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Holmdel Township, New Jersey
Township of Holmdel
Aerial view of Bell Labs
Aerial view of Bell Labs
Map of Holmdel Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Holmdel Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Holmdel Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Holmdel Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated February 23, 1857
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Total 18.05 sq mi (46.75 km2)
 • Land 17.85 sq mi (46.22 km2)
 • Water 0.20 sq mi (0.53 km2)  1.13%
Area rank 156th of 565 in state
10th of 53 in county
144 ft (44 m)
 • Total 16,773
 • Estimate 
 • Rank 150th of 566 in state
13th of 53 in county
 • Density 937.3/sq mi (361.9/km2)
 • Density rank 394th of 566 in state
46th of 53 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
Area code(s) 732
FIPS code 3402532640
GNIS feature ID 0882119 son

Holmdel Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. The township is centrally located in the Raritan Valley region, being within the regional and cultural influence of the Raritan Bayshore. It is located in the New York Metropolitan Area and is a major bedroom community of New York City. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 16,773, reflecting an increase of 992 (+6.3%) from the 15,781 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,249 (+36.8%) from the 11,532 counted in the 1990 Census.

Holmdel Township was formed by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1857, from portions of Raritan Township (now Hazlet). The origin of the township's name is unclear, with some sources indicating that it was named for the Holmes family, who were early settlers of the area, while others point to Dutch language words holm and del, meaning 'pleasant valley'.

Holmdel is located 15 miles (24 km) west of the Jersey Shore. The township is notable, among other things, for its historical and present connection to Bell Labs. Important evidence for the Big Bang was discovered at a Bell Labs facility in Holmdel by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, both of whom won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work here. In addition, former Secretary of Energy Steven Chu earned a Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on laser cooling in Holmdel.

Holmdel's picturesque beauty, proximity to New York and main highways, award-winning public schools, large homes, rich history, the PNC Bank Arts Center, and the presence of many high paying jobs within commuting distance led the township to be ranked the #1 "Six-Figure Town" by Money magazine and CNN for 2009.

The township has been one of the state's highest-income communities. Based on data from the American Community Survey (ACS) for 2013–2017, Holmdel Township residents had a median household income of $155,842, ranked 10th in the state among municipalities with more than 10,000 residents, more than double the statewide median of $76,475. Based on data from the 2006–2010 ACS, Holmdel had a per-capita income of $62,120, ranked 46th in the state.


The earliest work on radio astronomy was conducted by Bell Labs engineer Karl Guthe Jansky in 1931 in Holmdel. In 1964, Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson of Bell Labs discovered evidence for cosmic microwave background radiation while performing research with the Holmdel Horn Antenna, earning them the Nobel Prize in Physics.

The PNC Bank Arts Center is a 10,800-seat outdoor amphitheatre concert venue located in Holmdel. PNC Financial Services agreed to a deal in 1996 under which it would pay $9.2 million for the naming rights, as part an effort by the Parkway Authority to avoid toll increases, a deal that was extended for another five years in 2006. The facility, which originally opened in 1968, was commissioned by the Garden State Parkway Authority at a cost of $6.75 million and built based on a design by architect Edward Durell Stone. Adjacent to it is the New Jersey Vietnam Veterans Memorial, which opened on May 7, 1995.

In 1977, Bruce Springsteen wrote and recorded many of his songs from his album Darkness on the Edge of Town in an old farmhouse in Holmdel.

VoIP provider Vonage Holdings, Inc., moved its world headquarters from Edison to Holmdel in November 2005, occupying the building that formerly housed Prudential Property Casualty & Insurance.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.115 square miles (46.916 km2), including 17.896 square miles (46.35 km2) of land and 0.219 square miles (0.566 km2) of water (1.21%). Holmdel Township is located roughly 35 miles (56 km) south of Manhattan.

Crawford Hill, located at 40°23′25″N 74°11′03″W / 40.3903863°N 74.1840322°W / 40.3903863; -74.1840322 (40.3903863,-74.1840322), is Monmouth County's highest point, standing 391 feet (119 m) above sea level. The top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories.

The township borders the Monmouth County communities of Aberdeen Township, Colts Neck Township, Hazlet Township, Marlboro Township and Middletown Township.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include: Beers, Centerville,


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,334
1870 1,415 6.1%
1880 1,575 11.3%
1890 1,479 −6.1%
1900 1,190 −19.5%
1910 1,058 −11.1%
1920 1,100 4.0%
1930 1,191 8.3%
1940 1,201 0.8%
1950 1,380 14.9%
1960 2,959 114.4%
1970 6,117 106.7%
1980 8,447 38.1%
1990 11,532 36.5%
2000 15,781 36.8%
2010 16,773 6.3%
2019 (est.) 16,731 −0.3%
Population sources: 1860-1920
1860-1870 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

In 2009, the average annual family income was $159,633, making it one of the highest in the country.

