kids encyclopedia robot

Neptune City, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Neptune City, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Neptune City
Center of Neptune City along Sylvania Avenue
Center of Neptune City along Sylvania Avenue
Map of Neptune City in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Neptune City highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Neptune City in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Neptune City highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Neptune City, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Neptune City, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°12′02″N 74°01′58″W / 40.200539°N 74.032896°W / 40.200539; -74.032896Coordinates: 40°12′02″N 74°01′58″W / 40.200539°N 74.032896°W / 40.200539; -74.032896
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated October 4, 1881
Named for Neptune, Roman water deity
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.90 sq mi (2.32 km2)
 • Land 0.90 sq mi (2.32 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.00%
Area rank 516th of 565 in state
43rd of 53 in county
Elevation
23 ft (7 m)
Population
 • Total 4,869
 • Estimate 
(2019)
4,596
 • Rank 384th of 566 in state
33rd of 53 in county
 • Density 5,105.0/sq mi (1,971.1/km2)
 • Density rank 108th of 566 in state
12th of 53 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
07753
Area code(s) 732
FIPS code 3402549920
GNIS feature ID 0885315

Neptune City is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,869, reflecting a decline of 349 (-6.7%) from the 5,218 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 221 (+4.4%) from the 4,997 counted in the 1990 Census.

The Borough of Neptune City was incorporated on October 4, 1881, based on a referendum held on March 19, 1881. The boundaries included all of present-day Neptune City, along with what is now Avon-by-the-Sea and the southern portion of Bradley Beach. On March 23, 1900, a bill approved in the New Jersey Legislature created the Borough of Avon-by-the-Sea. On March 13, 1907, the eastern portion of Neptune City was annexed to the Borough of Bradley Beach. The borough was named for Neptune, the Roman water deity, and its location on the Atlantic Ocean.

The earliest borough hall was erected in 1902 at the northwest corner of Evergreen Avenue and Railroad Avenue (now Memorial Drive).

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Neptune City borough had a total area of 0.954 square miles (2.470 km2), all of which is land.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Neptune Heights and Ocean Grove Heights.

The borough borders the Monmouth County municipalities of Avon-by-the-Sea, Bradley Beach and Bradley Beach.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,009
1910 488 −51.6%
1920 539 10.5%
1930 2,258 318.9%
1940 2,392 5.9%
1950 3,073 28.5%
1960 4,013 30.6%
1970 5,502 37.1%
1980 5,276 −4.1%
1990 4,997 −5.3%
2000 5,218 4.4%
2010 4,869 −6.7%
2019 (est.) 4,596 −5.6%
Population sources: 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,869 people, 2,133 households, and 1,220 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,105.0 per square mile (1,971.1/km2). There were 2,312 housing units at an average density of 2,424.0 per square mile (935.9/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 78.00% (3,798) White, 10.62% (517) Black or African American, 0.23% (11) Native American, 4.46% (217) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 3.88% (189) from other races, and 2.79% (136) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.08% (491) of the population.

There were 2,133 households out of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.8% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 31.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.9 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $50,154 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,050) and the median family income was $72,313 (+/- $16,796). Males had a median income of $48,257 (+/- $3,972) versus $43,365 (+/- $7,250) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,172 (+/- $2,830). About 3.0% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,218 people, 2,221 households, and 1,330 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,742.8 people per square mile (2,213.9/km2). There were 2,342 housing units at an average density of 2,577.5 per square mile (993.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 83.38% White, 9.52% African American, 0.23% Native American, 2.72% Asian, 2.11% from other races, and 2.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.31% of the population.

There were 2,221 households, out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $43,451, and the median income for a family was $46,393. Males had a median income of $39,578 versus $34,044 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,191. About 5.0% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

The Neptune City Community Center offers a recreation center with a gym, game room, exercise room, computer room, TV room and a special occasion room.

Neptune City also has four parks, Memorial Park which is located along the Shark River, Laird Avenue Park, the first playground built in Neptune City, Joe Freda Park, which is located on Third Avenue, and Adams Field, which is located on West Sylvania Avenue.

Landmarks

Steiner and Son's Pajama Factory was the first factory to ever be built in Neptune City, constructed in 1891 on land donated by James A. Bradley. Immanuel Steiner was a silk dealer in Austria when he emigrated to New York City in the late 1860s. He began manufacturing pajamas and nightgowns in New York City shortly thereafter. With his sons Edwin and Clarence, they sought to expand operations, opting to construct the flagship factory at the corner of Fourth and Railroad Avenue (now Memorial Drive.) The construction costs were $17,590 and the brickwork was carried out by A.A. Taylor of Asbury Park. Their flagship product, "The Universal Nightshirt" became enormously popular throughout the country. Within two years time, they constructed another nearly identical factory three blocks north (since the 1930s this has been the home of The SS Adams Novelty Company). Their first national slogan was "We Put the World To Sleep".

