Holmdel Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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Holmdel Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Holmdel
Aerial view of Bell Labs
Aerial view of Bell Labs
Map of Holmdel Township in Monmouth County. Inset:Location of Monmouth County in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Holmdel Township in Monmouth County. Inset:Location of Monmouth County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Holmdel Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Holmdel Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated February 23, 1857
Area
 • Total 46.916 km2 (18.115 sq mi)
 • Land 46.35 km2 (17.896 sq mi)
 • Water 0.566 km2 (0.219 sq mi)  1.21%
Area rank 155th of 566 in state
10th of 53 in county
Elevation 44 m (144 ft)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 16,773
 • Estimate (2015) 16,671
 • Rank 150th of 566 in state
13th of 53 in county
 • Density 361.9/km2 (937.3/sq mi)
 • Density rank 394th of 566 in state
46th of 53 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 07733
Area code(s) 732
FIPS code 3402532640
GNIS feature ID 0882119 son
Website www.holmdeltownship-nj.com

Holmdel Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 16,773, reflecting an increase of 992 (+6.3%) from the 15,781 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,249 (+36.8%) from the 11,532 counted in the 1990 Census.

Holmdel Township was formed by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1857, from portions of Raritan Township (now Hazlet). The origin of the township's name is unclear, with some sources indicating that it was named for the Holmes family, who were early settlers of the area, while others point to Dutch language words Holm and Del, meaning "pleasant valley".

Holmdel is located 15 miles (24 km) west of the Jersey Shore. The township is notable, among other things, for its historical and present connection to Bell Labs. Important evidence for the Big Bang was discovered at a Bell Labs facility in Holmdel by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, both of whom won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work here.

Holmdel's picturesque beauty, proximity to New York City and main highways, award-winning public schools, large homes, rich history, PNC Bank Arts Center, and the presence of many high paying jobs within commuting distance led the township to be ranked the #1 "Six-Figure Town" by Money magazine and CNN for 2009.

History

Horn Antenna-in Holmdel, New Jersey
The Holmdel Horn Antenna

The earliest work on radio astronomy was conducted by Bell Labs engineer Karl Guthe Jansky in 1931 in Holmdel. In 1964, Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson of Bell Labs discovered evidence for cosmic microwave background radiation while performing research with the Holmdel Horn Antenna, earning them the Nobel Prize in Physics.

The PNC Bank Arts Center is a 10,800-seat outdoor amphitheatre concert venue located in Holmdel. PNC Financial Services agreed to a deal in 1996 under which it would pay $9.2 million for the naming rights, as part an effort by the Parkway Authority to avoid toll increases, a deal that was extended for another five years in 2006. The facility, which originally opened in 1968, was commissioned by the Garden State Parkway Authority at a cost of $6.75 million and built based on a design by architect Edward Durell Stone. Adjacent to it is the New Jersey Vietnam Veterans Memorial, which opened on May 7, 1995.

In 1977, Bruce Springsteen wrote and recorded many of his songs from his album Darkness on the Edge of Town in an old farmhouse in Holmdel.

VoIP provider Vonage Holdings, Inc., moved its world headquarters from Edison to Holmdel in November 2005, occupying the building that formerly housed Prudential Property Casualty & Insurance.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.115 square miles (46.916 km2), including 17.896 square miles (46.35 km2) of land and 0.219 square miles (0.566 km2) of water (1.21%). Holmdel Township is located roughly 35 miles (56 km) south of Manhattan.

Crawford Hill, located at (40.3903863,-74.1840322), is Monmouth County's highest point, standing 391 feet (119 m) above sea level. The top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories.