Holmdel Park
Holmdel Park on a calm afternoon

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,773 people, 5,584 households, and 4,612 families residing in the township. The population density was 937.3 per square mile (361.9/km2). There were 5,792 housing units at an average density of 323.7 per square mile (125.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 77.55% (13,007) White, 0.86% (145) Black or African American, 0.07% (11) Native American, 19.16% (3,213) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.54% (90) from other races, and 1.82% (305) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.70% (621) of the population.

There were 5,584 households out of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.5% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the township, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 17.8% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.1 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 89.9 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $140,533 (with a margin of error of +/- $18,587) and the median family income was $154,360 (+/- $13,795). Males had a median income of $135,139 (+/- $15,633) versus $77,703 (+/- $13,861) for females. The per capita income for the township was $62,120 (+/- $6,232). About 3.0% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

Holmdel Arboretum, covering 22 acres (8.9 ha) and established in 1963, offers examples of the trees, shrubs and plant life of Monmouth County.

Holmdel Park, initially established in 1962, covers 565 acres (229 ha) and includes the Historic Longstreet Farm (which offers a recreation of farm life in the 1890s) and the David C. Shaw Arboretum, along with athletic facilities and other amenities.


2021-05-27 16 58 40 View north along New Jersey State Route 444 (Garden State Parkway) from the overpass for Monmouth County Route 52 (Red Hill Road) in Holmdel Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey
The Garden State Parkway in Holmdel

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 125.28 miles (201.62 km) of roadways, of which 105.25 miles (169.38 km) were maintained by the municipality, 12.33 miles (19.84 km) by Monmouth County, 3.98 miles (6.41 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 3.72 miles (5.99 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

A few major roads pass through the township. The Garden State Parkway passes through near the center with part of Exit 114 (the other half in Middletown Township) and Exit 116 (for the PNC Bank Arts Center) in Holmdel. Route 34 passes through the western part while Route 35 goes through in the northern section. Major county routes that cross through include a short stretch of CR 516 in the north and CR 520 in the south.

Public transportation

NJ Transit and Academy Bus provide service in the area.

The nearest train stops to the township are located at Aberdeen-Matawan, Hazlet, and Middletown, all along the NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line to Hoboken Terminal, Newark's Penn Station, and New York's Penn Station.

Ferry service is available through the SeaStreak service in nearby Highlands, about a 15-20 minute drive from Holmdel Township. SeaStreak offers ferry service to New York City with trips to Pier 11 (on the East River at Wall Street) and East 35th Street in Manhattan. The ferry service also offers seasonal travel, such as to the public beaches on Sandy Hook, baseball games at Yankee Stadium and Citi Field, trips to Broadway matinees, Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, college football games at West Point, fall foliage in the Hudson Valley, and to the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, among other excursions.

Points of interest

  • Bell Labs Holmdel Complex - Now occupied by Spirent Communications and Suttons International, the buildings were constructed by architects Eero Saarinen and Sasaki, Walker and Associates from 1957 to 1962. The complex contained 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2) of space for its 6,000 employees, where five Nobel laureates and other Bell Labs staff developed many advances in communications technology in the facility that stands on a site that covers 472 acres (191 ha).
  • Holmes-Hendrickson House - listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the home was constructed by William Holmes in the mid 1750s in the Dutch vernacular style.
  • Upper Meeting House of the Baptist Church of Middletown is the state's first Baptist congregation, established in 1688, with its current building constructed in 1809. It is now part of the Holmdel Community Church, after a merger with the Holmdel Dutch Reformed Church, established in 1699 and constructed in 1838.
  • Vietnam Era Museum & Educational Center - The Vietnam Era Museum & Educational Center opened in 1998 and is located adjacent to the New Jersey Vietnam Veterans Memorial. The museum facility covers 5,000 square feet (460 m2) and was constructed at a cost of $3.5 million, opening as the first facility of its kind, intended to provide an even-handed depiction of the Vietnam War based on the experience of those who fought in Vietnam and those who remained in the United States.
  • Kovenhoven (1700) and Old Kentuck (1770) are historic homes dating to the 18th century, which have been added to the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Holmdel Township Public Schools's 2014–15 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education


The Holmdel Township Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of four schools, had an enrollment of 2,997 students and 263.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.4:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Village Elementary School with 759 students in grades PreK-3, Indian Hill School with 752 students in grades 4–6, William R. Satz School with 521 students in grades 7-8 and Holmdel High School with 962 students in grades 9-12.