By 1918, Steiner and Sons had nearly 2,000 employees in factories in Neptune City, Neptune, Asbury Park, Long Branch, Keyport, Freehold, Manasquan and Toms River. They built a baseball park on the land between the two factories on Fourth and Seventh Avenues. In the spring of 1922, Babe Ruth and other members of the New York Yankees played an exhibition game there. Edwin Steiner assumed control at his father's death, and he expanded the original building considerably. The Steiner corporation had a reputation for spotlessly clean working conditions, and the quality of their products is attested to in countless period advertisements stretching all the way to California.

In the late 1920s, the Steiner corporation purchased and merged with the Liberty Nightshirt Company, headquartered in Baltimore. The decline in demand for nightshirts was one of the reasons for the acquisition. The same circumstances forced the company to shutter most of their other area operations. Tax squabbles with the Borough of Neptune City led them to close their long-time headquarters in Neptune City in 1939 and move to Shrewsbury, Pennsylvania. They eventually went out of business.

Mario Mirabelli and his brother Michael were running a military clothing manufacturing outfit in Elizabeth at the time when they purchased the building in 1940. They expanded their operations and won considerable government contracts during the Second World War. They produced close to $11 billion worth of military clothing during the war. The Mirabelli Company continued to win military contracts after the war. Mario Mirabelli was called to testify before Congress in the late 1950s when government suppliers were accused of forcing the company to manufacture items using second-rate materials that were deemed unusable by other government manufacturing outfits. The scandal hurt Mirabelli's business and reputation. They continued to win small government contracts until the early 1960s, but eventually sold the building and went out of business.

Flea markets were held on the first floor in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Outerama, a company founded by Zenek Lapinsky in the late 1960s, continued to manufacture suits and jackets in the building until 1975 on the 2nd and 3rd floors. The bankruptcy of many of Outerama's clients led to the company's demise. The building was shuttered in 1976 and remained so for the next 25 years.

For nearly 20 years, the Borough of Neptune City sought to have the property revamped. In the early 1990s plans were underway to convert the building to retail shops and apartments, but funding was short, and the Borough foreclosed on the owners before they could realize their goal. In 2000, the building was razed and condominiums were constructed. A demolition crane was destroyed when it fell into the side of the building during the wrecking operations.

The one and only motel in the Borough of Neptune City was the Charline Motel, located on Steiner Avenue, owned and operated by Charles C. Clayton, who also owned other establishments in Wall and Bradley Beach, and several in Asbury Park.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 18.76 miles (30.19 km) of roadways, of which 14.12 miles (22.72 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.43 miles (5.52 km) by Monmouth County and 1.21 miles (1.95 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Route 35 passes through, and Route 33 runs along the northern border of the city. The Route 18 freeway is immediately west of the city, and both I-195 and the Garden State Parkway are close by.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers local bus service on the 836 route. Train service on the North Jersey Coast Line is available at the Bradley Beach.

Religion

Neptune City has only one church, the Memorial United Methodist Church.

Education

The Neptune City School District serves students in kindergarten through eighth grade at Woodrow Wilson School. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 272 students and 32.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.5:1. Before Woodrow Wilson School was constructed, students attended Roosevelt School on Third Avenue, which was demolished after being deemed beyond repair and became the site of Joe Freda Park. The district is classified by the New Jersey Department of Education as being in District Factor Group "CD", the sixth-highest of eight groupings. District Factor Groups organize districts statewide to allow comparison by common socioeconomic characteristics of the local districts. From lowest socioeconomic status to highest, the categories are A, B, CD, DE, FG, GH, I and J.

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Neptune High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Neptune Township Schools; in a study published in May 2015, the district looked at modifying its relationship with the Neptune Township district, considering leaving the agreement unchanged, adding students in grades 6-8 to the sending arrangement or a regionalization of the two districts. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,317 students and 106.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.4:1.

The district also provides students with the opportunities to attend other high schools, such as the schools of the Monmouth County Vocational School District Academies which include: the Marine Academy of Science and Technology (MAST) located on Sandy Hook, High Technology High School located on the campus of Brookdale Community College in Lincroft, the Academy of Allied Health & Science in Neptune Township and affiliated with the Jersey Shore University Medical Center, the Communications High School located on the property of Wall High School, and Biotechnology High School located in Freehold Township. Neptune City also provides the students with the opportunity to attend the Performing Arts Program at Red Bank Regional High School for Performing Arts in Little Silver or to the Academy of Information Technology and the Academy of Finance both located at the Red Bank Regional High School for Performing Arts.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Neptune City include:

  • Kate Bornstein (born 1948), author, playwright, performance artist, actress and gender theorist.
  • Marie Castello (1915–2008), fortune teller known as Madam Marie who is mentioned in Bruce Springsteen's song "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)"
  • Les Dugan (1921–2002), American football coach who was the first head football coach at Buffalo State College, serving from 1981 to 1985.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Neptune City, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.