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Brielle, New Jersey
Borough of Brielle
"A Community By the River"
Map of Brielle in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Brielle in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Brielle, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Brielle, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated June 3, 1919
Named for Brielle, Netherlands
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
 • Total 2.37 sq mi (6.14 km2)
 • Land 1.76 sq mi (4.55 km2)
 • Water 0.61 sq mi (1.59 km2)  25.86%
Area rank 383rd of 565 in state
26th of 53 in county
7 ft (2 m)
 • Total 4,774
 • Estimate 
 • Rank 385th of 566 in state
34th of 53 in county
 • Density 2,717.5/sq mi (1,049.2/km2)
 • Density rank 229th of 566 in state
27th of 53 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 732 exchanges: 223, 292, 528
FIPS code 3402507750
GNIS feature ID 0885170

Brielle is a borough located in southern Monmouth County, New Jersey along the Manasquan River. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,774, reflecting a decline of 119 (-2.4%) from the 4,893 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 487 (+11.1%) from the 4,406 counted in the 1990 Census.

Brielle was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 10, 1919, from portions of Wall Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on June 3, 1919. The borough was named for Brielle, a town in the Netherlands.


Archaeological excavations along what is now Birch Drive reveal temporary Lenape Native American settlements. The Lenape practiced farming in other parts of Monmouth County much of the year, and they visited the wooded areas in what is now Brielle for hunting and fishing.

The area was originally part of Shrewsbury Township and the first settlers were primarily farmers, and the area became known as Union Landing. In colonial times, salt was an important preservative, and before the American Revolutionary War, most of it was imported from Great Britain. The Union Salt Works opened around the outbreak of the war, and on April 5, 1778, several British Loyalists attacked and burned the salt works and other buildings. A year later, the salt works reopened and continued to operate through the duration of the war.

Early in the 19th century, Shrewsbury Township was divided, and the area became part of Howell Township which was further divided in 1851, when the area became part of Wall Township. On July 7, 1881, a group of businessmen purchased several acres of land and formed the Brielle Land Association with the intention of building vacation homes. The quaint riverside charm of the area reminded one of the developers of another pastoral town on a river which he had visited, Brielle, in the Netherlands.

Author Robert Louis Stevenson vacationed in Brielle for most of May 1888. During his stay he wrote a portion of his book The Master of Ballantrae and gave Osborn Island the nickname "Treasure Island" which was the title of one of his previous books.


Brielle welcome sign at the border with Manasquan on Union Avenue.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.375 square miles (6.151 km2), including 1.757 square miles (4.550 km2) of land and 0.618 square miles (1.601 km2) of water (26.02%).

Located at the southeastern corner of Monmouth County, Brielle is bordered to the north and east by the Manasquan, to the west by Brick Township (in Ocean County) and Wall Township and to the south by Point Pleasant and Point Pleasant Beach across the Manasquan River. Route 35 runs through the middle of the town and Route 70 runs along its western edge.

The borough is primarily a residential community of single homes, with a few condominiums; there are almost no undeveloped lots of land left. There are several businesses located along Union Avenue and Higgins Avenue and some marinas along the Manasquan River. Ripley's Believe It or Not! once stated that Brielle has "16 bars and no churches". It currently has one church, The Church in Brielle (formerly the Dutch Reformed Church) and several restaurants that have liquor licenses, but no true bars. There is also a 140 acres (0.57 km2) 18 hole golf course called the Manasquan River Golf Club.

The town has approximately 6.4 kilometers (4.0 mi) of waterfront along the Manasquan River, Glimmerglass, and Debbie's Creek, all of which are salt water and tidal. Brielle's borders extend to an 8-acre (32,000 m2) island in the Manasquan River.

Manasquan Park is an unincorporated community located within Brielle.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 392
1930 684 74.5%
1940 961 40.5%
1950 1,328 38.2%
1960 2,619 97.2%
1970 3,594 37.2%
1980 4,068 13.2%
1990 4,406 8.3%
2000 4,893 11.1%
2010 4,774 −2.4%
2019 (est.) 4,666 −2.3%
Population sources: 1920
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,774 people, 1,805 households, and 1,336 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,717.5 per square mile (1,049.2/km2). There were 2,034 housing units at an average density of 1,157.8 per square mile (447.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 94.64% (4,518) White, 2.53% (121) Black or African American, 0.10% (5) Native American, 0.94% (45) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.46% (22) from other races, and 1.32% (63) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.18% (152) of the population.

There were 1,805 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 18.7% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.9 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $98,419 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,635) and the median family income was $108,818 (+/- $11,831). Males had a median income of $84,568 (+/- $8,259) versus $53,041 (+/- $4,411) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $45,445 (+/- $5,694). About none of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.


Roads and highways

2021-09-08 11 11 17 View north along New Jersey State Route 35 from the overpass for School House Road in Brielle, Monmouth County, New Jersey
Route 35 in Brielle

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 27.08 miles (43.58 km) of roadways, of which 21.94 miles (35.31 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.66 miles (4.28 km) by Monmouth County and 2.48 miles (3.99 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

New Jersey Route 35 is the main highway serving Brielle. Brielle is also the southern terminus of New Jersey Route 71. A small portion of New Jersey Route 70 also passes through the borough.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus transportation between the borough and Philadelphia on the 317 route and local service on the 830 route.

NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line travels through Brielle, but does not stop in the borough. The nearest station is the Manasquan station.


Brielle Elementary School

The Brielle School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade at Brielle Elementary School. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 540 students and 48.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.2:1.

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Manasquan High School in Manasquan, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Manasquan Public Schools, joining students from Avon-by-the-Sea, Belmar, Lake Como, Sea Girt, Spring Lake and Spring Lake Heights at the school. As of the 2017–18 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 945 students and 71.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.2:1.

The Brielle Public Library, which is located at 610 South Street, claims to have been the first library in New Jersey to have offered public access to the Internet.

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Brielle, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Brielle include:

  • Robert E. Brennan (born 1944), businessman who built the penny stock brokerage firm, First Jersey Securities.
  • Charles H. Brower (1901-1984), advertising executive, copywriter and author.
  • Jeffrey A. Citron. chairman of Vonage, a voice-over-IP phone company, inventor of Island ECN and founder of Datek.
  • Mary Catherine Cuff (born 1947), former acting justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court (Judge of the Appellate Division, Temporarily Assigned to the Supreme Court) who served between 2012 and 2016.
  • Edward A. Flynn (born c. 1948), law enforcement official who has been Chief of the Milwaukee Police Department.
  • Ben Kenney (born 1977), bass guitarist for the band Incubus.
  • Gerry Matthews (born 1941), head men's basketball coach at Stockton University.
  • Riley McCusker (born 2001), artistic gymnast and 2018 World Champion
  • Frank Mundus (1925–2008), shark hunter said to have inspired the character Quint in the movie Jaws.
  • Charles Piercey (1890-1966), Australian racing cyclist.
  • Nelson Rae (1915–1945), radio and stage actor killed during World War II.
  • Mark Tornillo (born 1954), singer and vocalist of heavy metal band Accept.
  • Jason Westrol (born 1988), professional basketball player who has played for the Limburg United of the Belgian Basketball League.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Brielle (Nueva Jersey) para niños

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