The Holmdel public schools start middle school at 7th grade instead of the usual starting middle school at 6th grade (Wr-Satz).

Holmdel High School was the 12th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 13th in 2012 out of 328 schools listed. The high school was ranked 20th in the state of New Jersey and number 723 overall by The Washington Post in its 2011 ranking of American high schools.

Holmdel High School became the center of a scandal due to a hazing incident at a football camp in 1988 that was reported in the press and received considerable notoriety.

Private schools within the township include the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton's St. John Vianney High School for grades 9-12 and St. Benedict School, a kindergarten through eighth grade Catholic school that feeds into St. John Vianney. Holmdel was home to the now-defunct New School High School of Monmouth County, an alternative school based on the British Integrated Method, in which students in grades K-8 spend three years in a "family" that covers three grades in a traditional school program.

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Holmdel Township, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Holmdel Township include:

  • Henry E. Ackerson Jr. (1880-1970), Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1948 to 1952.
  • David F. Bauman, New Jersey Superior Court judge.
  • John Burke (born 1971), former professional football player, New England Patriots, New York Jets and San Diego Chargers.
  • John Cannon (born 1960), former defensive end who played nine seasons for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.
  • Dominick Casola (born 1987), racecar driver who made starts in NASCAR and the ARCA Menards Series from 2006 to 2013.
  • Herbert Cohen (born 1940), Olympic fencer.
  • Sean Davis (born 1993), professional soccer player for the New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer.
  • Christopher Dell (born 1956), diplomat who served as U.S. Ambassador to Kosovo, Zimbabwe and Angola.
  • Serena DiMaso (born 1963), politician who served as mayor of Holmdel Township and has represented the 13th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly since 2018.
  • John J. Ely (1778–1852), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
  • S. Thomas Gagliano (1931– 2019), politician who served in the New Jersey Senate from 1978 to 1989.
  • Renzo Gracie (born 1967), professional mixed martial arts fighter from Brazil.
  • Granian, band formed by musician Garen Guyikian.
  • William Barclay Harding (1906–1967), financier who served as chairman of the board of Smith, Barney Co. until his death.
  • Pete Hegseth (born 1980), Fox News contributor, Bronze Star Medal recipient.
  • John Henry Heyer (1831–1905), politician.
  • Jennifer Farley (born 1986), MTV television personality and entrepreneur.
  • Jodi Kantor (born 1975), reporter for The New York Times and author of The Obamas.
  • Alisa Kresge (born 1985), former basketball player who is the head coach of the Vermont Catamounts women's basketball team.
  • Dan Metzger (born 1993), professional soccer player who plays as a midfielder for Memphis 901 FC in the USL Championship.
  • SallyAnn Mosey, meteorologist.
  • Quenton Nelson (born 1996), offensive guard for the Indianapolis Colts.
  • Matt O'Ree (born 1972), blues-rock guitarist, singer and songwriter.
  • Michael V. Pomarico (born 1955; class of 1974), six-time Emmy Award winner for his work on the ABC-TV daytime drama All My Children.
  • Tab Ramos (born 1966), retired football midfielder who played on the U.S. Olympic team and was the first player to sign with Major League Soccer, where he played seven years with the MetroStars.
  • Bob Roggy (1956–1986), athlete who set the American javelin throw record in the early 1980s.
  • John Conover Smock (1842–1926), geologist.
  • Julie Sokolow (born 1987), lo-fi singer-songwriter, writer, and independent filmmaker.
  • Michael Sorrentino (born 1982), MTV television personality and entrepreneur.
  • Bruce Springsteen (born 1949), singer-songwriter.
  • John H. Tilelli Jr. (born 1941), retired United States Army four-star general.
  • John Valentin (born 1967), infielder who played for the Boston Red Sox and New York Mets.
  • Robert Woodrow Wilson (born 1936), awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1978.
  • Joe Yeninas (1934–2020), cartoonist and illustrator for the Newark Evening News, the Associated Press and The Journal of Commerce.
  • Harold A. Zahl (1905-1973), director of research at Camp Evans (later Forth Monmouth), responsible for critical U.S. developments in radar technology during World War II.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Municipio de Holmdel (Nueva Jersey) para niños

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