The township borders the Monmouth County communities of Aberdeen Township, Colts Neck Township, Hazlet Township, Marlboro Township and Middletown Township.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include: Beers, Centerville,

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,334
1870 1,415 6.1%
1880 1,575 11.3%
1890 1,479 −6.1%
1900 1,190 −19.5%
1910 1,058 −11.1%
1920 1,100 4.0%
1930 1,191 8.3%
1940 1,201 0.8%
1950 1,380 14.9%
1960 2,959 114.4%
1970 6,117 106.7%
1980 8,447 38.1%
1990 11,532 36.5%
2000 15,781 36.8%
2010 16,773 6.3%
Est. 2015 16,671 5.6%
Population sources: 1860-1920
1860-1870 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

In 2009, the average annual family income was $159,633, making it one of the highest in the country.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,773 people, 5,584 households, and 4,612 families residing in the township. The population density was 937.3 per square mile (361.9/km2). There were 5,792 housing units at an average density of 323.7 per square mile (125.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 77.55% (13,007) White, 0.86% (145) Black or African American, 0.07% (11) Native American, 19.16% (3,213) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.54% (90) from other races, and 1.82% (305) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.70% (621) of the population.

There were 5,584 households out of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.5% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the township, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 17.8% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.1 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 89.9 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $140,533 (with a margin of error of +/- $18,587) and the median family income was $154,360 (+/- $13,795). Males had a median income of $135,139 (+/- $15,633) versus $77,703 (+/- $13,861) for females. The per capita income for the township was $62,120 (+/- $6,232). About 3.0% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 15,781 people, 4,948 households, and 4,328 families residing in the township. The population density was 878.4 people per square mile (339.1/km²). There were 5,137 housing units at an average density of 285.9 per square mile (110.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 80.20% White, 17.45% Asian, 0.65% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.45% of the population.

As of the 2000 Census, 9.97% of Holmdel Township's residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry. This was the highest percentage of people with Chinese ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.

There were 4,947 households out of which 47.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.1% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.5% were non-families. 11.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the township the age distribution of the population shows 28.5% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

According to the 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the township was $112,879, and the median income for a family was $122,785. Males had a median income of $94,825 versus $54,625 for females. The per capita income for the township was $47,898. About 2.7% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

Holmdel Arboretum, covering 22 acres (8.9 ha) and established in 1963, offers examples of the trees, shrubs and plant life of Monmouth County.

Holmdel Park, initially established in 1962, covers 565 acres (229 ha) and includes the Historic Longstreet Farm (which offers a recreation of farm life in the 1890s) and the David C. Shaw Arboretum, along with athletic facilities and other amenities.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 125.28 miles (201.62 km) of roadways, of which 105.25 miles (169.38 km) were maintained by the municipality, 12.33 miles (19.84 km) by Monmouth County, 3.98 miles (6.41 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 3.72 miles (5.99 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

A few major roads pass through the township. Major county routes that cross through include a short stretch of CR 516 in the north and CR 520 in the south. Route 34 passes through the western part while Route 35 goes through in the northern section. The Garden State Parkway passes through near the center with part of Exit 114 (the other half in Middletown Township) and Exit 116 (for the PNC Bank Arts Center) in Holmdel.

Public transportation

NJ Transit and Academy Bus provide service in the area.

Points of interest

  • Bell Labs Holmdel Complex - Now occupied by Spirent Communications and Suttons International, the buildings were constructed by architects Eero Saarinen and Sasaki, Walker and Associates from 1957 to 1962. The complex contained 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2) of space for its 6,000 employees, where five Nobel laureates and other Bell Labs staff developed many advances in communications technology in the facility that stands on a site that covers 472 acres (191 ha).
  • Holmes-Hendrickson House - listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the home was constructed by William Holmes in the mid 1750s in the Dutch vernacular style.
  • Upper Meeting House of the Baptist Church of Middletown is the state's first Baptist congregation, established in 1688, with its current building constructed in 1809. It is now part of the Holmdel Community Church, after a merger with the Holmdel Dutch Reformed Church, established in 1699 and constructed in 1838.
  • Vietnam Era Museum & Educational Center - The Vietnam Era Museum & Educational Center opened in 1998 and is located adjacent to the New Jersey Vietnam Veterans Memorial. The museum facility covers 5,000 square feet (460 m2) and was constructed at a cost of $3.5 million, opening as the first facility of its kind, intended to provide an even-handed depiction of the Vietnam War based on the experience of those who fought in Vietnam and those who remained in the United States.
  • Kovenhoven (1700) and Old Kentuck (1770) are historic homes dating to the 18th century, which have been added to the National Register of Historic Places.

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