|GNIS feature ID||0882113|
Howell Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 51,075, reflecting an increase of 2,172 (+4.4%) from the 48,903 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,916 (+25.4%) from the 38,987 counted in the 1990 Census.
Howell Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1801, from portions of Shrewsbury Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Brick Township in the newly created Ocean County (February 15, 1850), Wall Township (March 7, 1851) and Farmingdale (April 8, 1903). The township was named for Richard Howell, who served from 1794 to 1801 as the third Governor of New Jersey.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 61.209 square miles (158.530 km2), including 60.558 square miles (156.844 km2) of land and 0.651 square miles (1.686 km2) of water (1.06%).
Howell was formed from territory taken from Shrewsbury Township under an act of the New Jersey General Assembly passed February 23, 1801. The township, as formed, included in addition to its present area all of what is now Wall Township, Lakewood Township, Brick Township, and all the boroughs along the Atlantic Ocean from Barnegat Inlet of the Shark River Inlet at Belmar.
Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Adelphia, Ardena, Ardmore Estates, Shacks Corner, Southard, Squankum, West Farms, Winston Park, Wyckoff Mills and Yellow Brook.
The township completely surrounds Farmingdale, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another. The township borders Colts Neck Township, Freehold Township and Wall Township in Monmouth County; and Brick Township, Jackson Township and Lakewood Township in Ocean County.
1810-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
Most common ancestries in Howell Township are Italian: 23.8%, Irish: 18.7%, German: 12.7%, Other groups: 11.3%, Polish: 7.7%, English: 4.9% and Russian: 3.0%.
As of the census of 2010, there were 51,075 people, 17,260 households, and 13,618 families residing in the township. The population density was 843.4 per square mile (325.6/km2). There were 17,979 housing units at an average density of 296.9 per square mile (114.6/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 88.30% (45,100) White, 3.65% (1,865) Black or African American, 0.15% (79) Native American, 4.52% (2,309) Asian, 0.05% (23) Pacific Islander, 1.61% (822) from other races, and 1.72% (877) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.13% (4,153) of the population.
There were 17,260 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.1% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the township, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 93.5 males.
The Census Bureau showed that in 2010 median household income was $89,287 and the median family income was $102,015. Males had a median income of $71,499 versus $54,308 for females. The per capita income for the township was $35,489. About 4.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 48,903 people, 16,063 households, and 13,011 families residing in the township. The population density was 802.8 people per square mile (310.0/km²). There were 16,572 housing units at an average density of 272.1 per square mile (105.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 89.99% White, 3.56% African American, 0.12% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.34% of the population.
The most common first ancestry group cited by Howell residents in the 2000 Census was German (17.7%), English (12.7%), Irish (11.5%), United States or American (9.9%), Polish (6.6%), French (except Basque) (4.0%) and Italian (2.7%).
There were 16,063 households out of which 47.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.4% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.42.
In the township the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.
The median income for a household in the township in 2000 was $68,069, and the median income for a family was $74,623. Males had a median income of $55,349 versus $34,722 for females. The per capita income for the township was $26,143. About 3.1% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.
Parks and recreation
Manasquan Reservoir offers nature and exercise related activities such as fishing, bird watching, jogging, biking, dog walking. The reservoir also has a nature exhibit where people can go see the local wildlife.
Alfred C. Sauer Park at Echo Lake offers a dock for fishing and kayaking, a nature trail and a pavilion overlooking the lake which can be rented. There is no swimming but there are grills and picnic tables as well as a playground. In 2014, the township renamed the park in memory of Alfred C. Sauer, an environmentalist who worked to preserve the park and other natural environments in the township.
Points of interest
- St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox Church cathedral, originally established in 1936 and decorated with Byzantine-style frescos, that operates under the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 292.75 miles (471.14 km) of roadways, of which 242.91 miles (390.93 km) were maintained by the municipality, 26.25 miles (42.25 km) by Monmouth County and 23.59 miles (37.96 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Motor roads include Route 33 (the Freehold Bypass), U.S. Route 9, and Interstate 195. The Garden State Parkway just misses the township by a tenth of mile, but is accessible at interchanges 98 and 100.
NJ Transit provides bus transportation to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 139 route, to both Jersey City and Newark on the 64 and 67 routes, with local service on the 836 route.
Howell offers taxi services to and from the Belmar train station.
Cycleways, including the Edgar Felix Bikeway, connect to Manasquan and the beach, as well as other points of interest.
Howell Township, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.